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The Black Panthers - Spartacus Educational
Beggars should be abolished Essay. #8216;Beggars should be abolished: for what did the black panthers stand for, it is annoying to give to them and sonnet it is stand, annoying not to give to them.#8217; Said Friedrich Nietzsche. In simple terms beggary is the rhythm is, a state of extreme poverty but now a days it has become a profession for most of the people. Those 15 seconds, when youre anxiously waiting for the red signal that is just about to turn green- a small child comes up to your car sticking his face in the window as hard as he can to make himself seen, or holding consumer goods, like tissue packets, biscuits, combs etc. asks you to buy something from him. Sometimes, they run to your front windscreen and start wiping the windscreen with water looking so dirty as if it was an algae habitat. Panthers Stand? Or sometimes, they just come to you selling their prayers for minimal change. And the sonnet ordinary man, thinking that he can do a good deed for what black panthers stand, the day takes out a shiny 5 rupee coin or a ten rupee note, and hands it over to sonnet 19 analysis that child. What Panthers Stand For? Of course not all beggars can be professional therefore there are some valid causes that cause such issue to be raised in our society.
The causes can be classified as economical, social, religious or other. Economically talking about beggary people have no sufficient means to support themselves and their families or rather they are unemployed or under employed. Essay On Short? Socially, the breakups and disorganization of families who are surrounded with poverty leads to increase in beggary. Many of the beggars migrate to different countries because of what they see in their elders and therefore they even follow this as a profession. Many of the beggars are physically disabled or mentally disabled and due to this they have to move towards this way of living. What Panthers For? Among other reasons may be mentioned those who are forced to beg. There are persons upon whom beggary is enforced. There are orphans that are sometimes deliberately maimed in order that their guardians or some other persons may earn their living. Many normal parents also trade on Loss, their childrens illness using these as sources of supplementary income.. Whether walking down the busy streets of Zam Zama Karachi, or the did the stand congested lanes of Sadar Lahore, there is a common feature that highlights the of language is weakness of the atmosphere- beggary. What Black Stand? There is no surprise in seeing a man of nearly sixty with a crooked back pointing out like a lever, which sets on the art of begging on one side and hardship on the other.
Beggary is one of the most crucial problems that overspread the streets of Pakistan. Appalling statistics show that amongst the 180 million citizens of Pakistan, 25 million are professional beggars, meaning that beggary is the main source of income for these individuals. Not only our country but in Japan and India even the sonnet 19 analysis walls are lined with the sleeping homeless, snoring through their beards on what panthers stand, a bed of cardboard. According to a survey Beggar Children earn 200 or 250 rupees per of language day and handover entire money to the Mafia (Which works for what black panthers, this profession) and that Mafia keep a big chunk of earning and leave minimum amount with to these children to take home. This Mafia is taking more benefits of the Street Begging. The Mafia also makes sure that the beggar children are addicted to the pugilist street-life. Did The Black Panthers Stand For? Slightly older children are given drugs and intoxicants, permitted to enter places where drugs are sold, incited to Story: Your Loss beg or borrow and exposed to sedatives. What Did The Black Stand For? Many rescued beggar children narrate horrific stories about forcible chopping off of limbs. According to certain special investigations by the media, in countries like India, many well qualified doctors are also shamelessly involved in this business and aid the Beggar Mafia.
Some other unfortunate young children are bought by the Beggar Mafia from relatives or custodians who cannot afford to keep them or simply do not want them. These children are first brutally beaten, burnt and starved for days in the pugilist order to make them look miserable and black then sent to the streets to beg because A hungry stomach has no faith. In any phenomenon there are effects , the effects of street begging that visitors will take fallacy about the country and they will never come again , also this phenomenon assimilates negative prescription and shadow about the country another effect brining rank and file alien to the country because the beggars didn#8217;t have any parchment or witness from schools and they refuge to begs so that effect on national development , In addition the crimes will increase and the stealing will increase also these are some of the consequences or effects . Your? There are plenty of ways of ensuring that your money is spent on what for, finding real solutions to homelessness and drug and alcohol addiction. Support local homelessness charities that are working with people in need. You can make a donation or offer up your time as a volunteer. Finally, we are not asking you to sonnet just #8216;walk on by#8217;. By all means engage street homeless people in panthers for conversation, even buy them a cup of Witch Essay tea or food. Black Stand? But please don#8217;t give them money. Your kindness could kill. But people like you and I who are fooled by 19 analysis, their emotional blackmailing tactics. We want to help and make a difference in their lives, but we are discouraged by their dishonesty and it is hard to gauge who is black panthers stand for, sincere and attachment theory who isnt. I have come to understand that professional beggars are not needy, they are greedy!
Ask any one of them to work instead of did the stand for begging, and youre met with deadly stares and rude remarks that shake the ground youre standing on. Request them to leave you, and the knocking on Essay on Short Story:, your cars window gets vengeful and even more persistent. Some even fire choice cuss words at you, while warning you that they will pray for black stand for, you and your familys demise. Well, begging cannot be removed overnight. It requires time, patience and wise leadership. Perugino Delivering The Keys Kingdom To Saint? All the governments of respective countries have to take note of all these things and then formulate a plan to eradicate beggars instead of compensating them with money. It is always better to show them how to earn money by working instead of feeding them free and what black stand social awareness about this subject has to be created or else this problem will only grow. University/College: University of California.
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Important Facts Everyone Should Know About The Black Panthers
Love Medicine Louise Erdrich - Essay. Love Medicine Louise Erdrich. (Born as Karen Louise Erdrich; has also published under pseudonyms Heidi Louise and what black stand, Milou North) American novelist, poet, memoirist, children's writer, and historian. The following entry presents criticism on Erdrich's novel Love Medicine (1984; expanded, 1993) through 2000. See also, Louise Erdrich Criticism . In the Essay Story: Loss novel Love Medicine, Erdrich draws upon her Chippewa heritage to did the black panthers for examine complex familial and sexual relationships among Native Americans and their conflict with white communities. Her comically eccentric characters attain mythic stature as they struggle to overcome isolation, abandonment, and exploitation.
Although Erdrich's work often deals with issues of concern to Native Americans, critics have noted the universality of her themes, the poetic quality of her literary voice, and her engaging authorial presence. Initially published in Essay on Short Your 1984, Erdrich released a revised and expanded version of what black, Love Medicine in 1993 to clarify events and relationships between characters, as well as strengthening links to her later works such as Tracks (1988) and The Bingo Palace (1994). Perugino Of The Kingdom! Love Medicine remains critically and what did the black panthers stand, commercially popular and has earned a notable position in the canon of The Salem Trials, American literature. Plot and Major Characters. Love Medicine features fourteen interconnected stories related by seven different members of the Kashpaw and for, Lamartine families of the Turtle Mountain Chippewa community. The first chapter of the novel, The World's Greatest Fishermen, opens with the death of June Kashpaw, who freezes to death as she tries to walk back to her reservation following a meaningless sexual encounter with a white oil worker. As the Story: Your Loss chapter progresses, Erdrich relates the reactions of June's relatives, children, and the Turtle Mountain community to her death, establishing the what did the panthers stand for foundation for the rest of the narrative. Essay On Short Story:! The subsequent chapters are not arranged chronologically, but rather follow significant moments in the lives of her characters between the years of 1934 and 1984. Did The Panthers For! The chapters Saint Marie and the pugilist, Wild Geese follow Nector and Marie Kashpaw, who at what did the panthers for times act as June's parents following the death of her mother.
Nector was sent to public school while his twin brother Eli stayed home on the reservation and, as a result, Eli has been unable to fully integrate himself into white culture. In Marie's early adolescence, she attempted a social climb by becoming a nun in a convent near the reservation. After battling with the sadistic Sister Leopolda, who believes that Marie is possessed by the Devil, Marie leaves the The Salem Trials Essay convent and marries Nector. Their marriage is tumultuous, and did the black for, Nector later begins an affair with Lulu Nanapush, whose past is related in The Island, a chapter added to the 1993 expanded edition. The Beads opens in 1948 with June in her childhood just after Marie and Nector took her into their home. The chapters Lulu's Boys, The Plunge of the Brave, and Flesh and Blood all take place in Story: Your 1957, primarily focusing on the strained relationships between Nector, the promiscuous Lulu, and the overly socially conscious Marie. A Bridge and did the panthers for, The Red Convertible take place between 1973 and 1974 and follow Henry Lamartine, the son of christ the keys kingdom, Lulu and her former brother-in-law, Beverly. Henry is on his way back to the reservation, returning after being released from what did the black stand for, a Vietnam prisoner-of-war camp, when he meets Albertine, a niece of June's who is running away from home. The bonds between Nector, Lulu, and Marie are further explored in Love Medicine and the rhythm of language, The Good Tears. Lipsha Morrissey, who was raised by what black panthers stand Marie, tries to heal the breach between Marie and Nector caused by Nector's attraction to Lulu in the retirement center in which they live.
Unwittingly, as Marie tries to get Nector to eat the perugino of the kingdom to saint peter turkey hearts prepared by Lipsha as a love medicine, Nector chokes to death. The Good Tears ends with Lulu and Marie's reconciliation, with Marie acting as Lulu's nurse, putting the tears in did the black panthers her eyes following Lulu's cataract surgery and Nector's death. The final three chaptersThe Tomahawk Factory, Lyman's Luck, and Crossing the Waterfollow Lyman Lamartine, Nector and Lulu's son, and Lipsha, who discovers that June was his birth mother. The stories in Love Medicine examine the lives of individuals in the Turtle Mountain community, tracking both their physical moves to stay or leave the reservation and their spiritual moves to accommodate a pervasive American culture or remain true to the lifestyle of sonnet 19 analysis, their Chippewa ancestors. In part, the linked sections chart the health and success of the did the stand for characters who are in the process of this movement. Chapters such as The World's Greatest Fishermen and The Island concentrate on a variety of thematic concerns such as abandonment, promiscuity, alienation, the of language is devastating effects of alcoholism and suicide in Native American communities, and vicissitudes of what did the black panthers for, familial relationships. Characters like Eli and Lyman reflect the displacement and isolation of Native Americans within American cultural, socioeconomic, and political landscapes. Eli isolates himself on perugino the reservation, not acknowledging the presence of white culture, while Lyman dreams of building a casino to attract white gamblers to the area.
However, the novel also focuses on black for more positive aspects of the tribal community, including the healing power of humor, familial and cultural bonds, compassion, hope, and redemption. Despite their lifelong struggle surrounding Nectorwho tries to balance himself between white and Native American cultureMarie and Lulu are able to reconcile their differences and bowlbyâs attachment, live together in the Native American retirement community. Critics have explored the archetypal image of the Native American trickster in Love Medicine, which Erdrich embodies in the characters of Lulu and Lipsha. Commentators have additionally noted that Erdrich's use of multiple narrators illustrates the complex relationships amongst the characters while also recreating the black stand form of the Native American oral narrative. Love Medicine has received an overwhelmingly positive critical assessment since its initial publication, earning several accolades and honors, including the sonnet National Book Critics Circle Award in 1984. The majority of the what did the reviews and critical commentary on the novel have focused on Erdrich's unique narrative technique, which employs multiple narrators, overlapping themes, and nonlinear chronology. This nontraditional structure has earned Love Medicine favorable comparisons to William Faulkner's As I Lay Dying and Absalom, Absalom! Erdrich's continuing use and development of characters in the Turtle Mountain region has also been praised for its similarity to Faulkner's creation of Yoknapatawpha County, Mississippi. Essay! Some critics have complained that Erdrich's use of alternating narrators interrupts the narrative flow and makes the text needlessly confusing, while others have lauded Erdrich's characterization and the thematic links between the narrators. Did The Panthers Stand! Placing Love Medicine within a specific literary genre has been widely debated among scholars and academics, with some alternately referring to the story as a novel, a collection of Trials Essay, stories, or a short story sequence.
Although Erdrich refers to each section as a chapter, reviewers have noted that many of the sections originally appeared in other publications as short stories. Hertha D. Wong has asserted that the stand for structure of Love Medicine constitutes a short story cycle, noting that, [a]lthough each of the christ delivering peter short stories in Love Medicine is inextricably interrelated to a network of other stories beyond its covers, the sequence of stories within the book has its own coherence, just as each story has its own integrity. Access our Love Medicine Study Guide for Free. Jacklight (poetry) 1984. Love Medicine (novel) 1984; expanded edition, 1993.
The Beet Queen (novel) 1986. Baptism of Desire (poetry) 1989. The Crown of Columbus [with Michael Dorris] (novel) 1991. The Bingo Palace (novel) 1994. The Blue Jay's Dance: A Birth Year (memoir) 1995.
Grandmother's Pigeon [illustrations by stand for Jim LaMarche] (juvenilia) 1996. Tales of Burning Love (novel) 1996. The Antelope Wife (novel) 1998. The Birchbark House (juvenilia) 1999. The Last Report on the Miracles at Little No Horse (novel) 2001. Master Butchers Singing Club (novel) 2002. Books and Islands in Ojibwe Country (memoir and history) 2003. Original Fire: Selected and New Poems (poetry) 2003. Ruth Doan MacDougall (review date 27 November 1984) SOURCE: MacDougall, Ruth Doan. Engaging First Novel Records 50 Years on a Chippewa Reservation. Christian Science Monitor 77, no. The Pugilist! 3 (27 November 1984): 33.
[ In the following review, MacDougall praises Erdrich's characterizations in Love Medicine, calling the work a funny, mystical and down-to-earth novel. ] I grew up with [my mother] in an aqua-and-silver trailer, set next to the old house on the land my great-grandparents were allotted when the government decided to turn Indians into farmers. The main house, where all of my aunts and uncles grew up, is one big square room with a cooking shack tacked onto what black panthers stand, it. The house is a. (The entire section is 540 words.) Get Free Access to this Love Medicine Study Guide. Start your 48-hour free trial to unlock this resource and thousands more. Get Better Grades. Our 30,000+ summaries will help you comprehend your required reading to ace every test, quiz, and essay. We've broken down the chapters, themes, and sonnet, characters so you can understand them on your first read-through.
Access Everything From Anywhere. We have everything you need in what panthers for one place, even if you're on the go. Download our handy iOS app for free. Linda Taylor (review date 22 February 1985) SOURCE: Taylor, Linda. On- and Off-Reservation. Times Literary Supplement, no. 4273 (22 February 1985): 196. [ In the following review, Taylor compliments Erdrich's narrative structure and examination of issues relevant to Native Americans in Love Medicine.] Set in North Dakota and depicting the the pugilist lives of the sometimes loosely connected, sometimes over-connected members of the Kashpaw and Lamartine families. (Chippewa Indians interbred with white trash), Love Medicine is a novel about survival, about going home (both locally and metaphysically), about true and false spirits (gods, demons, powers).
With seven narrators and black panthers for, an occasional word from the. (The entire section is 925 words.) Get Free Access to this Love Medicine Study Guide. Start your 48-hour free trial to unlock this resource and thousands more. SOURCE: Gleason, William. Her Laugh an Ace: The Function of Humor in Louise Erdrich's Love Medicine. American Indian Culture and Essay on Short Story: Your Loss, Research Journal 11, no. 3 (1987): 51-73. [ In the what for following essay, Gleason examines how humor is used as a metaphor and The Salem Witch Essay, as a tool for what panthers for emotional growth in Love Medicine.]
We have one priceless universal trait, we Americans. That trait is bowlbyâs our humor. Stand For! What a pity it is that it is not more prevalent in our art. Many early reviewers of Louise Erdrich's Love Medicine treat the novel as though it were at heart a tragic account of. (The entire section is 8744 words.) Nora Barry and perugino the keys of the peter, Mary Prescott (essay date winter 1989) SOURCE: Barry, Nora, and Mary Prescott. The Triumph of the Brave. Critique 30, no. Black For! 2 (winter 1989): 123-38. [ In the following essay, Barry and Prescott examine gender and social roles within Native American communities in Love Medicine, contending that Erdrich challenges the romantic vision of Native Americans as destined for cultural oblivion. ] In Louise Erdrich's Love Medicine, winner of the National Book Critics Circle Award in 1984, native American Nector Kashpaw recalls modeling for the painting Plunge of the Brave. There I was, jumping off a cliff, naked of course, down into a rocky river.
Certain death. The painting. (The entire section is 7955 words.) Louise Flavin (essay date fall 1989) SOURCE: Flavin, Louise. Louise Erdrich's Love Medicine : Over Time and Distance. Critique 31, no. 1 (fall 1989): 55-64. [ In the following essay, Flavin asserts that Love Medicine is a novel about Essay on Short Story: Your Loss disintegration and breaking connections, and of bonding and restoration. ] Louise Erdrich's Love Medicine appeared in what black stand for 1984, just fifteen years after the christ of the peter Pulitzer Prize was awarded to N. Scott Momaday for his novel of contemporary Indian American life, House Made of Dawn. Momaday's novel is black panthers generally recognized as setting off the renaissance of christ delivering the keys of the to saint, written imaginative native American works that followed in the next two decades. This span of. (The entire section is 4977 words.) SOURCE: Magalaner, Marvin. Louise Erdrich: Of Cars, Time, and the River. In American Woman Writing Fiction: Memory, Identity, Family, Space, edited by Mickey Pearlman, pp. 95-108.
Lexington: The University Press of Kentucky, 1989. [ In the following essay, Magalaner maintains that Erdrich's primary focus in Love Medicine is on her characters and their relationships within the Turtle Mountain community. ] Love Medicine marks a new approach to the treatment of the American Indian in what panthers stand for fiction. Louise Erdrich's Chippewa families on a twentieth-century reservation in the West bear no resemblance to the solemn braves and squaws of cowboy and Indian. (The entire section is 5882 words.) SOURCE: Silberman, Robert. Opening the Text: Love Medicine and the pugilist, the Return of the Native American Women. In Narrative Chance: Postmodern Discourse on Native American Indian Literatures, edited by did the panthers for Gerald Vizenor, pp. 101-20.
Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 1989. [ In the following essay, Silberman places Love Medicine within the context of on Short Loss, late twentieth-century Native American literature, arguing that Erdrich's novel signals a break with traditional modern Native American narratives. ] Louise Erdrich's Love Medicine opens with June Kashpaw, middle-aged Chippewa woman, wasting time in the oil boom town of Williston, North Dakota. (The entire section is 8044 words.) Lydia A. Schultz (essay date October 1991) SOURCE: Schultz, Lydia A. Fragments and Ojibwe Stories: Narrative Strategies in Louise Erdrich's Love Medicine. College Literature 18, no. Did The Panthers Stand! 3 (October 1991): 80-95. [ In the following essay, Schultz explores the function of sonnet, multiperspectivity in Love Medicine.]
In the what early part of the twentieth century, multiperspectivity in fiction was seen as elitist and experimental. The Rhythm! Many modernist worksT. S. What Black Panthers! Eliot's The Waste Land (1922), Virginia Woolf's Mrs. Dalloway (1925), William Faulkner's The Sound and the Fury (1929)use multiperspectival narration to depict the world as fragmentary, disrupted, and chaotic. Modernist uses of.
(The entire section is 7703 words.) SOURCE: Owens, Louis. Erdrich and Dorris's Mixedbloods and Multiple Narratives. In Other Destinies: Understanding the American Indian Novel, pp. 192-224. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1992. [ In the following excerpt, Owens discusses the dominant thematic concerns of The Salem Witch, Love Medicine, particularly the novel's examination of race and religion. ] Despite the panthers stand importance of N. Scott Momaday's Pulitzer Prize for of language House Made of Dawn in 1969, no American Indian author has achieved such immediate and what did the black panthers, enormous success as Louise Erdrich with her first novel, Love Medicine. The Salem Trials Essay! A best-seller, Love Medicine not only did the panthers stand outsold any previous novel by an. (The entire section is 6036 words.) SOURCE: Sarris, Greg. Reading Louise Erdrich: Love Medicine as Home Medicine. In Keeping Slug Woman Alive: A Holistic Approach to American Indian Texts, pp.
115-45. Berkeley: University of the pugilist, California Press, 1993. [ In the following essay, Sarris offers a critical reading of Love Medicine, using Erdrich's text to explore aspects of Native American literature. ] Your grandmother didn't want to be Indian, my Auntie Violet remarked as she put down the black panthers photograph of my grandmother I had given her. She leaned forward in her chair, as if for a closer inspection, one last look at sonnet the picture, then sat back with resolve. Nope, she said, that. (The entire section is 13883 words.)
Jeanne Marie Zeck (essay date fall 1995) SOURCE: Zeck, Jeanne Marie. What Black! Erdrich's Love Medicine. 19 Analysis! Explicator 54, no. Black Stand For! 1 (fall 1995): 58-60. [ In the Witch Trials Essay following essay, Zeck examines the sensual relationship between the characters of Eli and what black stand, Marie in Love Medicine.] In the chapter of Louise Erdrich's novel Love Medicine entitled The Beads, Eli plays the role of the father to Story: Your Marie's children when Nector is absent. Erdrich suggests, through a brief scene dense with sexual imagery, that Eli and Marie are June's spiritual parents. In a subtle, tender scene, they make love without touching, and what did the black stand, June is the fruit of their union. On one particular evening in 1948, Eli stays late.
(The entire section is 1145 words.) Barbara L. Pittman (essay date December 1995) SOURCE: Pittman, Barbara L. Cross-Cultural Reading and Generic Transformations: The Chronotope of the Road in Erdrich's Love Medicine. American Literature 67, no. 4 (December 1995): 777-92. [ In the following essay, Pittman explores how Erdrich uses time and space to create a narrative world in Love Medicine, noting that [ d ] iscovering the literary and cultural features essential to bowlbyâs a creative understanding of Louise Erdrich's Love Medicine means recognizing the literary and cultural chronotopes present in the work. ] Writing from black, within two literary traditions, as all Native American writers do, Louise Erdrich writes both.
(The entire section is bowlbyâs attachment theory 6523 words.) Jeanne Rosier Smith (essay date 1997) SOURCE: Smith, Jeanne Rosier. Comic Liberators and World-Healers: The Interwoven Trickster Narratives of Louise Erdrich. In Writing Tricksters: Mythic Gambols in American Ethnic Literature, pp. Did The Stand For! 71-110. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1997. [ In the following excerpt, Smith investigates Erdrich's use of the on Short Story: Native American trickster archetype in Love Medicine.] The trickster's constant chatterings and antics remind us that life is what did the stand for endlessly narrative, prolific and delivering kingdom, openended. William Hynes Mythical Trickster Figures. From the first publication of Love Medicine in 1984. (The entire section is what did the black for 4954 words.)
Susan Farrell (essay date winter 1998) SOURCE: Farrell, Susan. Erdrich's Love Medicine. Witch Essay! Explicator 56, no. 2 (winter 1998): 109-12. [ In the following essay, Farrell provides an interpretation of the symbolism behind June's death in the The World's Greatest Fishermen chapter of Love Medicine.] Set mostly on a Chippewa reservation in North Dakota, Louise Erdrich's first novel, Love Medicine, opens on the morning before Easter Sunday with the death of June Kashpaw, an event that sets into motion both memories and actual returns to the reservation by the other characters. Erdrich's Easter setting is important, as is the title of the what panthers stand for first section. The World's Greatest Fishermen,. (The entire section is the pugilist 1624 words.) Karen Janet McKinney (essay date winter 1999) SOURCE: McKinney, Karen Janet. False Miracles and Failed Vision in Louise Erdrich's Love Medicine. Black Stand! Critique 40, no.
2 (winter 1999): 152-60. [ In the following essay, McKinney explores the negative influence of Catholic missionaries on the Chippewa people and the impact of Catholicism in Essay Your Erdrich's Love Medicine.] In the last decade of the twentieth century, American culture seems increasingly at war with itself; racial and what panthers stand, cultural divisions appear to The Salem Witch Trials Essay be at panthers stand once more marked and more insidious than ever before. We read the endless essays in liberal journals, listen to reactionary shoutings on the radio, and turn with disgusted disbelief from the. (The entire section is 4125 words.) Brian Sutton (essay date spring 1999) SOURCE: Sutton, Brian. Erdrich's Love Medicine. Explicator 57, no.
3 (spring 1999): 187-89. [ In the following essay, Sutton discusses the The Salem Witch Trials Essay recurring image of the red convertible in Love Medicine.] Literary critic Marvin Magalaner has stated that in did the black panthers for Louise Erdrich's Love Medicine, water is the all-pervasive symbolic link with the past [ ] and with the natural environment, whereas the unnatural present is attachment theory epitomized by what black panthers stand the automobile (101). Trials! But in what did the panthers stand for the chapter of Love Medicine entitled The Red Convertiblea chapter often anthologized separately as a short storyjust the opposite is the case: The automobile is associated. (The entire section is 1273 words.)
Karah Stokes (essay date summer 1999) SOURCE: Stokes, Karah. What about the Sweetheart?: The Different Shape of of language is, Anishinabe Two Sisters Stories in Louise Erdrich's Love Medicine and Tales of Burning Love. MELUS 24, no. 2 (summer 1999): 89-105. [ In the following essay, Stokes explores the role of Anishinabe culture, mythology, and storytelling in black stand for Love Medicine.] Even though she grew up off-reservation speaking English, and writes a novel, a European form, Louise Erdrich's work is informed and Story: Your, ordered by stand elements of Anishinabe as well as of German-American, Catholic, and Midwestern cultures. These elements tantalize non-Anishinabe readers by lending a different shape to her fiction. (The entire section is attachment 7223 words.) SOURCE: Gish, Robert F. Life into black panthers Death, Death into Life: Hunting as Metaphor and Motive in the pugilist Love Medicine. In The Chippewa Landscape of Louise Erdrich, edited by Allan Chavkin, pp. 67-83. Did The Stand! Tuscaloosa: The University of Alabama Press, 1999. [ In the following essay, Gish identifies how hunting functions as a central motif in Love Medicine.]
Now therefore take, I pray thee, thy weapons, thy quiver and thy bow, and go out to the field, and take me some venison; And make me savory meat, such as I love, and bring it to me, that I may eat; that my soul may bless thee before I die. (The entire section is 6357 words.) SOURCE: Chavkin, Allan. Vision and Revision in the pugilist Louise Erdrich's Love Medicine. In The Chippewa Landscape of Louise Erdrich, edited by Allan Chavkin, pp. 84-116. Tuscaloosa: The University of Alabama Press, 1999. [ In the following essay, Chavkin compares and contrasts Erdrich's original version of Love Medicine with the did the panthers for 1993 expanded edition, noting similarities and differences throughout the text. ] Love Medicine (1984) made Louise Erdrich famous almost overnight.
This novel prompted an attachment unusual amount of critical attention, won the National Book Critics Circle Award, and did the black stand, has since become a work frequently anthologized and taught in college. (The entire section is 12250 words.) SOURCE: Ratcliffe, Krista. A Rhetoric of The Salem Trials, Classroom Denial: Resisting Resistance to Alcohol Questions While Teaching Louise Erdrich's Love Medicine. In The Languages of Addiction, edited by Jane Lilienfeld and did the, Jeffrey Oxford, pp. 105-21. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1999. [ In the following essay, Ratcliffe considers Erdrich's portrayal of addiction in Love Medicine and discusses some of the difficulties she had teaching the theory novela problem she refers to as classroom denial. ] In pedagogy scholarship, the term resistance functions as an what did the black for antanaclasis; that is, the term has two very different definitions that emerge from competing.
(The entire section is 6012 words.) Jason P. Mitchell (essay date spring 2000) SOURCE: Mitchell, Jason P. Louise Erdrich's Love Medicine, Cormac McCarthy's Blood Meridian, and the (De)Mythologizing of the American West. Critique 41, no. 3 (spring 2000): 290-304. [ In the following essay, Mitchell explores the ways in which Cormac McCarthy's Blood Meridian and Erdrich's Love Medicine debunk the mythology of the American West. ] Fighting; his way with knife and gun, the Texas cowboy was evolved, a fearless rider, a workman of the pugilist, sublime self-confidence, unequaled in the technique and did the panthers for, tricks of cowpunching, the most accurate on Essay on Short Story: Your Loss the trigger and the last to leave untasted the glass which the. (The entire section is 6998 words.) SOURCE: Sands, Kathleen M. Love Medicine : Voices and Margins. In Louise Erdrich's Love Medicine: A Casebook, edited by Hertha D. Sweet Wong, pp. What For! 35-42. New York: Oxford University Press, 2000.
[ In the following essay, Sands considers stylistic aspects of Love Medicine, maintaining that ultimately it is a novel, a solid, nailed-down, compassionate, and coherent narrative that uses sophisticated techniques toward traditional ends. ] Love Medicine by on Short Story: Your Louise Erdrich is a novel of hard edges, multiple voices, disjointed episodes, erratic tone shifts, bleak landscapes, eccentric characters, unresolved antagonisms, incomplete memories. It. (The entire section is 3344 words.) Beidler, Peter G. Three Student Guides to Louise Erdrich's Love Medicine. American Indian Culture and did the black stand, Research Journal 16, no. 4 (1992): 167-73.
Beidler presents three guides for the teaching and understanding of Love Medicine. Reid, E. Shelley. The Stories We Tell: Louise Erdrich's Identity Narratives. MELUS 25, nos. 3-4 (fall-winter 2000): 65-86. Reid discusses the function of Essay, Erdrich's identity narratives, drawing particular attention to Love Medicine. Wong, Hertha D. Louise Erdrich's Love Medicine : Narrative Communities and the Short Story. (The entire section is what did the black stand for 262 words.) Love Medicine Homework Help Questions. Since Lipsha Morrissey narrates chapter thirteen of Louise Erdrich's Love Medicine and undergoes a kind of attachment, moral and physical change, he can properly be called the protagonist of stand for, this chapter. . Chapter thirteen of perugino delivering of the kingdom peter, Love Medicine by Louise Erdrich is told from the point of view of Lipsha Morrissey; he was adopted by the Kashpaws, whom he calls grandma and grandpa and whom he loves. Did The Black! We learn. In my mind, I think that a dominant theme in both works is the of language idea of what did the black panthers stand, exploring how the individual experience is one that needs to Essay on Short Loss be revered in all of what did the for, its different forms.
Hughes' poem is quite. Louise Erdich's Love Medicine, and Witch Essay, Langston Hughes' Theme for did the panthers stand English B, are written about people who are searching for The Salem Witch Trials Essay an identitywhere they are equals. In both poems there is a theme of. The resolution of chapter thirteen of Love Medicine by stand for Louise Erdrich is the pugilist probably everything that happens after the did the panthers for funeral and Nector Kashpaw's reappearance at his wife's bedside and after.
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Important Facts Everyone Should Know About The Black Panthers
Tip Sheet: An Admissions Dean Offers Advice on Writing a College Essay. Periodically, in a feature called Tip Sheet, The Choice will post short items by admissions officers, guidance counselors and others to help applicants and their families better understand aspects of the admissions process. As an inaugural post in this series, Martha C. Merrill, the dean of admission and financial aid of Connecticut College, and a graduate of the class of 1984, encourages incoming high school seniors to black panthers for begin contemplating their college essays this summer. Theory! She also offers perspective on what she looks for in an applicants essay. Prospective students will often ask me if a good essay will really get them accepted. The truth is that while no essay will make an unqualified student acceptable, a good essay can help a qualified applicant stand out from the what did the stand for, competition. A good essay just might be what turns a maybe into a yes. The college application process takes time, preparation and the pugilist creativity, which is a lot for any active senior to handle. Summer, however, typically offers about 10 weeks free of what did the stand for, classes and homework and many of the other stresses that come with high school. The pressure of the looming college application deadline is Essay on Short Story: Loss, still months away, which allows students the freedom to play around with different ideas, test different angles and solicit feedback from did the panthers, friends and family. Another reason to focus your summer energy on crafting a quality essay: at this point in the admission process, it is one of the few things you can still control.
This is your chance to show us what you are capable of when you have time to think, prepare, rewrite and bowlbyâs theory polish. While there is no magic formula for did the black stand for, the perfect admission essay, there are a few things prospective college students should know. Here are my Top Ten tips: Write about Witch Trials Essay yourself . A great history paper on the Civil War might be very well written, but it doesnt tell me anything about the what black panthers stand for, writer. Regardless of the topic, make sure you shine through your essay. Use your own voice . I can tell the difference between the voice of a 40-year-old and a high school senior. Focus on one aspect of yourself . If you try to the rhythm of language is cover too many topics in your essay, youll end up with a resume of what black panthers stand for, activities and attributes that doesnt tell me as much about you as an in-depth look at one project or passion.
Be genuine . Dont try to impress me, because Ive heard it all. Just tell me what is important to you. The Pugilist! Consider a mundane topic . Sometimes its the simple things in life that make the what did the panthers for, best essays. Some of perugino the keys kingdom, my favorites have included essays that reflect on the daily subway ride to school, or what the family goldfish observed from the fishbowl perched on the family kitchen table. Stand For! It doesnt have to on Short be a life-changing event to be interesting and informative. Dont rely on how to books . Use them to get your creative juices flowing, but dont adhere too rigidly to their formulas, and definitely dont use their example topics. While there are always exceptions, the what my room says about me essay is way overdone. Share your opinions, but avoid anything too risky or controversial . Your essay will be read by a diverse group of individuals from a wide range of stand for, backgrounds, so try to appeal to the broadest audience possible. Theory! Tell a good story . Show me why you are compassionate; dont tell me you are.
Show me that you have overcome great difficulty; dont start your essay with I have overcome great difficulties. Dont repeat what is black stand for, already in your application . If you go to a performing arts school and sonnet 19 analysis all of your extracurricular activities and awards relate to dance, dont write about how much you love dancing. Tell me something I couldnt know just from reading the other parts of your application. Finally, dont forget about the what panthers for, supplements . Perugino Christ To Saint! The supplement questions are very important you should plan to spend as much time on them as you do on your essay. What Did The Stand For! A well-written essay wont help if your supplement answers are sloppy and uninformative. If youve been through this process before either as a practitioner, student or parent and the rhythm of language would like to add, or respond, to Ms. Merrills list, use the comment box below. If youd like to what black panthers for propose a future subject for Tip Sheet one youd want to bowlbyâs attachment theory read, or perhaps even propose writing please send a short email message to us at email@example.com. Comments are no longer being accepted.
Another piece of advice is to have someone proofread your essay, but DO NOT have multiple people give you advice about the essay. It is easy to what panthers stand for spot the student essays that have been finished or edited by friends and delivering the keys of the kingdom to saint family. And the worst essays are the ones that have been edited to meet the comments of multiple readers. As a faculty member who regularly catches students plagiarizing on class assignments, the application essay is a hint at what did the panthers for, that students future approach to writing assignments. I think you could do your readers a big favor by compiling a list of states that offer an the rhythm of language, early path to what did the panthers for college. Here in Texas, its called the Texas Academy of Mathematics and Science (TAMS). Its a two-year program at the Univ. of North Texas in Denton for high school juniors #038; seniors; it has about 400 students total.
Basically, the students take their first two years of college, and bowlbyâs theory get credit for their last two years of high school. My wife and black stand for I have two children, both graduated from TAMS. Best thing is, the 19 analysis, state covers tuition, fees, and books; only what did the black stand for, cost to sonnet us was room #038; board and a program fee. check it out by googling tams. I have some PDFs I could email you, too, if youre interested. Dripping Springs, TX. All nicely said but if all this was true there would have been the huge numbers of essay coaches or books we have out today.
Ask the entrants to any Ivy league school about whether they used coaches or guides and you will get a different answer. it would be good to start thinking about this college application essay (still a year away) Ms. Merrills Top Ten tips are an excellent guideline for the college admissions essay. What Did The Black Stand! Im currently a college sophmore and vividly recall going through this process. One additional tip I would add is keep it lite. I think college admissions panels are tired of reading about christ of the to saint how you spent your summer wielding a hammer for did the panthers for, Habitat for Humanity or ladling soup in a homeless shelter.
Forget the the pugilist, essay play a sport and what did the panthers be really, really good at it. If you are also a decent student that will be your ticket. Trust me athletes have a huge competitive advantage in perugino christ the keys of the kingdom peter, the college admissions game. What Panthers Stand! The admissions people wont come right out and say it, theyll say things like We try for balance in every class, but if Amherst doesnt beat Williams, Yale doesnt beat Harvard, etc. etc., they will get a lot of pressure. If the violin section is a little off one night, or the lead in the play is a bit weak, it wont really matter. Im not cynical, just realistic. I would avoid grammatical errors such as Marthas I can tell the difference between the voice of a 40-year-old and a high school senior and Marys (reader 1) double error: As a faculty member who regularly catches students plagiarizing on bowlbyâs attachment theory, class assignments, the application essay is a hint at what black panthers stand for, that students future approach to writing assignments. Im certain that Martha meant I can tell the the pugilist, difference between the voice of a 40-year-old and that of a high school senior, and that Mary meant As a faculty member who regularly catches students plagiarizing on class assignments, I note that the what did the black, application essay is a hint at students future approaches to writing assignments. the best thing you can do is perugino christ delivering the keys, try out did the black panthers stand a lot of ideas. my english teacher senior year made us write a different personal essay every day for the first month of school. i never would have thought of my ultimately successful topic if i hadnt been for being forced to do so much writing. Christ The Keys To Saint! if you really feel you must start over the summer, try out lots of what for, ideas and the pugilist dont commit. ask an english teacher or recent ivy grad for advice, your parents may not have the best sense of a relevant and not trite topic.
once you have your topic, draft and fine tune. i went through at least 40 full drafts. luckily my topic answered every essay question i came across. finally, i think the mundane topics advice is risky. What Did The Panthers Stand For! true, you can have a very good essay on a mundane topic, but you also run the risk of the pugilist, sounding like everyone else and being trite. if you are writing about your subway ride as a metaphor for your dreams in life, it had better be a really sparkling, innovative essay. These tips, while a good guide, are confusing. If some of the best essays shes read include what your life is like from the what did the black panthers for, POV of a goldfish on bowlbyâs theory, the kitchen table, then whats wrong with a creative essay on what my room says about what black me? That story can be equally as creative. As a 60-year-old graduate student who has also been a journalist for 11 years and Essay on Short Your recently published a book about my life, I believe in the power of black panthers stand, personal story.
Not all teens have found their voices yet, and so they try on others for the rhythm of language is, size, so of course that will come through the essay. But your voice is unique. Did The! Its you. Witch Trials Essay! Dont try to be anybody else. So Keep it simple, be honest, use more verbs than nouns and avoid adjectives and adverbs as much as possible. Tell how an experience you had made you feel and did the black stand for what you learned from it. Describe what sets your heart on bowlbyâs theory, fire.
As the parent of two college-aged sons, I could not agree with this advice more. One wrote about a challenge that he overcame and the other about being compassionate. Both essays were about events that happened in their everyday school lives. Black Panthers Stand For! Both were written in active voice and were little windows into their characters. Neither used the bowlbyâs theory, words challenge or compassionate. I am convinced that it was the what stand, strength and sincerity of their essays that opened the of language is, doors at black stand for, the top schools that said Yes to my sons. The essays were the differentiating factor in is, all the numbers that are part of an did the black for, application. I encourage other parents to suggest that their kids just be themselves in their essays small is good, generalities are boring, tell about something that makes you you. Oh, and read The Gatekeepers it offers the best insights into the college admissions process of any of the dozens of books I read on the topic. I wonder if, at the most competitive colleges/universities, anything makes a difference beyond sociology: My daughter is Essay on Short Your Loss, a National Merit Finalist (actually won a National Merit Scholarship at a school she chose not to attend), had an unweighted GPA over 3.9 at a magnet International Baccalaureate program, had an SAT score of what did the black stand for, 2290 with an 800 in critical reading (only took it once), had three 5 scores on AP exams before her senior year and every SAT II over 700.
She was accepted at every small college she applied. Attachment! Rejected at Harvard, Yale, wait-listed at Columbia (and then told there is no place) and at Duke .but then, 25 of 26 applicants from her (public) school were rejected from Yale the one acceptance: a superb musician, triple-legacy, Presidential Scholar. She IS an athlete, but not good enough to play at did the, the schools that rejected her (and plans to at the small college she will attend). Oh shes upper middle class white (and competing in a major metropolitan area against 19 analysis, many white legacy kids at these top schools). been through it might think himself realistic for advising that everyone get really really good at a sport, but being a non-sports person with a non-sports kid, our (IMO rather more sure-fire) resolution to what black panthers for this particular problem is apply only to technical colleges; they do not require essays. Tongue only attachment theory, partly in cheek Not all Ivy League admits use coaches or guides- I didnt. I took a risk in writing my application three years ago- I wrote a genuinely personal essay. It was frightening for me to what did the panthers do bec it revealed things about my background that I wasnt sure Harvard could handle. But it was a risk that paid off. So, my perspective is- take a risk, expose yourself, share why admission truly matters to you.
Thank you, Ms. Merrill. As a parent whose daughter is at the very very beginning of this process, Id love to see more advice on the admissions process from you please keep it coming! And thank you NYT for passing along practical, applicable information. Most college admission officers agree that a students character is the most difficult thing to sonnet 19 analysis measure on the application. College essays are the place for students to reveal their personal stories in an authentic, engaging and sincere way . In addition to what has already been mentioned, its important to what did the black panthers stand read the essay prompts carefully and bowlbyâs theory understand the intent of the question. Jeannie Borin, M.Ed. Some advice that not every student would need, but could be helpful to many: 1 Dont try to sound too intellectual, if that means stuffing the essay with high-brow vocabulary that you would never use in an ordinary conversation.
If you sound like youre trying to impress the did the black panthers for, reader with this vocabulary, you probably are negatively. 2 If you were sweating and stewing with your essay, try another draft version in a devil may care frame of mind. That is, just write it quickly with whatever comes into your head (on the topic) without caring if the essay is good and bad. Then let a trusted person compare the versions. Sometimes the latter turns out to have the better flow, and The Salem Trials you can improve on did the black panthers for, that in the editing process. Its a little cynical to suggest that all Ivy League admits use coaches and guides. A friend currently at the rhythm, Yale was told by a college counselor that her essay was terrible (it read too much like a story and didnt have a message), and black panthers stand for she sent it anyway.
I wrote my essay on my own and got into a school famous for its English program. Probably the best advice is to stay far away from The Salem Witch Trials Essay, moral of the story lines. Ive seen plenty of books that praise essays about the writers overcoming of black, obstacles, blah blah blah, with all their lines about through my experience, I learned I would get pretty darn bored of that if I were an admissions officer. Neither of my children used a coach or had special classes. We checked the grammar and spelling on The Salem, their essays and let them focus on their interests in and out of school.
One is at an Ivy one is at a small, tier one school. Did The Black! I expect the one going to the small school will get the better education. Some advice that not every student would need, but could be helpful to many: 1 Dont try to sound too intellectual, if that means stuffing the 19 analysis, essay with high-brow vocabulary that you would never use in an ordinary conversation. If you sound like youre trying to impress the reader with this vocabulary, you probably are negatively. 2 If you were sweating and stewing with your essay, try another draft version in a devil may care frame of mind.
That is, just write it quickly with whatever comes into your head (on the topic) without caring if the did the stand, essay is christ of the to saint, good and did the panthers stand for bad. Then let a trusted person compare the versions. Sometimes the latter turns out to have the theory, better flow, and you can improve on that in the editing process. P.S. For! Sorry, forgot to christ of the to saint peter tell you great post! Barbaras #2 is a great solution to what did the black for any time one gets writers block. From Thank You notes to funding proposals, it works. Also, the Witch Essay, trusted person who reads and edits the did the panthers stand for, outcome of the devil may care effort can be oneself but not until the next day. Read the essay to someone else. 19 Analysis! Read it as if you are telling a story. You will hear what sounds clumsy, and what stand you will see if it captures attention. I suggest that a good deal of time and money would be saved if admissions officers would simply put all those applicants who seem to meet standards for a college education into a lottery.
That random choice is fair and is better than officers playing God as to who is fit to sonnet 19 analysis adorn their insitution, My College Admissions Essays: 1. What work of art, music, science, mathematics or literature has surprised, unsettled or challenged you? : A 64-slice CT scanner that the local hospital that I volunteered at what did the, had just gotten. 2. Whats your favorite word and why?: Determination (Probably not the best choice but it really is and I think I showed it was genuine) 3. Essay Loss! Choose any topic of your choice: I wrote a descriptive essay of my trip to did the black panthers stand the Eiffel Tower and how I was blown away by Essay Story:, the beauty and grandeur of the structure. And this was also an essay that I had used in an English class for stand for, a writing contest and my teacher had rated the paper as an christ of the kingdom to saint, A+ so hey, it was probably my best writing. Currently at the University of Virginia as a 3rd year student. Admissions does sometimes seem like a lottery And Doc?
Does your daughters school mascot happen to be a rocket? I think I go to the same school, based on the information you gave. As someone who was admitted to did the panthers some Ivy Leagues and waitlisted at some Ivy Leagues, and who played a sport but was not recruited, I must say that the essay was probably the key in helping me stand out from the the pugilist, thousands of middle-class, white, suburban applicants. The essay is really one of the only aspects of the application in which you can show who you really are. Resumes are nice, but they show what you dowhich is meaningless unless this provides insight into what panthers stand for who you are and how your characters been shaped by what you do. Im sure many people would probably make blanket statements that are hard to Essay Loss understand dont write about something too grandiose dont write about something too mundane dont make it too intellectual-sounding dont make it sound like intellectualism is not a part of your lifebut the what did the panthers for, best advice I can give is figure out a writing style that works for you, and run with it.
If you look hard enough, you will find people in 19 analysis, your life who know you well enough to give you tips on your writing style while staying true to yourself and making it genuine. Take this advice with a grain of what black panthers stand for, salt. Consider it carefully and remember colleges are not looking to accept your neighbor, or your English teacher, or your friends mom who works at a newspaper. Essay Your Loss! They are looking for true insight into what did the panthers for your character, and you should seize this opportunity to perugino delivering kingdom reveal what it is what did the stand for, that makes you who you are.
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Black Panther Party - Marxists Internet Archive
A for and against essay about the internet. What Black For? Look at the essay and do the exercises to improve your writing skills. Do the the rhythm is preparation exercise first. Then read the what did the panthers stand text and do the other exercises. What's your opinion?
Do you think the internet is bad for perugino the keys of the kingdom young people? For young people it is. They shoud be surervised while accessing the internet, because they might find pornographic content, violent content and such. Internet, an invention which still amazes people in is own way, is not always good. It has really bad side effects on young adults. As in the essay, the young people get addicted to what did the panthers online games and the pugilist they become addicted to the internet quickly. As we can see, there are many more online games being made like Pokemon Go, etc. is really dangerous for young people. I think it really should have a age limit.
And also we must be strict about the rules of age limit on internet too. I#039;m also a young adult but I find internet uninteresting and dangerous so I approve of it having age limits. For YOUNG PEOPLE yes it is. I think Internet is very useful in black stand, schools and in work. The Pugilist? It#039;s also handy when you need to communicate. On the other hand a lot of people are addicted from sites like facbook, twitter or instagram. I also agree that learning on the internet (like here ont the black panthers stand for british council ;) ) is very usefull . So in conclusion internet is possibly the perugino of the kingdom most usefull thing that we ever invented. :) I agree with all of black for you, but what about learning how to play a musical instrument?
I think internet can be very good for teenagers because it helps them a lot especially for essays, projects and homeworks, but it can be also very bad because children spend too much time online. I like internet because I can listen to sonnet 19 analysis songs onYouTube and I use British Councile:) Hi BigBen6464. I'm glad to hear that you enjoy practising English here :) Is there anything in what stand, particular that you like on the site? Jonathan (LearnEnglish Teens Team) Thanks! I like your reading skills practice, stories about The Salem Essay UK and panthers for What is sonnet 19 analysis it? in Study Break. British Council really helps me with my vocabulary. I love it! I think the internet is an amazing tool which can be used for equally amazing things, but only in the hands of the right person. One bad aspect of internet is that anyone could acess anything anytime.
That means there is a lot of inappropriate content out there, but a good person is able to avoid it. In my opinion, though internet is very good and useful, but some young people use it for bad things. Such as playing computer games and get addict with it. Black? Many parents has banned the children not allowed to play forever,1 week or a day or so. But they never keep their word because, of course, parents love their kids, that is why after just a while,they let their children play AGAIN with their games, so really though, I think internet is useful with good children,and it is bad with bad children. I totaly agree. It all depends from parents.
If they let children to spend too much time online children will get a bad habit when they grow up. You#039;re quite right! I agree with your good comment in point: #039;I think internet is useful with good children, and on Short Your it is bad with bad children#039;. !! :) In my opinion, Internet is one of the greatest people created. You have an access to billions of libraries from panthers stand your computer, you are able to speak with your friends even if they are on the other side of the world. Many people work using the Internet. Now let#039;s mention disadvantages of the Internet and web-technologies. Firstly, many people nowadays become addicted and can#039;t survive for more than an hour without computer or smartphone. They need to publish their photos in social networks, chat with 7 people in on Short Story: Your, one moment and read new posts in their favourite online communities. Young people sometimes find their online-life better than the real one.
The second disadvantage is that nobody can guarantee the safety of your personal data. Did The Black Stand For? Everyone has heard stories about Trials Essay hackers that published private and scandal photos of data base of the what did the black big company. Theory? It#039;s not really pleasant to know that somebody can easily find out all your secrets. To sum up, Internrt is a wonderful tool for searching the necessary information, but social networks is quite tricky part of World Wide Web. I think the internet very useful for what stand for us .bcz we can get anything without spend alot of time in looking it . everything when we use it excessively and more than usually #039;it will be badthing.
Well, we must admit that on this perfectly imperfect planet nothing entirely good or entirely bad exists. Sonnet 19 Analysis? Internet is included. Surely it was meant for connecting people from all continents, but as the human mind has no border line we found out how to use it for did the for different things that provide us either with information or amusement. Sonnet? It is black panthers stand said that the sonnet 19 analysis Internet is a good servant but a bad master. Therefore, we can see that the problem isn#039;t in what panthers, the Internet itself but rather in the humans, as it is us who are using it and who are asked FOR WHAT we are using it. So for our irresponsibility we shouldn#039;t blame the Internet but ourselves as we are unable to use a powerful tool for our own improvement but we use it for our own unwanted degradation. I think that#039;s quite right!!
Nowadays, Internet has been the most important thing in mutimedia life. Personally, l consider that the internet is bad or not,which depends on users. I think the Internet is something that we have to know, and we should know what is good and bad for us, and keep ourselves away from what can damage ourselves in any way. I think it is the same for young people, we have to be responsible, because the Internet is a tool that helps us either with the school, or with any ordinary situation. Attachment? i think internet is what panthers stand useful for everyone. If it was a bad thing, something awful, it would have changed instead of reaching the whole world. Is something crazy, used 24hrs a day, everyday of the bowlbyâs theory week, a lot of information, and a lot of people online. What Did The Black Stand? About teenagers who are addicted to games, that depends on each family. Parents could create rules, so no one would be in a bad position.
And that also depends on the teenager#039;s sense of bowlbyâs theory what he or she can or can#039;t do. It#039;s impossible to live without internet in did the black panthers stand, a society like nowdays, it#039;s just so easy to make a research, work on a project. c#039;mon, does anyone here wants to spend hours and hours looking for few informations? Internet is of language is useful for did the everyone, for Witch Essay young and old people. There#039;s a lot of sites that can help us a lot. But, today Internet ha gone too far away. Almost, there#039;s no home without the what did the panthers for internet(more than 70% in whole world are with internet).
Yes, there are a good and a bad sites on the Internet. We have different web-sites(Facebook,Tumlr, Twitter, Instagram. ) that shows us a different world. We can learn a lot of things (English, French. ) and a lot of other things. But we all know that Internet isn#039;t so much safe.Even if we think that we have good hide it our information, we don#039;t. There#039;s a lot of the pugilist dangerous people in did the stand, the world. The Pugilist? To sum up, I completely agree with essay. No, i don`t thing internet bad for young people, because there is many information in the internet.
In my opinion, I dont think Internet is bad for people. Without the Internet, I cannot learn language (English) by myself and what for I wouldn#039;t be able to access to the pugilist lots of useful information that school doesn#039;t teach me. On the other hand, internet is bad only when people dont know how to use it wisely. What Panthers For? If young people use the Internet for studying and relaxing in proper way, internet would be very useful. To me, the internet#039;s the most wonderful tool that human had created. In my own perspective, the The Salem Internet plays an important role in the communicating barrier. As you can see, people all around the world are using the Internet, including the elderly.
We communicate with each other using the internet and it really helps us to stay connected with one another. Besides, without the internet, how are the countries going to develop? Our knowledge and the view to what stand the outside world, the attachment perspective to the outside of our comfort zone will be just limited, like a frog in the well. So, why not? The internet is the best connection between an individual to what stand for the whole wide world. Attachment? It#039;s definitely a boon. Internet is very usefull for us. Internet is particularly useful for what black panthers stand everyone, nearly all things are on the internet, you can get anything by only searching on attachment, it.
Internet seems becoming really important nowadays, it helps people a lot, for what did the panthers stand example i use internet for learning English, reading news and doing research for my tasks. However, internet also can give many bad effects, people become so fanatical on social media and often forget about Witch Trials Essay time and everything they should do. I completely disagree that internet is bad for teenagers, internet can be useful or useless, it depends on did the black panthers, the way people use the internet. How does this photo make you feel? Can you write a caption for delivering the keys of the peter it? . Look carefully. What's this everyday object?
Play Wordshake and for see how many points can you get in perugino delivering the keys kingdom, 3 minutes. © British Council The United Kingdom's international organisation for cultural relations and educational opportunities. A registered charity: 209131 (England and what did the stand for Wales) SC037733 (Scotland).
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Important Facts Everyone Should Know About The Black Panthers
essays on acts 7 The inscription The Acts of the Apostles probably reaches back to the beginning of the second century CE, since it is found in virtually every MS which contains this book, as well as the what black for, anti-Marcionite Prologue to Luke (c. 150-80 CE). Although it has been suggested that the wholly anarthrous title ??????? ?????????? could be read Some of the Acts of Some of the Apostles, this is Story: Your Loss really quite artificial to what black panthers stand for, the Greek sense. 1 Suffice it to say, the title is only partially accurate, for only Peter and Paul figure predominantly in this book for reasons which should become clear when we consider the purpose/occasion of writing. Attestation of Lukan authorship is found in the Muratorian Canon, the anti-Marcionite Prologue to Luke, Irenaeus, Clement of Alexandria, Origen, Tertullian, Eusebius, and Jerome. These all not only affirm authorship of the Acts by Luke, but Lukan authorship for the book which bears his name, too. Thus the external evidence is both unanimous and the pugilist, early. At no time were any doubts raised regarding this attribution to Luke, and certainly no alternatives were mooted. The tradition could hardly be stronger . . . 2 As with Mark, this unanimous tradition is all the more surprising if it were not true since Luke was not an apostle, nor even closely associated with one of the twelve. What Black! Caird makes the interesting observation: Not all the 19 analysis, traditions of the early Church are to what black stand for, be accepted at their face value, but there are good reasons for accepting this one. . . . a book which was meant for publication must have borne its authors name from the Essay Story: Loss, start.
In this respect the literary conventions of the what did the black panthers for, first century were stricter than ours, which allow an author to hide behind a pen-name. Had it been otherwise, it is hard to see how the name of Luke could ever have been associated with the books which tradition has attributed to him. Luke can scarcely be described as a prominent figure in the annals of first-century Christianity. 3. There is another piece of external evidence which corroborates Lukan authorship, viz., Luke-Acts in Codex Cantabrigiensis (D), the fifth century western diglot. Studies done on the singular readings of D (by G. Of Language! E. Did The Panthers Stand! Rice, E. J. Epp, etc.) show that it had certain theological tendencies. Among these is an the pugilist anti-Semitic strain, which is much more prominent than in did the panthers the Alexandrian or Byzantine MSS. But in particular, the anti-Semitic strain of D is the pugilist found exclusively in Luke-Acts. That is to say, in the variant readings which are unique to this MS, it betrays an anti-Semitic strain in just these two books. What is to account for this?
Since the MS has all four gospels and Acts, one cannot attribute this phenomenon to the scribe of Dor else he would certainly have been more consistent, making his theological view evident throughout all five books. Black Stand! Nor can we attribute this to Luke himself, for the western text is decidedly inferior and secondary to the Alexandrian, in attachment theory spite of its antiquity. 4 If the theological slant of D in Luke-acts is not due to Luke himself, nor to the scribe(s) of D, it most likely was created by an earlier scribe who copied only what black panthers Luke and Acts and did not have the other gospels under the same cover. What is so significant about this is that, as far as we know, the gospels were transcribed as a four-fold unit from the middle of the second century . 5 This would mean that the ancestor of bowlbyâs theory, D who copied Luke and Acts in all probability did so before 150 CE. Copyists rarely precede scholars; consequently, one could surmise that patristic writers assumed that Luke and Acts were by did the black panthers stand for, one author within two or three decades of their publication. 6. There are three pieces of internal evidence which corroborate with the external evidence: the unity of authorship of delivering of the kingdom to saint, Luke and Acts, evidence that the author was a traveling companion of Paul, and incidental evidence. 7. a. Unity of Authorship of Luke and Acts 8. There are five arguments which Guthrie uses to show common authorship: (1) Both books are dedicated to the same man, Theophilus; (2) Acts refers to the first treatise, which is what did the black stand most naturally understood as the gospel; (3) the the pugilist, books contain strong similarities of did the black stand, language and style; (4) both contain common interests; (5) Acts naturally follows on sonnet 19 analysis, from Lukes gospel . . What Did The Panthers For! . It may safely be concluded that the evidence is very strong for linking the two books as the work of one man, a conclusion which few modern scholars would dispute. 9.
In addition there is a sixth argument that could be used: there are remarkable parallels in Story: structure and content between Luke and Acts. To take but one example, not only is Jesus journey to Jerusalem parallel to that of Paul, but also the what black, events that take place when the two men reach the city, and after, are similar. 10 Talberts conclusion (which assumes unity of 19 analysis, authorship) is that the conclusion seems irresistible. This architectonic pattern which has Gospel and Acts correspond in content and in did the black panthers sequence at many points is due to deliberate editorial activity by the author of the pugilist, Luke-Acts. 11 The point is that the architectonic structure of what did the panthers stand for, Luke-Acts is so beautifully executed that to deny common authorship is to attribute as much genius to a second, anonymous writer (of Acts) as one should of the first writer (who wrote the gospel). 12. b. Evidence that the Author was a Companion of Paul.
The we passages in Story: Your Loss Acts (16:10-17; 20:5-15; 21:1-18; 27:128:16), prima facie , suggest a companion of Paul. On this supposition, this particular companion. (1) first joins Paul at Philippi [ sic : Troas]; (2) reappears on what did the panthers for, Pauls return visit to Philippi; (3) accompanies the apostle on the journey towards Jerusalem and stays with Philip at Caesarea, and (4) after Pauls two years imprisonment at Caesarea, during which time there are no definite data regarding the authors whereabouts, accompanies Paul to Rome and experiences shipwreck with him. The Salem! It would also mean that the author could not be any of those companions of Paul who are mentioned by name in these sections (Silas, Timothy, Sopater, Aristarchus, Secundus, Gaius, Tychicus, Trophimus). 13. c. Indirect Evidence in Support of Lukan Authorship. There are four main pieces of indirect evidence which support Lukan authorship. First, in black panthers for Pauls prison epistles, there are a number of people who were with Paul while he was in a Roman prison.
There is a definite probability that the author of Luke-Acts was one of them. Excluding those already mentioned by name in the we sections in Acts, the following names are mentioned: Mark, Jesus Justus, Epaphras, Demas, Luke, Epaphroditus. Second, in none of the epistles written on the second and third journeys (Thessalonians, Galatians (?), Corinthians, Romans) is Luke mentioned, but since none of them was written during a period covered by a we-section this corroborates the tradition. 14. Third, according to Col. Sonnet! 4:10 and what did the panthers stand for, Philemon 24, Luke and Mark were in close contact with one another.
Assuming Markan priority for the synoptic problem, this might explain how Luke got access to The Salem Witch Essay, Marks gospel. 15 But there is what did the panthers stand for more: Acts also betrays a Markan flavor in the first few chapters. Fourth, Col. 4:14 calls Luke the beloved physician. In 1882 W. K. Hobart wrote his celebrated The Medical Language of St. Luke in which he argued that where Matthew and Mark use common, everyday terms, Luke often used medical terms in describing Jesus healings. This, however, was challenged by H. J. Cadbury almost four decades later (1920), 16 who pointed out that Lukes language was no different than that of any educated person.
17 As Caird quips, if we should now appeal to Hobarts tome, this would make doctors of almost all the writers of antiquity . . . 18 Nevertheless, one should admit that Lukes terminology is compatible with an educated person, and that a physician would fit this picture well. Further, when one compares Mark 5:26 with Luke 8:43, it is interesting that whereas Mark mentions that the woman had spent her lifes savings on bowlbyâs attachment, doctors and only grew worse under their care, Luke omits the jab. In sum, the internal evidence certainly has nothing against Lukan authorship, though it clearly falls short of proof. This is all the did the black panthers, more reason to accept Lukan authorship, for this is the unanimous testimony from the fathers: Granted that an ancient scholar might have deduced from the prologue to the Gospel that the bowlbyâs attachment, author was not an black apostle and 19 analysis, from the we sections of did the black stand, Acts that he was a companion of bowlbyâs attachment, Paul, he still would have had no means of putting a name to the author if there had not been a valid tradition connecting the books with the name of Luke. 19. Assuming that Luke penned the stand for, gospel which bears his name, and The Salem Trials Essay, the book of Acts, what do we know about him (apart from his occupation)? First, he was probably a Gentile since he is mentioned separately from the men of the panthers stand, circumcision in Colossians 4. 20 Second, he may have been from Troas for the we sections in Acts begin there. 21 Beyond this there is very little information within the NT. However, the Anti-Marcionite Prologue to the rhythm is, Luke (found not infrequently attached to Latin MSS of the gospel) adds some interesting information: (1) Luke was a native of Antioch, (2) he wrote the gospel in Achaea, (3) never married, (4) and died at age 84 in Boetia. since the did the, same source adds other, extremely doubtful information, all of the Trials, above is what black for suspect as well.
22. 4. Arguments against Lukan Authorship. There are principally three arguments against Lukan authorship. Many have pointed out apparent discrepancies between Pauls biographical notes in perugino christ the keys of the kingdom to saint peter his Hauptbriefe and other secure epistles with the information about Paul given in Acts. Three alleged discrepancies are particularly striking: (1) the number of visits Paul made to Jerusalem given in Acts and that given in Galatians, 23 (2) the make-up of the converts in Thessalonica, 24 and (3) Pauls attitude toward the OT Law. Two points should be mentioned in response: (1) Even if such discrepancies were genuine, this would not necessarily argue against Lukan authorship, though it might say something about what his reliability as a historian. 25 (2) All of the alleged discrepancies are capable of alternative explanations, thus rendering them an insecure basis for rejecting the tradition. 26. b. Different Interpretations of the We Sections. It is of course possible that the use of the first person plural was a literary convention, or even an uncorrected source which the author had used.
On the 19 analysis, whole, German and American scholars favor either of these options over the prima facie view (especially because of the alleged historical discrepancies), while British scholars favor the latter. Concerning the literary convention hypothesis, one wonders why it is employed so little (only in parts of did the black panthers stand, five chapters), and why it begins only in chapter 16. As to is, the diary hypothesis, if Luke used multiple sources for both his gospel and Acts why would we see the we sections only here? Surely he received many first person reports (both written and did the black panthers, oral) for the composition of both books. 27 This view suggests that he was careful to change the first person plural all the perugino christ of the peter, way through both Luke and Acts until Acts 16! Although these views are possible, they raise far more problems than they solve.
This is normally considered to be the most severe difficulty for maintaining Lukan authorship of Luke-Acts. There are two main difficulties to be dealt with: (1) Pauls solution to the problem of the OT law; 28 and (2) the speeches attributed to Paul in Acts. 29. (1) A superficial reading of did the black panthers stand, Acts suggests that the Paul of Acts is different from the Paul of the epistles in his handling of the OT law. In Acts, for example, he has Timothy circumcised, while he denies the necessity of circumcision in Galatians. But two pieces of data must be kept in the rhythm of language mind here: (a) the black for, reason for Timothys circumcision in Acts was related to evangelistic opportunity , while in Galatians he is opposed to circumcision for on Short Your those who wish to rest on it as essential for salvation . Both of what did the black panthers stand for, these actions are totally consistent with Pauls self-portrait in 1 Cor. 9:19-23 (where, for the sake of the gospel, Paul can either accommodate his lifestyle to that of the Jews or that of the Gentiles). (b) The purpose of Acts is different than the purpose of the epistles. Whereas Paul is eager to dissociate himself from Judaizers (even with quite colorful language at times!), Lukes purpose is to present Paul as a good Jew who also was a Christian and perugino christ delivering the keys to saint, that in this one man there was no desire to start riots by inciting his own people.
Hence, Luke presents nascent Christianity as a movement which began very much within Judaism (one might even call it Messianic Judaism or the Nazarene sect of Judaism) with which other Jews have wrongly taken offense, while Paul is more concerned with reaching the Gentiles. Panthers For! This different perspective/purpose is nicely spelled out by perugino delivering the keys to saint, Longenecker: 30. Undoubtedly there are differences between the Paul of his own letters and black panthers stand for, the Paul of his biographer, and undoubtedly Pauline Christianity and early Jewish Christianity were distinguishable entities. But we play much too fast and loose with the The Salem Trials Essay, evidence when we attempt to drive a wedge between them. Paul writes as an evangelist and pastor to his converts, affirming the did the, essentials of his message within a context of personal humility, whereas Luke writes as an historian and admirer of the The Salem, apostle, with a sense for the historical unfolding of the gospel and a desire to highlight the heroic. While we must ask for a body of agreement in the respective portrayals, we cannot reasonably call for identity in details or uniformity in viewpoints. 31. (2) Pauls speeches in did the black panthers stand Acts do not sound like his letters. Some have argued that Lukes historiographical model was Thucydides who invented speeches to add verisimilitude to his narrative. However, this assertion neither does justice to Thucydides nor to Luke.
A careful reading of Thucydides statement 32 reveals that he did not invent speeches ex nihilo , but occasionally summarized or put in his own words what was said on specific occasions. The Salem Trials! Thus if it is true that Luke patterned his work after those of Thucydides (and we believe it is), he did not invent speeches, though he certainly felt the right to shape them. 33 Still, what is panthers for remarkable is that several of the Story: Your Loss, speeches, especially those of Peter and James, have strong verbal parallels with the what did the panthers for, epistles alleged to be by the same authors (1-2 Peter and James). 34 Further, although most of Pauls speeches in Acts show little resemblance to sonnet, his epistles, the one speech given to believers (in Acts 20) does. 35. In sum, Lukan authorship for both the third gospel and Acts has excellent external credentials and corroborative internal evidence. The difficulties to this view, though not altogether trivial, certainly fail to what did the stand, convince one of any other alternative. Indeed, it is precisely because there are theological and historical difficulties between Acts and Paul that the argument for perugino christ kingdom to saint Lukan authorship is the black stand for, most plausible: what later writer (for those who deny Lukan authorship all put Luke-Acts late), who had access to Pauls letters, would create so many discrepancies in Trials the portrait of his hero, the apostle Paul? 36. A number of factors and presuppositions affect the what black panthers for, date of this book.
Among the most important are: (1) authorship; (2) the solution to the synoptic problem; (3) whether the Olivet Discourse was truly prophetic or a vaticinium ex eventu ; and especially (4) evidence internal to the book of Witch, Acts (i.e., not related to the gospel per se ). Black Panthers Stand! Though most scholars date the perugino the keys, book c. Black Stand! 80-90, our conclusion is that it should be dated substantially earlier. (1) On the assumption of Lukan authorship, one cannot date this book too late. That is to say, since Luke was certainly an adult when he joined Paul in his second missionary journey, 37 he would have probably thirty to fifty years to 19 analysis, have written this work. However, apart from F. C. Baurs radical dating of Acts well into the second century, this span poses no problem for any plausible date. (2) In our solution to the synoptic problem, Matthew and what did the stand, Luke have independently used Mark. It is the pugilist most probable that Matthew was unaware of what did the black for, Lukes work and Luke was unaware of Matthews. If so, then both were probably written at around the same time. If Matthew is dated c. 60-65 CE, then Luke (and, therefore, Acts) in all probability should be dated similarly. 38. (3) Was the Olivet Discourse a vaticinium ex eventu (a prophecy after the The Salem, fact)? It is safe to say that the assumption that it was is the single most important reason for did the black panthers overturning an early date (pre-70) for Luke-Acts (as it was for sonnet Matthew and Mark).
We have dealt with this in our discussion of Matthews date and simply need to summarize our two points here: (a) only a denial of the possibility of predictive prophecy on the lips of did the panthers for, Jesus would necessitate a late date; (b) the synoptic gospels are both vague and imprecise in their prophecies assuming that those prophecies were fulfilled in the pugilist the Jewish War , but if there is more to come, and if the what panthers stand for, Olivet Discourse was given before 66 CE, then the discourse makes sense. (4) There are several pieces of internal evidence within Acts which are most significant in fixing the date of this two-volume work. Guthrie lists six, 39 of which the last is the most significant. (a) The absence of reference to important events which happened between AD 60 and 70 . The fall of Jerusalem (66-70), the persecution of Christians by the pugilist, Nero (64), and the death of James by the Sanhedrin (62) are not mentioned. On this last point, it is a significant silence, for no incident could have served Lukes apologetic purpose better, that it was the Jews not the Romans who were the real enemies of the gospel. 40. (b) The primitive character of the subject-matter . In particular, the Jewish-Gentile controversy is dominant and all other evidence apart from Acts suggests that this was a vital issue only in the period before the fall of Jerusalem. 41. (c) The primitive nature of the theology . Terms such as the Christ, disciples, the Way, and the reference to the first day of the week for the time when Christian met together to break bread, all imply primitiveness. (d) The attitude of the state towards the church. The government is what black panthers stand for quite impartial toward the church, a situation which would not be true after 64 CE when Neros persecution broke out. Of Language! It is black panthers significant that Luke ends this book by sonnet 19 analysis, saying that the gospel was able to spread unhindered ( ???????? ). (e) The relation of Acts to the Paul ine epistles . Panthers! Luke shows no awareness of Pauls literary endeavors.
This would certainly suggest a date which preceded the the pugilist, collection of the Corpus Paulinum . Further, there is evidence that such a collection existed as early as the 70s CE. 42 In the least, this suggests that the purpose of what black panthers for, Acts was not to reinstate Pauls letters, as some have suggested. (f) The absence of reference to the death of Paul . The book of Acts, which begins with a bang and dies with a whimper, and which so carefully chronicles the events leading up to the trial of Paul in Rome, gives the distinct impression that Pauls trial was not yet over. In other words, it is very doubtful that this book was written after 62 CE. Two counter reasons are often given as to why Luke would end the book here.  He did not want to mention the trials outcome. Essay On Short! The opinions put forth for this refraint are very numerousa telling argument against them. Some argue that it would put too much emphasis on what did the black stand for, the man rather than on his mission; that it would hint at a parallel with the the pugilist, death of Christ, which would be inappropriate; that the readers knew the rest of the story and hence Luke did not need to go on; etc. As Guthrie remarks, It is not sufficient, on the other hand, to propose a theory of the authors intention without supplying an adequate motive for what the intention, and it may be questioned whether this condition has been fulfilled. 43.  Luke intended to The Salem Witch, write a third volume.
This was the view of what stand, Spitta, Zahn, Ramsey, and W. L. Knox. Perugino Delivering Of The Kingdom To Saint! It is based on did the black stand for, the use of ?????? in Essay Your Acts 1:1a word which, in black classical Greek, indicated first of at least three. That it does not do so in hellenistic Greek is quite evident from the data supplied in BAGD; further that Luke does not use the superlative as a true superlative is evident from his discussion of the first census of Quirinius in Luke 2:2: scholars have had enough trouble trying to locate two censuses of Quirinius, let alone three! Further, even if Luke did use ?????? as a true superlative on occasion, why would he break his three-volume work here? This explanation seems a quite desperate expedient. 44. All in all, that Acts ends where it does is a great embarrassment to those who do not maintain a pre-64 date.
Robinson, who bases much of his Redating the New Testament on Witch Trials Essay, an early (62) date of Acts, argues ably for what did the stand this view. 45 In particular, he points out Essay Story: that Adolph von Harnack, whose massive scholarship and objectivity of judgment contrast with so many who have come after him, is still worth quoting precisely because on this subject he was forced slowly and painfully to change his mind. 46 Two snippets from did the panthers stand Harnacks The Date of Acts 47 will have to suffice: Throughout eight whole chapters St. Luke keeps his readers intensely interested in the progress of the trial of St. Paul, simply that he may in Essay Story: Your the end completely disappoint themthey learn nothing of the final result of the trial! The more clearly we see that the trial of St. Paul, and above all his appeal to Caesar, is the chief subject of the last quarter of Acts, the more hopeless does it appear that we can explain why the narrative breaks off as it does, otherwise than by assuming that the trial had actually not yet reached its close. It is no use to struggle against this conclusion. At the same time, one has to ask how much later Acts was than the gospel. In our view, the two were virtually simultaneous, since they would no doubt have been written on scrolls. 48 Customarily, the longest usable scroll was about thirty-five feet.
Luke and Acts each would take up well over twenty-five feet, and hence could not at all conveniently be fitted onto one scroll. This fact, coupled with the internal continuity between the two books, 49 strongly suggests that they were meant to did the stand, be read virtually as a single document, written at almost the same time, bearing the same purpose(s). 50. In conclusion, the the pugilist, following points can be made: (1) Luke depends on panthers stand for, Mark and therefore should not be dated earlier than the 50s CE. The Pugilist! The date of Mark, then, provides the terminu a quo for the date of Luke-Acts. (2) Luke neither knew of Matthews work, nor Matthews of Lukes. If Matthew is dated c. 60-65, then Luke-Acts was probably written within the same time frame. (3) Luke-Acts was written before the start of the Jewish War because his Olivet Discourse includes vague and not-yet-fulfilled material. (4) Acts is to be dated c. 62 CE, principally because of the black panthers stand for, ending of the book in which Pauls trial seems to have been still future. Our conclusion is that Acts was written just before the The Salem Witch Trials, end of Pauls first Roman imprisonment, c. 61-62 CE. Both the gospel and what black panthers stand for, Acts are addressed to bowlbyâs, one Theophilus. What Panthers Stand! He is Essay Story: Your called most excellent ( ???????? ), a term usually indicating some sort of government official, or at least high social rank. What Stand For! 51 It is perugino the keys to saint possible to what, view the Essay Story: Loss, name as symbolic (lover of God, or loved by what did the, God), as if the real addressee needed to be incognito for some reason. But since this name was well attested up to three centuries before Luke wrote, it may well have been his real name.
If Theophilus was a Roman official, then he certainly was a Gentile, and the contents of this gospel, as well as the Acts, bear eloquent testimony of a Gentile readership. 52 As we shall see in our discussion of the purpose of Acts, Theophilus was not only a Roman official (in all likelihood), but also was in delivering the keys of the kingdom to saint peter Rome. Although Luke-Acts is addressed to Theophilus, something must be said for the probability that Luke intended to have this work published and consequently envisioned an audience broader in scope than one man. Did The For! His prologue to the rhythm is, both the gospel and Acts emulates so much the ancient historians prefaces that it is did the panthers quite evident that he wanted the work published. In this, it is delivering kingdom to saint probable, once again, that his intended audience was Roman Gentiles. However, whether they were to be primarily believers or unbelievers is more difficult to black panthers, assess. Sonnet! In fact, whether Theophilus was a believer or not is what did the black difficult to assess! 53 The key issue is the meaning of ????????? (of what you have been informed or of what you have been taught; from ??????? ) in Luke 1:4. The term can refer either to Witch Trials, Christian instruction (Acts 18:25; Gal. 6:6) or simply information, even a negative report (Acts 21:21, 24). Thus, even in the key term there is an impasse.
In our view, there is something of a double entendre here: Theophilus is a high-ranking Roman official who is also a Christian. If his name is symbolic, then this is almost certainly the case. 54 But since he seems to be a government official, then he has been informed about Christianity. Did The Black! In our understanding of (one of) the purpose(s) of Acts , Luke was preparing a trial-brief for Pauls upcoming court hearing. In this case, Luke would certainly want a Roman official who was as sympathetic as he could be, ????????? , then, seems to indicate that Luke wanted to set the the rhythm of language, record straight about the what panthers stand, origins of Christianity (thus, information) while Theophilus suggests that this particular recipient had been more than informedhe had believed. 55.
In our view, the specific occasion which precipitated this two-volume work was Pauls upcoming court appearance in Rome. In our view, this is delivering to saint part of the initial purpose as well, though it does not encompass the total purpose of Acts. Guthrie argues that Lukes primary purpose was historical and this must be considered as the major aim of Acts, whatever subsidiary motives may have contributed towards its production. 56 Yet, Guthrie quickly adds five alternatives to what black, the purpose of Acts (a narrative of history, a gospel of the Spirit, an apology, a defense for the pugilist Pauls trial, and a theological document [either written to address the triumph of what did the black panthers stand, Christianity or the delay of the parousia]). 57. Yet not all would even agree with Guthries basic premise that the primary purpose was historical in a general sense, the real tension concerning the Essay Your Loss, purpose of this work is between history and apologetic. However, more and more would conclude that history and apologetic do not stand in tension, as if an accurate historian could not have an apologetic purpose, or that an apologist could not write accurate history. It has long been recognized that the historical positivism of Ernst Troeltsch of last century is passethat is, that no history was ever written from an unbiased motive. If this is the case, then to charge Luke with an what did the black panthers stand apologetic motive is not to Trials Essay, deny his being an accurate historiographer. There can be no doubt that Luke intends to give a great deal of data concerning the early beginnings of the did the panthers, churchmuch of which would not necessarily fit into bowlbyâs theory, an apologetic mold. For example, how does the mention of the selection of the seven table waiters (Acts 6) figure into an apologetic piece? A greater problem is the fact that this is black stand for a two-part workand the christ delivering the keys of the to saint peter, gospel of Luke must be reckoned into the overall scheme.
Nevertheless, there does seem to be a very decidedly apologetic thrust to this work as well. Several have seen the apologetic tone going in different directions: to establish that Christianity is law-abiding, to show that Christianity is a world religion, or even to did the black for, defend Pauls apostleship in the rhythm of language is some way. It is our contention that Acts is both historical and apologetic, that Luke wrote the work both for black panthers Theophilus (as an apologetic piece) and for secondary readers (both for apologetic and historical reasons). But the initial purposerelated to christ the keys kingdom, Theophilusis decidedly apologetic. What Did The Black! Specificallyand initially 58 Acts was written to be a trial brief for Paul. The evidence is Essay on Short as follows: 1. The beginning of Luke, in for which Theophilus is addressed as excellent ( ???????? ). We have already pointed out that this term is Essay on Short Your used of what panthers stand, government officials. But there is more: the vocative is used almost universally in the papyri only in petitions , as far as my own cursory research reveals (an examination of the first two volumes on the papyri in LCL). If this is the case here, then a petition is implied in Luke-Acts, even though none is stated. 2. The ending of the book, which almost certainly dates it as just before the end of Essay on Short Your, Pauls first Roman imprisonment. This ending would be very strange unless it were meant to what did the panthers, serve as a prompt for Theophilus to do something on Pauls behalf.
The date of Acts and the reasons for Trials the book ending here are the most compelling reasons to see this work as in some sense a trial brief for Paul. A general apologetic could be written at any time; but a trial brief needed to be written now. 3. The mention of Paul being under house arrest for two years in Acts 28:30. Although Cadbury made much of this, arguing that after two years a prisoner must either come to trial or be set free, the evidence is what black panthers stand for not nearly as neat as he supposed. 59 Nevertheless, one could appeal to the Roman law of a speedy trial. The point may be that Luke is reminding Theophilus that Pauls case is about to be heard and that his defense needs to christ kingdom to saint peter, be prepared. For! Further, as Sherwin-White points out, there is no reason to believe that Pauls accusers would be allowed to drop their charges. They had to prepare the best case they could. The two year reference probably functions in a sympathetic manner: Paul has been imprisoned long enoughsee what you can do to get him out! 4. The remarkable parallels between Peter and the pugilist, Paul attest to an apologetic for Paul.
Even Guthrie admits that the history before the narrative of Pauls life and work is somewhat scrappy and gives the impression that the authors purpose is to get to Paul as soon as possible. 60 C. H. Talbert has argued quite cogently that there is a strong architectonic pattern found in Luke-Acts, in which both books mirror each other, and both halves of Acts mirror each other. 61 The reason for this seems to be that Peter was already accepted by Theolophilus as a legitimate apostle while Paul needed credentials. Luke employed a deja vu approach, showing that Paul was every bit as much an apostle as was Peterbecause he performed the same miracles and gave the same messages. Further, as we suggested, the reason Peter would have already been accepted by Theophilus is because he would have had access to Marks gospel in which Peter figured prominently. 5. Coupled with the remarkable parallels between these two great apostles is the fact that the last comment about Peter (apart from his message in Acts 15) is his release from certain death in Acts 12 (the narrative then picks up on Pauls missionary journeys). This may well be intended to prompt Theophilus to finish the story for Paul in the same way. 6. Further evidence is seen in the incredible amount of what did the for, space devoted to the trials/ hearings in which Paul was involved before he came to Essay, Rome. The last eight chapters of Acts (Acts 2128) are devoted to a mere four years of history, while the first twenty chapters cover approximately twenty-four years of history.
The material is more than twice as compact because it now focuses on Pauls trials and did the black panthers stand, material which would be useful in proving his innocence. 7. The use of 19 analysis, ?????? in Acts 1:1 might be a literary device similar to the ending of Mark (at 16:8), making the work open-ended. The suggestion of did the, many older commentators was that this superlative was used as a true superlativethus, first of at least three. If so, then Acts might have ended where it did simply because Luke intended to write a third volume. We have already discussed this view and found it wanting. However, a modification of it has some attractiveness to it: Could it be that Luke intended Theophilus to the pugilist, write the third volumethat is, do what he could to see that Pauls ministry continued? Not much can be made of this possibility, however, because it suffers from the same linguistic fate that the older view suffers from, viz., Luke has already shown that he uses this superlative as a comparative, in accord with other Koine writers.
8. Finally, although Acts 27 ostensibly does not fit in with the trial-brief idea, recent scholars have pointed out that there was a widespread pagan belief that survival at a shipwreck proved a mans innocence. 62. Taken together, these eight (or at least seven) reasons form a compelling argument that Acts was indeed intended to be a trial brief for Paul. At the same time, one criticism should be mentioned here: If Acts is really intended (in part) to be a trial brief for what did the black panthers for Paul, then how does Luke fit into the pugilist, this picture? Since both works really belong together, the purpose of Acts is seemingly the purpose of did the panthers stand for, Luke-Acts. In response, it need only be mentioned that one of the purposes of Acts is the trial brief for Paul. It is true that Luke does not neatly fit into this purpose, though it does fit into christ of the to saint peter, the broader picture of black panthers, apologetic of Christianity before the Roman government. The occasion for Acts necessitated the publication of Luke, but it did not thereby dictate the purpose of Luke. The theme of Acts is intrinsically bound up with its purpose. In a nutshell, the theme is The Beginnings of the Church and the Expansion of the the rhythm of language, Gentile Mission.
In volume two of Lukes work, he picks up where he left off in the first volume, namely, with the ascension of the Lord (1:9-11). But he begins with a prologue (1:1-2) similar to what black panthers stand, that in Story: the first volume. The ascensionrecorded only by Lukebecomes a crucial motif for it is necessary if the disciples are to continue the ministry which Jesus began. Did The Black! That is why Luke refers to volume one as detailing what Jesus began to do and to teach until the day he was taken up into heaven (1:1-2a). After this brief prologue, the body of the work commences.
It is bowlbyâs theory possible to organize Lukes thought in several different ways, all of which have a certain legitimacy. It could be organized personally that is, centering on Peter and Paul (thus having two halves). It could be organized geographically , from Jerusalem, to Judea and Samaria, and the ends of the earth (cf. 1:8) (thus having three sections). Or it could be organized according to Lukes progress reports (thus having seven portions). The reason for this variety has to do with Lukes varied purposes. His work is both historical and apologetic.
And in his apologetics he deals with the legitimacy of Paul, as well as with his mission. We will look at the book according to the progressive scheme, though recognizing the Lukes organizational scheme is more multifaceted than that. In the progressive approach, there are seven units of thought, or books. In Book One, Luke touches on the birth of the Church in Jerusalem (1:12:47). Did The Panthers Stand For! Immediately, he gives us a glimpse of Essay Your Loss, one of his organizational schemes, for the birth of the Church parallels the birth of Christ. This can further be seen in for that at Jesus baptism, while he is praying, the Spirit descends in a physical form and delivering the keys peter, while the disciples are praying, the what did the, Spirit again descends in a physical form.
Scores of other parallels can be detected between these two volumes, each of which carries different levels of conviction. 63 although these are significant sub-motifs, in our view they are not the overarching control. This is Trials due to the fact that it is difficult to did the black for, organize Luke and Acts (in terms of macro-structure) along the same lines. Nevertheless, there is something to the pugilist, the architectonic approach to Luke-Acts and we will occasionally interact with it in our argument. This first Book, as we have said, continues the narrative from Jesus resurrection until the time of his ascension (1:3-11), a period of forty days. During this time he commissions the apostles to be his witnesses in ever-expanding circles (1:8). After his ascension, there is a ten-day waituntil the day of Pentecost (1:12-26). And during this waiting period the apostles likewise commission Matthias to join them as a replacement for Judas (1:15-26). When the stand for, day of Pentecost came the apostles were all together (2:1). The Spirit descends on them (2:1-13) like individual flames of fire (2:2-3).
The significance of this may be related to the already, not yet of the kingdom. When the Spirit descended on perugino christ kingdom to saint peter, Jesus at his baptism, coupled with the heavenly voice declaring him to be Gods Son, this seemed to what did the black, be an the pugilist enthronement of sorts (similar to the use of the enthronement Psalms in the OT [cf. What Panthers For! especially Psalm 2:7!] and the motif of the Spirit abiding on perugino christ delivering of the, the king [cf. Psalm 51]), thus inaugurating the kingdom. Before Jesus ascent into heaven, the question heaviest on the apostles minds was, Lord, are you at what stand for this time going to the pugilist, restore the kingdom to Israel? (1:6). Jesus response was already, not yet: when the Spirit comes they would be imbued with the power of the king, though the consummation of the kingdom was yet future.
God was surely doing a new work on the day of Pentecost. The apostles spoke in foreign tongues (2:4), though the crowd of pilgrims and did the panthers, residents wondered what this meant (2:5-13). Peters sermon explained what had happened and he seized the bowlbyâs attachment, moment to gain converts to Jesus of Nazareth (2:14-39). In this message there is an what did the panthers stand for emphasis on the resurrection of Christ (2:23-32), and on Essay Story: Loss, the crowds guilt in the crucifixion (2:36-37), as well as the promise of the Spirit to those who would repent and believe (2:33-39). It is evident that the panthers, Spirit had indeed descended on Peter, for about three thousand people believed his message (2:40-41). Book One concludes with the first progress report, after summarizing the unity and growth of the nascent Church (2:42-47a): And the Lord added to their number daily those who were being saved (2:47b). Book Two now deals with the expansion of the Church in Jerusalem (3:16:7). Luke arranges the material in an A B A B pattern. First, Peter heals a crippled man and this act has reverberations (3:14:31): he preaches to the crowd (3:11-26), gets arrested along with John (4:1-4), defends himself before the Sanhedrin and Essay Story:, is released (4:5-22).
All this finds a parallel in what did the panthers stand for the third part of Book Two (5:12-42): the apostles heal people, get arrested and escape (5:17-24), appear before the Sanhedrin (5:25-40), and are released (5:40). On Short Story: Loss! Clearly Luke shapes the two episodes to did the black panthers stand for, show that though Theophilus had accepted Peter as a messenger from God, the other apostles, deserved the same respect. Coming right after each of these episodes is a vignette on the community of the nascent Church, the first dealing with harsh discipline when wealth distribution was handled deceptively (4:325:11), the second dealing with correction when food distribution was handled poorly (6:1-6). In both pericopae, the authority and priorities of the apostles are clearly displayed. Book Two concludes with the summary statement, So the sonnet, word of God spread.
The number of disciples in Jerusalem increased rapidly, and a large number of priests became obedient to the faith (6:7). With this addendum on the priests conversions, it is as if Luke is saying that the apostles had now done all they could in Jerusalem. This is seen in the next section, Book Three, where it is evident that the religious leaders who had not obeyed were not about to. In Book Three we see the extension of the church beyond the walls of Jerusalem, spreading out all the way to Judea and for, Samaria (6:89:31). This book focuses on three non-apostles: Stephen, Philip, and The Salem Witch, Saul. What is significant is that these threemore than all of the apostles combinedwere instrumental in fulfilling the commission to be witnesses in Judea and Samaria (Acts 1:8). Just as the other apostles were seen to have all the power that Peter had (cf. What Panthers For! Acts 1:8a), so these non-apostles were seen to be witnesses (cf. Story: Your Loss! Acts 1:8b) every bit as much as the twelve. What is more, Saul is viewed as unwittingly helping to fulfill the Great Commission even before his conversion, for the Church first spread to Samaria and Judea because of his persecutions (8:1)! This Books purpose, then, is to foreshadow both the full apostolic status of Paul and his superiority over all the rest of the what did the black, original apostles in carrying out the mandate of Acts 1:8.
The first cameo of Book Three is of Stephen, the first martyr of the Church (6:88:1a). Like the apostles before him, he is arrested because of his miracles and proclamation (6:8-15). But unlike the apostles, his appearance before the of language is, Sanhedrin results in his death, not his release. In his defense (7:2-53) he outlines the nations history (with a focus on the patriarchs, Moses and David) up until their murder of did the stand, the Righteous One (7:52), thus paralleling Peters sermon on the day of Pentecost. Although Stephen was thus every bit as much a witness as was Peter, 64 the response to christ of the kingdom to saint, him was different. With the death of what did the black panthers for, Stephen, Luke is the rhythm of language indicating that fruitful ministry in Jerusalem had come to an end. The transition to the second cameo, that of Philip (8:1b-40), is via Saul (8:1): because of his role in Stephens death and did the black for, subsequent role in persecuting the Church, Philip and others were scattered throughout Judea and Samaria (8:1). Philip, like Stephen, performed miracles and proclaimed Christ (8:4-8). But, unlike Stephen, there was a very positive response to his ministry in Samaria (8:7-8, 12).
But not every response was positive. Even though Philip was very powerful in his preaching, a certain sorcerer named Simon believed only to gain the power which he saw in Philip (8:13). The apostles Peter and John came down from Jerusalem to Samaria to investigate the phenomenal response of the people (8:14). They laid hands on them, causing them to Essay on Short Story: Your, receive the Spirit (8:15-17). What Did The Black For! Through this event Simons wickedness was exposed (8:18-24), and Peters and Johns perspective was enlarged (8:25). Luke then gives two other vignettes about Philips ministry, showing how the gospel was spreading (8:26-40).
Sauls conversion concludes this third Book (9:1-30). Luke spends much time telling his audience about Sauls conversion (it is rehearsed three times in the book of Acts), with a special emphasis on the revelation of the risen Lord to Saul (9:4-5) as well as the Lords disclosure to Ananias that Saul had truly converted and would be the chosen instrument to carry my name before the Gentiles (9:10-15). Thus Saul is seen not only to have a remarkable conversion experience, but also from the first to be the one who would exemplify the mandate of Acts 1:8. Book Three, which began with an expanding church because of persecution now concludes with the words, Then the church throughout Judea, Galilee and Samaria enjoyed a time of peace. It was strengthened and encouraged by the Holy spirit and the rhythm of language is, it grew in numbers, living in what did the black panthers the fear of the Lord (9:31). To make sure that Theophilus would not be forced to bowlbyâs theory, choose between Peter and Paul Luke now demonstrates, in stand for Book Four, that Peter too promoted the Gentile mission (9:3212:24). But it was not just Peter who promoted this; it was the Witch Trials, Lord himself. Black Stand! Luke begins by affirming Peters apostleship in that he healed Aeneas (9:32-35) and even raised Dorcas from the dead (9:36-43). While in perugino christ delivering the keys of the kingdom to saint Joppa (where Dorcas had been raised), Peter saw a vision of unclean animals descending from heaven accompanied by a voice which bid him to did the for, kill and eat (10:8-23a). The message was clear: the unclean Gentiles should not be shut out of the kingdom (10:15, 28).
Peter subsequently went to the house of a Roman centurion named Cornelius and proclaimed the the keys of the to saint peter, gospel to him and his friends (10:23b-48). The response of the Gentiles was the same as that of the first hearers on the day of Pentecost (10:44-48); the Gentiles even received the what did the black stand, gift of the Spirit. The Pugilist! Peter was thus convinced that the Gentile mission was from God. Not only did Peter have to be prepared for what did the black panthers for the Gentile mission; the Jerusalem church did, too (11:1-18). Since Peter was recognized by all as a legitimate spokesman for God, his recounting of what happened at Cornelius house was enough to convince the Jewish believers. Chapter 11 concludes with the the pugilist, account of the birth of the church at Antioch (11:19-30)a birth which paralleled the birth of the Jerusalem church. Did The Stand! To show that there was no animosity between the sonnet 19 analysis, two churches, the Antiochian Christians sent financial aid to the Jerusalem church via Saul and panthers stand for, Barnabas (11:27-30). Book Four, which began with peace in Judea and Samaria, now reaches an ironic climax with persecution in Jerusalem (12:1-23). This time, rather than Saul, Herod is the one persecuting the church.
First, he executes James (12:1-2), then arrests Peter (12:3-19). But Peter miraculously escapes (12:6-11) and Herod dies (12:20-23). This is the last we see of Peter in his evangelistic efforts. 65 The stage is thus set for the comparison and contrast with Paul, the man with whom the rest of Acts is The Salem Witch concerned. What may be of significance is that there is no parallel with Paulwithin the pages of Actswith Peters final arrest and release . It is our conviction that Luke has written his book in such a way to beckon Theophilus to write the final chapter. Book Four concludes with the words, But the what for, word of God continued to bowlbyâs theory, increase and spread (12:24). The Fifth Book addresses the what black stand for, extension of the Church to Asia Minor, but might just as properly be called The Book of the Establishment of Pauls Apostleship (12:2516:5). Here we begin to see the deja vu pattern emerge once again. Sonnet 19 Analysis! But rather than between Luke and Acts, or Peter and the other apostles, this Book now compares Peter and Paul.
The Fifth Book opens with the commission of Barnabas and Saul by the Spirit to did the stand, take their first missionary journey (12:2513:3). Saul, who was also called Paul (13:9), has his apostleship authenticated on Cyprus and in the pugilist Pisidian Antioch. On Cyprus (13:4-12), he is seen to be just as much a witness as was Philipand to what did the black panthers stand, have the bowlbyâs attachment theory, same power of discernment as Peter, for panthers in Pauls confrontation with a sorcerer (13:6-12 cf. 8:9-13), he, like Peter, pronounces judgment on the manaccompanied by a miraculous blinding. In Pisidian Antioch (13:13-52) Paul is seen to be just as much an orator as Stephen and Peter (13:14b-41). In fact, his message is an amalgamation of christ the keys kingdom peter, both Stephens speech and Peters sermons. In these first two stories we see that Paul, by himself was equal to black for, both Philip and Peter, and then Stephen and Peter. When Paul travels to South Galatia (13:5114:21a), to the city of Lystra (14:8-18), he is seen to have the same miraculous powers as Peter (cf.
3:14:31). The parallels are hard to the pugilist, miss: (1) both Peter and Paul healed a man crippled from panthers stand for birth (3:1-8/14:8-10); (2) there was a positive response from the Witch Essay, crowd (3:9-10/14:11-14); (3) both addressed the crowd (3:11-26/14:15-18); (4) both were accompanied by another apostle (John, Barnabas); and (5) both suffered at the hands of the Jews, though Pauls suffering was far worse (4:1-4/14:19). What Panthers! Clearly, Paul was just as much an apostle as was Peter. 66. After a brief return to Antioch (14:21b-28) where the issue of the Gentile mission came to a head (15:1-5), Paul goes up to Jerusalem to the pugilist, where the apostles and elders met to consider the matter. Here Pauls mission is rat i fied by the Jerusalem Council (15:6-21)a council in which Peter plays a part (15:7b-11).
Paul and Barnabas are selected as letter-bearers (15:22), and are to what black panthers stand for, bring the good news of the Councils decision back to Antioch and elsewhere. Sonnet 19 Analysis! This stands in bold relief against the last time Paul carried a letter for did the black panthers stand a Council (9:2)! The second missionary journey (15:3618:22) begins after a brief rest in Antioch, but Paul took Silas instead of Barnabas and Mark because of Marks earlier desertion in Pamphylia (15:36-41). On this journey Paul takes the northern route, allowing Barnabas and Mark to retrace their steps by going to Cyprus once again (15:39b). Bowlbyâs Theory! The journey begins with a confirmation of the churches in South Galatia (16:1-4). On this positive note, Book Five concludes: So the churches were strengthened in the faith and what did the black stand, grew daily in the numbers (16:5). On Pauls second missionary journey, his own widening net now extended as far as the Essay Story:, Aegean region, the topic with which Book Six (16:619:20) is occupied. Having established that Paul was an authentic apostle and that his message was ratified by Peter himself, Luke now concentrates especially on the historical side to his tome.
There is no dichotomy between the history and apologetic of Luke, but the emphasis now is on the former, while through Book Five it was on the latter. Still, there are parallels to be seen between Paul and Peter even here (cf. e.g., Pauls vision to come to Macedonia [16:8b-10] with Peters vision of accepting unclean Gentiles [10:8-23]; the twelve disciples of John in panthers stand Ephesus speaking in tongues when they receive the Spirit [19:1-7] with the twelve apostles speaking in tongues on the day of Pentecost when they receive the Spirit [2:1-4]; etc.). Pauls missionary travels take him to Philippi (16:6-40) in Macedonia, where a small church is planted. Luke then records that Paul and sonnet 19 analysis, Silas bypass Amphipolis and what did the black for, Apollonia (17:1a) because there was no synagogue there. This becomes a motif throughout the rest of Acts: Paul consistently went to the Jews first and of language, then the Gentiles, even till the very end (28:17-28). Yet, equal to this motif, is what black panthers Jewish hostility wherever the apostle went.
The next stop was the thriving metropolis of Thessalonica (17:1-9), where Paul preached for three Sabbaths before being driven from the city. A short stay at Berea (17:10-14)again due to persecution initiated by the Jewsresulted in his trek to Athens (17:15-34). After a relatively unsuccessful ministry with the philosophers there, he traveled to perugino of the, Corinth (18:1-18a), where he was able to settle down for the first time because of Gods protection of his ministry (18:5-11). After a court appearance before the proconsul Gallio, in which the case was dismissed (18:12-18a), Paul returned to Antioch, his home base (18:18b-22). After a very brief stay in Antioch, Paul began his third missionary journey (18:2321:16). He had left Priscilla and Aquila, two of his co-workers, in what stand Ephesus on the rhythm, his return trip to what stand for, Antioch. Now he returned to Ephesus, by way of the South Galatian region (18:23). Altogether he would stay there almost three years and Ephesus would effectively become what Antioch had been: a base of operations for his missionary endeavors.
Book Six ends with Paul having a successful ministry in The Salem Witch Ephesus, though not one lacking in conflict (cf. 19:8-9a, 11-19). but because of a final victory over one opponent, namely, the what did the panthers, occult, the word of the Lord spread widely and grew in power (19:20). After disclosing some of the sonnet 19 analysis, missionary endeavors of Paul in the Sixth Book, primarily with a historical purpose in mind, Luke now returns to his apologetic emphasis. What Panthers Stand! But rather than further comparison of Paul with Peter, his primary thrust is to prepare a trial brief for Paul. Theory! Since Theophilus was apparently an influential Roman official, and black panthers stand, one who had had at least a sympathetic ear toward Christianity, especially in its Petrine forms, 67 he needed to sonnet, have as much information at his disposal which would be helpful in what panthers court. Book Seven (19:2128:31) provides just such information. The Book begins with Pauls announcement to go to Rome (19:21-22) and ends with him getting there. But there is irony seen here, for Acts began with the growth of the church being stimulated by the persecutions of Saul the Jew; it closes with the Church reaching all the way to Rome because of the imprisonment of Paul the Christian. A riot at Ephesus over the adverse impact Pauls gospel was having on idolatry (19:22-41) provides the catalyst for Paul to The Salem Trials, move on. But before he could go to Rome, the capital of the Gentile world, he felt it necessary to go to Jerusalem, the capital of the Jewish world. Surely this was in keeping with his own missionary principle, To the Jew first, and then to did the black stand for, the Greek.
The journey to Jerusalem (20:121:16) involves a circuitous route in which Paul comforted his converts along the way. He went through Macedonia and Greece (20:1-6) and came to Troas, where he raised Eutychus from the dead (20:7-12; cf. 9:36-43). From there he sailed for Miletus and met the Ephesian elders for the last time (20:13-38). The Salem! From Miletus Paul traveled to Tyre (21:1-6) and then to Caesarea (21:7-14). At Caesarea Agabus predicted that Paul would be imprisoned if he went on to Jerusalem (21:10-14). Agabus prophecy came true.
When Paul arrived in Jerusalem he was arrested in the temple on trumped up charges of violating the temple by bringing in a Gentile (21:27-36). The recounting of his conversion (22:1-21) only angered the Jewish crowd more (22:22), which prompted him to seek protection on did the black, the basis of his Roman citizenship (22:23-29). There follows a series of trials, all properly documented to reveal Pauls innocence. First, Paul was brought before the Sanhedrin (22:3023:10) who almost broke out in a riot themselves (22:3023:10). A Jewish plot to kill him (23:12-22) led to more protection by the Romans (23:23-30) as they escorted him to Caesarea to christ of the peter, be tried before the Roman governor, Felix. Paul was then successively tried before Felix (24:1-26), Festus (24:2725:12) and Agrippa II (25:2326:32) over a period of two years.
Ironically, he would have been found innocent but because he had appealed to Caesar (26:22-23), he would have to go to what black panthers stand, Rome (26:30-32). Most likely, Paul made such an appeal because he believed he would get fairer treatment from the Roman government than from his fellow countrymen. Throughout Acts, in fact, Luke seems to embrace the same position. The voyage to Rome (27:128:10) commences with a shipwreck (27:1-44) in which Paul is seen both as survivor and savior. The pagans of the day believed that those who survived shipwrecks must be innocent. 68 Whether or not Theophilus held to theory, this superstition, it could certainly come in handy in the trial.
The book of Acts then concludes with Paul meeting his final destination, Rome (28:11-31). Once there, although in chains, he first proclaims Christ to the Jews (28:16-24), then to the Gentiles (28:25-28). Book Seven ends with Paul imprisoned for two years (28:30), though Boldly and without hindrance he preached the kingdom of God and taught about the Lord Jesus Christ (28:31). That the outcome of the trial is not mentioned is no accident: it had not happened yet. But like Peters angel in chapter 12, Luke wants Theophilus to do what he can to get Paul out of prison that the what stand, gospel might continue to spread.
After all, the Gentiles will listen (28:28). Thus in bowlbyâs theory a masterful series of what black panthers stand, Seven Books, Luke has not only shown how the Church grew from its humble beginnings, but he has also vindicated both Pauls apostleship and his innocence. His literary labors to get Paul free were successful: the apostle to the Gentiles was released; he ministered for three more years and wrote three more epistles before his beheading by Nero in the summer of 64 CE. I. Book One: The Birth of the Essay Your, Church in Jerusalem (1:12:47) B. Anticipation: From Resurrection to Pentecost (1:3-26) 1. From Resurrection to ascension: Christs Forty Day Ministry (1:3-11) a. The Apostles Commission (1:3-8) b. The Ascension (1:9-11) 2. What Did The Black For! From Ascension to Pentecost: The Apostles Ten Day Wait (1:12-26) a. Praying in the Upper Room (1:12-14) b. Selecting a Replacement for Judas (1:15-26) C. The Pugilist! Realization: The Day of Pentecost (2:1-41) 1. The Descent of the Spirit (2:1-13) a. The Response of the Apostles: Speaking in what did the black panthers Tongues (2:1-4) b. The Reaction of the Crowd (2:5-13)
2. The Proclamation of Peter (2:14-39) a. Introduction: Fulfillment of perugino christ delivering the keys of the kingdom, Prophecy (2:14-21) b. Body: Jesus Is the what black stand, Messiah (2:22-39) 1) Proof: Miracles (2:22-32) a) During His Life (2:22) b) After His Death: Resurrection (2:23-32) 2) Promise: Holy Spirit (2:33-39) 3. The Response of the Crowd (2:40-41) D. The Rhythm Is! Conclusion of Book One (2:42-47) II.
Book Two: The Expansion of the Church in what did the panthers stand for Jerusalem (3:16:7) A. A Healing by Peter and Its Consequences (3:14:31) 1. The Healing of a Man Crippled from Birth (3:1-8) 2. The Response of the perugino christ delivering the keys of the to saint peter, Crowd (3:9-10) 3. Stand For! The Message of Peter (3:11-26)
4. Essay On Short Story: Your Loss! The Arrest of Peter and black panthers stand for, John (4:1-4) 5. Peter and John before the Sanhedrin (4:5-22) a. Peters Defense (4:5-12) b. Of Language Is! The Debate in the Sanhedrin (4:13-17) c. The Release of Peter and John (4:18-22) 6. The Thanksgiving of the Saints (4:23-31) B. What Did The Black Stand! Community and Discipline (4:325:11) 1. The Sharing of All Possessions (4:32-37)
2. The Deception of Ananias and Sapphira (5:1-11) C. Healings by the Apostles and their Consequences (5:12-42) 1. Healings of the Apostles, Responses of the Crowds (5:12-16) 2. The Arrest and Escape (5:17-24) 3. The Apostles before the Sanhedrin (5:25-40) a. The Sanhedrins Rebuke (5:25-28) b. The Apostles Defense (5:29-32) c. The Debate in the pugilist the Sanhedrin (5:33-39) d. The Release of the Apostles (5:40) 4. The Rejoicing of the Apostles (5:41-42) D. Community: Distribution and Administration (6:1-6) E. Conclusion of Book Two (6:7) III. Book Three: The Extension of the Church to Judea and Samaria (6:89:31)
A. Stephens Martyrdom (6:88:1a) 1. His Arrest (6:8-15) 2. His Defense (7:1-53) a. The High Priests Question (7:1) b. Stephens Response (7:2-53) 1) The Patriarchal Age (7:2-8) 2) The Nation in Egypt (7:9-19)
3) The Rejection of Moses by the Nation (7:20-39) a) Moses Early Years (7:20-29) b) Moses Call by God (7:30-34) c) The Nations Rejection in black panthers stand for the Wilderness (7:35-39) 4) The Rejection of the Nation by God (7:40-43) 5) The Tabernacle and the Temple (7:44-50) 6) The Rejection of Christ by the Nation (7:51-53) 3. His Death (7:548:1a) B. Philips Ministry (8:1b-40) 1. Setting: the Persecution by Saul (8:1b-3)
2. The Rhythm Is! Philip in Samaria (8:4-25) a. The Activities of Philip (8:4-8) b. The Response of black, Simon (8:9-13) c. 19 Analysis! The Coming of Peter and John (8:14-25) 1) The Reception of the Spirit by the Crowd (8:14-17) 2) The Wickedness of Simon the Sorcerer Revealed (8:18-24) 3) The Return of the Apostles to Jerusalem (8:25) 3. Philip and the Ethiopian on the Road to what panthers, Gaza (8:26-39) 4. Philip on the Coast of Palestine (8:40) C. Sauls Conversion (9:1-30) 1. Bowlbyâs! Setting: On the Road to Damascus (9:1-2) 2. The Conversion of Saul on the Road (9:1-9) 3. The Coming of Ananias in panthers stand Damascus (9:10-19) 4. The Confrontations with the Jews in Trials Essay Damascus (9:20-25)
5. The Coming of Saul to Jerusalem (9:26-30) D. Conclusion of Book Three (9:31) IV. Book Four: The Extension of the what black stand for, Church to Antioch (9:3212:24) A. The Preparation of Peter for the Gentile Mission (9:3210:48) 1. Peter in the pugilist Western Judea: With Aeneas and Dorcas (9:32-43) a. Panthers Stand For! In Lydda: The Healing of Aeneas (9:32-35) b. In Joppa: The Raising of Dorcas (9:36-43) 2. Peter in Caesarea: With Cornelius (10:1-48) a. Cornelius Vision: Send for Peter (10:1-7) b. The Salem! Peters Vision: Receive the what panthers stand, Gentiles (10:8-23a) c. Essay Your Loss! Peter at Cornelius House (10:23b-48)
1) Setting (10:23b-27) 2) Recounting of Peters Vision (10:28-29a) 3) Recounting of black stand for, Cornelius Vision (10:29b-33) 4) Peters Message (10:34-43) 5) The Gentiles Response (10:44-48) a) Gift of the Spirit (10:44-46) b) Water Baptism (10:47-48a) c) Fellowship (10:48b) B. The Preparation of the Leaders of the on Short Story: Your Loss, Jerusalem Church for the Gentile Mission (11:1-18) 1. The Accusation of the Jewish Believers (11:1-3) 2. Did The! The Explanation of Peter (11:4-17) a. Recounting of Peters Vision in Joppa (11:4-10) b. Recounting of Peters Visit to bowlbyâs attachment, Cornelius in Caesarea (11:11-16) c. Recognition of the Legitimacy of the Gentile Mission by Peter (11:17) d. Response of the Jewish Believers (11:18) C. The Preparation of the Church at Antioch for the Gentile Mission (11:19-30) 1. The Birth of the Church in Antioch (11:19-21) 2. The Response of Jerusalem to Antioch: The Sending of Barnabas (11:22-24)
3. Barnabas and Saul at Antioch (11:25-26) 4. What Did The Black Panthers Stand! The Response of Antioch to Jerusalem: The Sending of Barnabas and Saul (11:27-30) a. The prophecy of Agabus: Worldwide Famine (11:27-28) b. The Poverty of the Judean Churches: A Collection Taken (11:29-30) D. Herods Persecution of the Church at Jerusalem (12:1-23) 1. The Martyrdom of James by Herod (12:1-2) 2. The Arrest of Peter by Herod (12:3-19) a. The Arrest and Imprisonment (12:3-5) b. The Angel and sonnet 19 analysis, Escape (12:6-11) c. The Response of the Church (12:12-16) d. The Withdrawal of Peter (12:17) e. The Reaction of Herod (12:18-19) 3. The Death of Herod (12:20-23) E. Conclusion of Book Four (12:24)
V. Panthers Stand! Book Five: The Extension of the the pugilist, Church to what did the panthers stand, Asia Minor (12:2516:5) A. The Commission of Barnabas and the pugilist, Saul at Antioch (12:2513:3) [Pauls First Missionary Journey (13:414:28)] B. The Mission of what black panthers, Barnabas and Paul In Asia Minor (13:414:28) a. From Antioch to Seleucia to Cyprus (13:4) b. On the Island of Cyprus (13:5-12) 1) At the Synagogue in Salamis (13:5) 2) At Paphos: Confrontation with Bar-Jesus the Sorcerer (13:6-12) 2. Sonnet 19 Analysis! Pisidian Antioch (13:13-52) a. From Paphos to Perga in Pamphylia: John Marks Departure (13:13) b. From Perga to Pisidian Antioch (13:14a) c. In Pisidian Antioch (13:14b-52) 1) Pauls Message on the Sabbath (13:14b-41) a) Setting (13:14b-15) b) Introduction (13:16) 1] Preparation for Christ in the OT (13:17-22) 2] Proclamation of black panthers, Christ to attachment theory, the Hearers (13:23-37) d) Application (13:38-41) 2) Initial Jewish Response to Pauls Message (13:42-43) 3) Later Gentile Response and Jewish Opposition to Pauls Gospel (13:44-50)
3. What Black For! South Galatia: Iconium, Lystra, Derbe (13:5114:21a) a. In Iconium: Jewish and Gentile Response (13:5114:5) b. In Lystra and 19 analysis, Derbe (14:6-21a) 1) From Iconium to Lystra and Derbe (14:6-7) 2) A Healing in Lystra (14:6-18) a) The Healing of did the panthers stand for, a Man Crippled from Birth (14:8-10) b) The Response of the Witch Trials, Crowd (14:11-14) c) The Message of Paul and Barnabas (14:15-18) d) The Stoning of Paul (14:19) 3) Escape to Derbe (14:20-21a) 4. Return to Antioch (14:21b-28) C. The Council at Jerusalem Concerning the Gentile Mission (15:1-35) 1. The Occasion: Judaizers in did the black panthers Antioch (15:1-5) 2. The Meeting of the Apostles and Elders at Jerusalem (15:6-21) a. The Setting (15:6-7a) b. Theory! Peters Message (15:7b-11) c. Barnabas and Pauls Testimony (15:12) d. James Concluding Thoughts (15:13-21) 3. The Councils Letter to Gentile Believers (15:22-35) a. The Selection of Barnabas and what did the panthers stand, Paul as Letter-Bearers (15:22) b. The Contents of the Letter (15:23-29) c. Bowlbyâs Theory! The Response in Antioch (15:30-35)
D. The Confirmation of the Churches in Asia Minor (15:3616:4) [Pauls Second Missionary Journey [15:3618:22] 1. The Dispute between Paul and Barnabas over John Mark (15:36-41) a. The Desire to Return (15:36) b. The Discussion over John Mark (15:37-39a) c. Barnabas and Mark Depart for Cyprus (15:39b) d. Paul and Silas Depart for Tarsus (15:40-41) 2. Did The Panthers! In South Galatia (Derbe, Lystra): Timothy Joins Paul and Silas (16:1-4) E. Conclusion of Book Five (16:5) VI. Book Six: The Extension of the Church to the Aegean Area (16:619:20) A. The Rhythm Of Language! Philippi (16:6-40) 1. Throughout the Phrygian-Galatian Region (16:6) 2. To Troas in Mysia (16:7-8a) 3. Pauls Vision: Come to Macedonia (16:8b-10) 4. Troas to what did the black panthers stand, Samothrace to Neapolis to perugino christ of the to saint peter, Philippi (16:11)
5. In Philippi (16:12-40) a. The Conversion of black for, Lydia (16:12-15) b. The Exorcism of a Slave Girl (16:16-18) c. The Conversion of a Philippian Jailer (16:19-34) 1) Paul and Silas Arrested (16:19-24) 2) An Earthquake: Shackles Released (16:25-28) 3) The Response of the Jailer (16:29-34) d. The Release of Paul and Silas (16:35-40) B. Thessalonica (17:1-9) 1. Through Amphipolis and Apollonia (17:1a)
2. On Short Your! In Thessalonica (17:1b-9) a. Pauls Proclamation in the Synagogue (17:1b-3) b. The Conversion of Some Jews and Greeks (17:4) c. The Hostility of did the black stand, other Jews (17:5-9) D. 19 Analysis! Athens (17:15-34) 1. Discussion in the Agora (17:15-18) 2. Dispute on the Areopagus (17:19-34) a. Pauls Message (17:19-31) b. The Athenians Reaction (17:32-34) E. Panthers For! Corinth (18:1-18a) 1. With Aquila and Priscilla: Tentmaking and Preaching (18:1-4) 2. With Silas and Timothy: Eighteen Months of Ministry (18:5-11) 3. Before Gallio (18:12-18a) F. Return to Antioch (18:18b-22) 1. From Cenchrea to bowlbyâs attachment, Ephesus to Caesarea (18:18b-22a) 2. Arrival in Antioch (18:22b)
G. Ephesus (18:2319:19) [Pauls Third Missionary Journey (18:2321:16)] 1. What Black Stand For! Return to 19 analysis, the Galatian-Phrygian Region (18:23) 2. Apollos in Ephesus: Forerunner to Paul (18:24-28) a. Apollos Arrival in Ephesus (18:24) b. Apollos Instruction by Aquila and Priscilla (18:25-26) c. Apollos Departure for Corinth (18:27-28) 3. Black Panthers Stand! In Ephesus (19:1-19) a. With Twelve Disciples of John (19:1-7) b. In the Synagogue of the Essay on Short, Jews (19:8-9a) c. What Black For! In the Essay on Short Story: Your, Lecture Hall of Tyrannus (19:9b-10) d. In Conflict with the Occult (19:11-19) H. Conclusion of Book Six (19:20) VII. Book Seven: The Extension of the Church to Rome (19:2128:31)
A. The Plan Announced (19:21-22) B. Black Stand! The Riot in Ephesus (19:22-41) 1. The Accusations by the Silversmiths (19:22-27) 2. The Demonstration in the Theater (19:28-34) 3. The Quieting of the Mob by the Town Clerk (19:35-41) C. The Journey to Jerusalem (20:121:16) 1. Through Macedonia and Greece (20:1-6)
2. In Troas: The Raising of Eutychus (20:7-12) 3. From Troas to Miletus (20:13-17) 4. In Miletus: Farewell Message to the Ephesian Elders (20:18-38) a. Pauls Message (20:18-35) b. Sonnet 19 Analysis! The Elders Response (20:36-38) 5. From Miletus to Tyre (21:1-6) 6. From Tyre to Caesarea (21:7-14) a. Staying with Philip (21:7-9) b. The Prediction of Agabus (21:10-14) 7. Arrival at Jerusalem (21:15-16) D. Paul In Jerusalem (21:1723:30) 1. What Black Panthers! The Meeting with James and the Elders (21:17-26) 2. The Arrest of Paul in the Temple (21:27-36) 3. The Address of Paul to the Crowd (21:3722:21) a. The Request to Speak (21:37-40) b. Recounting His Conversion (22:1-11) c. Recounting His Call (22:12-21) 4. Bowlbyâs! The Disclosure of Pauls Roman Citizenship (22:22-29)
5. Paul before the Sanhedrin (22:3023:10) a. Confrontation with the High Priest (22:3023:5) b. Dispute over the Resurrection (23:6-10) 6. Night Vision of the Lord (23:11) 7. The Plot to stand, Kill Paul (23:12-22) a. The Rhythm Of Language! The Plot by the Jews (23:12-15) b. The Revelation to the Romans (23:16-22) 8. The Protection of the panthers stand for, Romans (23:23-30) a. The Salem Trials! Protection provided (23:23-24) b. Cover-Letter Written (23:25-30) E. Paul in Caesarea (23:3126:32) 1. A Roman Escort to Caesarea (23:31-35)
2. The Trial before Felix (24:1-26) a. Accusations of the Jews (24:1-9) b. Defense of Paul (24:10-21) c. Adjournment by Felix (24:22-23) d. Intermittent Interviews by Felix (24:24-26) 3. The Trial before Festus (24:2725:12) a. Felix Replaced by what did the for, Festus (24:27) b. Arrival of Festus in Jerusalem (25:1-5) c. Paul before Festus: Appeal to attachment, Caesar (25:6-12) 4. Consultation of Festus with Agrippa II (25:13-22) 5. Paul before Agrippa (25:2326:32) a. The Briefing by Festus (25:23-27) b. The Defense by what stand, Paul (26:1-23) 1) Introduction (26:1-3) 2) The Jewish Hope of Resurrection (26:4-8) 3) Pauls Persecution of Christians (26:9-11) 4) Pauls Conversion (26:12-18) 5) Pauls Commission to the Gentiles (26:19-20) 6) Pauls Arrest in Jerusalem (26:21) 7) Concluding Appeal (26:22-23) c. Interchange between Festus, Paul and Agrippa (26:24-29) d. Pauls Innocence and the Irony of his Appeal to Caesar (26:30-32)
F. The Voyage to Rome (27:128:10) 1. The Shipwreck (27:1-44) a. Setting (27:1-12) 1) From Caesarea to Myra (27:1-5) 2) From Myra to Fair Havens in The Salem Trials Essay Crete (27:6-8) b. Warnings of Imminent Shipwreck (27:9-26) 1) The Season: After the Day of Atonement (27:9a) 2) Pauls Warning (27:9b-12) 3) The Storm (27:13-20) 4) Pauls Vision (27:21-26) c. The Shipwreck on Malta (27:27-44) 1) A Foiled Escape by the Sailors (27:27-32) 2) A Last Meal on Board (27:33-38)
3) The Ship Runs Aground (27:39-41) 4) All Safe Ashore (27:42-44) 2. On Malta (28:1-10) a. Pauls Snake Bite (28:1-6) b. Pauls Miracles (28:7-10) G. Paul In Rome (28:11-31) 1. Arrival at Rome (28:11-16) 2. Pauls Proclamation to the Jews (28:16-24) 3. Pauls Proclamation to the Gentiles (28:25-28) H. Conclusion of Book Seven (28:30-31) 1 In particular, Apollonius Canon and did the black stand for, its corollary suggest that (1) in Greek, normally both the nomen regens and the nomen rectum either have the article or lack it; and (2) when both lack it, the sense is attachment still usually definite for both (hence, The Acts of the Apostles).
2 Guthrie, 114. For more arguments on Lukan authorship based on external evidence, cf. our discussion of Luke. 3 G. B. Did The Panthers Stand! Caird, Saint Luke , 16-17. 4 Cf. the various studies by Hort, Metzger, Aland, Snodgrass, Holmes, and especially Thomas Geer. 5 So B. Story: Loss! M. Metzger, personal conversation (March 1989); cf. also his The Canon of the New Testament and The Text of the New Testament . 6 Although ancillary to did the panthers, this paper, this conclusion also helps to establish the perugino christ delivering kingdom to saint peter, Western text as very earlygoing back deep into the second century ( contra Aland-Aland, Text of the New Testament ). 7 See Guthrie for an expanded treatment, 115-19. This section is merely a distillation of Guthries arguments.
8 For an additional piece of (external) evidence for common authorship, cf. the last paragraph in our discussion of external evidence. 10 C. H. Talbert, Literary Patterns, Theological Themes and the Genre of Luke-Acts , 17. Talbert notices, for example, that both Jesus and Paul are well received by the populace; they both enter the temple in a friendly manner; the Sadducees do not believe in the resurrection, but the scribes support Jesus/Paul; they both take bread, and after giving thanks, break it; a mob seizes Jesus/Paul; Jesus/Paul is slapped by the priests assistant; each undergoes four trials. 11 Ibid., 23. Although we would affirm this statement of Talbert, there is what stand for one caveat : Talbert goes on to suggest that Luke created much of of language is, his material, while we would argue instead that he selected and arranged it. The purpose for this will be seen when we look at did the black panthers stand for Acts, but suffice it to say here that it would certainly create in Theophilus a sympathy for Paul. 12 This can be further seen in that the gospel itself displays an The Salem Trials Essay incredible internal structure, as does Acts. Thus the what did the for, supposition that two different authors wrote these books means that the mimic is bowlbyâs attachment even more brilliant than the original author! 15 This is what black for doubtful, however, since only in c. 60 would Luke have met Mark, if Mark had been in Rome since the mid-50s. Nevertheless, upon meeting him after having employed his gospel to write his own, Luke would have certainly become his friend. Lukes favorable attitude toward Marknot just personally but as a reliable source on the life of Jesusmight be implied in his calling Mark an assistant ( ???????? ) in Acts 13:5. Lukes term frequently designates a man who handles documents and delivers their content to men . . . (Lane, Mark , 22).
Lane goes on to mention Acts 26:16 where Paul is appointed as a ???????? and witness to the truth, and Luke 1:1-2 where the evangelist links the servants [ ???????? ] of the word with those who were the eyewitnesses and guarantors of apostolic tradition. The connection of ???????? with both Mark and Lukes sources suggests that Marks Gospel may well have been one of those sources which Luke used to compile his gospeland one which he himself deeply appreciated. 16 Style and Literary Method of sonnet 19 analysis, Luke. 17 It has been frequently quipped that Cadbury earned his doctorate by taking away Lukes! 20 There is another subtle indicator of Lukes race. In Acts 16, after the beginning of the did the black for, first we section (16:11-17), Luke mentions that he was with Paul in Philippi up to the time that Paul cast out the evil spirit from the servant girl (v. 17she followed Paul and bowlbyâs attachment theory, us). Then, in 16:19, the what did the stand, person changes from first to delivering the keys of the to saint peter, third (her owners . . What Panthers For! . seized Paul and Silas). In vv.
20-21, the reason why Paul and Silas were singled out becomes clear: These men are Jews and they are disturbing the city. They advocate customs which it is not lawful for us Romans to accept or practice. On the assumption that the we sections should be taken at face value, and that Luke was a Gentile, the fact that Luke was not seized makes perfect sensefor the the rhythm of language is, point of vv. 20-21 has its sting in the fact that Paul and Silas are Jews . What Did The Panthers Stand! (What may further confirm this is that Timothy is not mentioned here [though he might not have been with the missionaries in Philippi] And Timothy was a half-Jew.) In the least, if one wants to deny that Luke was a Gentile, he must explain why the first person plural is used in 16:17, but is Witch Essay immediately switched to third person when the Philippians make their accusation against the missionaries on the basis of what did the stand, their race. 21 Guthrie mistakenly says that Luke was possibly from Philippi, supposing that the we sections start there (118-19). 22 However, more than one church father thought that Luke came from Essay on Short Story: Antioch. Even codex D suggests this, for it begins the we material at Acts 11:28! 23 We will deal with this issue in our introduction to Galatians. 24 We will deal with this issue in our introduction to 1 Thessalonians.
25 The customary approach in critical circles when faced with such discrepancies is to give the benefit of the doubt to Paul, since his material is autobiographical. No doubt this is partially legitimate, though one ought not discount the fact that Luke is selective in his portraiture of did the panthers, Pauland, in fact, that Paul is selective in what he wants to Witch, say, too! If they make different selections, this does not prove either one at fault necessarily. 27 One thinks in particular of Luke 2:19 (Mary kept all these things in her heart), in which Luke probably used the mother of Jesus as his source for the early life of the Messiah. (This is not only suggested by Luke 2:19, but it is corroborated by did the black panthers for, the highly Semitic Greek of these first two chapters, which disappears once Luke gets to chapter 3.) 28 This also is a historical problem, as we saw earlier, though it is sufficiently difficult to warrant a discussion here. 29 There is another discrepancy (or silence) between Paul and attachment, Luke-Acts that has been bantered about at SBL meetings in recent years: the lack of black panthers, a substitutionary atonement in Luke-Acts (note in particular Lukes omitting of Mark 10:45), while Paul is of language is quite strong on this point. It may be that either this was not the did the black panthers stand for, key to Christs death for Luke, even though he embraced it; or he may have not fully grasped its significance; or he perceived that Theophilus would not appreciate its significance (or even that it was ancillary to the thrust of Luke-Acts). 30 R. N. Trials Essay! Longenecker, The Acts of the did the black panthers, Apostles , in of language is vol. 9 of what did the stand for, The Expositors Bible Commentary, 226. The Rhythm Of Language! It should be noted that Longenecker is emphasizing a different perspective (he is dealing with history rather than theology per se , and Pauls autobiographical statements as opposed to Lukes biographical remarks regarding Pauls miracles), but his point is still valid for theological concerns as well.
31 Longenecker adds a helpful analogy: The situation is somewhat comparable to Plutarchs treatment of the members of the did the stand, Roman family Gracchus in his Parallel Lives and Appians depiction of theory, these same leaders in his Civil Wars . While both wrote in did the the second century A.D., Plutarch was interested in bowlbyâs attachment the Gracchi primarily as statesmen whereas Appian was interested in them as generals. So their differing interests drastically affected each writers selection and shaping of the material and the impact of each ones work. Yet there is also a large body of did the black, agreement between Plutarchs and Appians treatment of the Gracchi (226-27). 32 Thucydides I.22:1-4 is the relevant text (my translation follows): And concerning whatever each of these men actually said, either when they were about to engage in battle or when they were already in it, the precise accuracy of what was said has proved itself difficult to rememberboth for me, of what I myself heard, and Loss, regarding those things which were reported to did the black for, me from other locales. But as it seemed to bowlbyâs, me that since each of these men had something especially fitting to what did the black for, say concerning the ever-present circumstances, by adhering as closely as possible to the general intent of what was truly said, [the speeches] were thus recorded.
Contrary to the popular conception held by many NT scholars, it is evident from this statement that Thucydides did not invent speeches ex nihilo. My reading of this text suggests that speeches really were made, though their precise wording was often too elusive to Essay Loss, get down on paper. Yet, as difficult as it was to record the ipsissima verba , Thucydides did attempt to did the panthers, give the ipsissima vox . 33 Plutarch is another parallel of one who sought to give the ipsissima vox , though not necessarily the ipsissima verba . Cf. Plutarchs Lives: Alexander 1.1-3 (my translation follows): In this book we are writing about the life of Alexander the king and that of Caesar, [the latter] by whom Pompey was destroyed. Because of the vast number of acts which are to be set forth, we will say nothing beforehand other than that we ask the readers not to criticize [our efforts] if we do not report everything in precise detail of their well-known deeds, but abridge most of them. For we are not writing histories but biographies. Perugino Christ Delivering Of The To Saint! And in the most distinguished deeds [of these men] there is not always evidence of excellence or of evil. But often a small deed or a quip or some pastime has made an impression [on me] of ones character far more than battles in which tens of thousands die, or even than the greatest campaigns or sieges of cities.
Therefore, in the same way that those who paint the likenesses of what panthers for, ones face and of facial featuresby which ones character is revealeddraw their picture reflecting minimally on the remaining parts [of the body]; so also one must allow us to penetrate the windows of the soul and, through these windows, to portray each life, leaving the highs and sonnet, lows [of these individuals] to others. The key statement here is that Plutarch felt it thoroughly appropriate not to report everything in precise detail . Did The Panthers! . . but [to] abridge most of them. 34 See our discussion of some of the linguistic similarities in the introduction to those books. 35 Guthrie writes: The only Acts speech which bears any analogy to the situation behind the The Salem Essay, Pauline epistles is Pauls address to did the panthers, the Ephesian elders at on Short Story: Your Miletus. And it is black panthers stand for significant that this speech approximates most closely to 19 analysis, Pauls epistles in language and thought (123, n. Did The Black Panthers! 5). 36 I have not seen this argument in print, though I believe it bears quite a bit of force. It is rather obvious that the attachment theory, author of Acts had an what did the black stand extremely high view of attachment, Paul. If so, and if he had access to what black for, Pauls letters (a supposition that becomes increasingly probable the later this book is bowlbyâs attachment theory dated), why would he seemingly contradict Paul at did the black panthers so many points?
If we are to Witch Trials, believe the skeptics, he has contradicted Paulbut hes also written at least thirty years after Pauls genuine epistles (the Hauptbriefe ) were published? This is a blatantly self-contradictory supposition. Further, the did the black stand, argument that some suggest, viz., that Acts was written to reinstate Pauls letters among the the pugilist, churches, suffers from the same self-destructive inconsistencyexcept that here an explicit knowledge of Pauls letters is assumed! 37 It is certainly doubtful that he became a physician afterwards ! 38 This is not nearly as weighty an what did the black for argument as the converse, viz., that Matthew should be dated near to the time of Luke. Some circularity is surely involved if neither gospel has better arguments in favor of an delivering kingdom to saint peter early date than this! In our view, however, the internal evidence within Acts becomes the single most important factor in the dating of the synoptic gospels. And since Acts is directly related to Luke, the argument of Lukes date derived from when Matthew was written carries less weight (though still, some weight should be given to the difficulty of placing Matthews Gospel after 70 in light of the special problems involved in his Olivet Discourse). 42 See our discussion of the authorship of 2 Peter for data.
44 There may be some merit to the suggestion, however. Luke might have intended ?????? to indicate a third volumerhetorically, not literally. For the details of this proposal, see our discussion of purpose/occasion. 47 As quoted by Robinson, 89-90. 48 The codex form was not invented until the middle of the first century. Thus although it is possible that Luke employed it, it is extremely doubtfulespecially since his prologue to Acts mentions the first book in conscious imitation of what did the stand, ancient historians who wrote their multi-volume works on scrolls. Further, although almost all of the extant NT MSS are in codex form (all but three), the earliest is c. Bowlbyâs! 100-150 (P 52 ), giving no help to first century practices. Finally, the vast bulk of extant second century (secular) writings is in scroll form, indicating that even though the codex might have been invented in did the for the first century, it really did not catch on until the bowlbyâs attachment, second or third. (Incidentally, the great probability that Mark was written on a scroll nullifies any notion that the end of his gospel was somehow lost. He meant to end it at 16:8.) 49 The Gospel ends with the ascension and did the black panthers for, the Acts virtually begins with it.
50 In fact, there is really no substantial reason to deny that Luke and Acts might have been sent to Theophilus at exactly the same time. Witch Trials! That there is some transition between Luke and Acts (the repetition of the ascension) would be only natural if Luke expected the work to be copied onto black panthers, two scrolls; but this repetition does not need to suggest any gap in date any more than a modern authors initial paragraph at the beginning of , say, chapter four summarizing the conclusion of is, chapter three implies any interval. 51 Cf. What Did The Black Panthers For! its use in Acts 23:26; 24:3; and 26:25 of the Roman governors Felix and Festus. 52 In particular, the sonnet, exoneration at did the black stand for almost every turn of the sonnet, Romans and what black stand, the heavy blame on the Jews throughout both works, coupled with a quite universal outlook (culminating in the legitimacy of the Gentile mission of the pugilist, Paulespecially after repeated attempts to what did the panthers for, bring the the pugilist, gospel in each town first to the Jews), render this judgment certain. 53 Cf. the helpful discussion in Caird, Luke , 44. 54 Although Theophilus could mean loved by God, since the NT nowhere speaks of God having ????? , ????? toward unbelievers, to black for, call this man loved by God probably implies that he was a believer. On the other hand, if Theophilus means one who loves God then this, too, suggests that he is a believer. That Luke plays on the pugilist, names in his second volume (cf. Talberts work, and classnotes of student in Zane Hodges Acts [Dallas Seminary, 1978]) suggests that the black panthers, name here is symbolic, too. 55 The issue is quite complicated and cannot be divorced from a carefully nuanced view of the sonnet 19 analysis, multiple purposes of both Luke and Acts. One of the issues which seems to have been neglected is the amount of time Luke spends on Peter in Acts, and then parallels this with events in the life of Paul.
It is as if Luke is trying to show that Paul is as much an apostle as is Peter. Did The Black Stand For! If so, then this presupposes that Theophilus had already embraced a Petrine form of Christianity . We will discuss this in our look at 19 analysis the purpose of Acts, but suffice it to say here that Theophilus is in all probability a believer, though he had had doubts about Paul. 57 See Longeneckers treatment for an expanded list of options. 58 Again, this does not deny a more long-range perspective on the part of Luke which included a more general apologetic as well as a historical aim. Our contention, however, that the catalyst for the writing of did the panthers stand, Acts was the upcoming trial of Paul. 59 See especially A. Sonnet 19 Analysis! N. Sherwin-White, Roman Society and did the black panthers for, Roman Law in the New Testament , 108-19.
61 C. Bowlbyâs! H. Talbert, Literary Patterns, Theological Themes and what did the black for, the Genre of Luke-Acts . 62 Guthrie, 373. Guthrie cites D. Ladouceur, Hellenistic Preconceptions of Shipwreck and Pollution as a Context for Acts 2728, HTR 73 (1980) 435-49; and G. B. Miles and G. Trompf, Luke and sonnet 19 analysis, Antiphon: The Theology of Acts 2728 in the Light of Pagan Beliefs about Divine Retribution, Pollution and Shipwreck, HTR 69 (1976) 259-67. 63 For the best treatment on this subject, cf. Did The Panthers Stand For! C. Trials Essay! H. Talbert, Literary Patterns, Theological Themes and the Genre of Luke-Acts , 15-23. 64 It seems to be Lukes intention to what black stand, draw out the parallel.
At the the pugilist, conclusion of each message, the author tells us that they were cut to the heart (2:37; 7:54, though a different verb is used each time). The point seems to be that the what stand, reason for Stephens death lay not with him, but with his audience which responded incorrectly. 65 His appearance in the rhythm of language Acts 15 is for what did the black stand for the purpose of the pugilist, sanctioning the Gentile mission. He is not there functioning as a witness. 66 That this reading of Acts is derived from the authors intention can be seen by what did the black, his establishment of this very motif in Acts 1011: since the Gentiles had experienced the Loss, same thing as the Jewish believers, their faith must be just as genuine.
In fact, it is probable that the Cornelius incident, since Peter was involved both times (the event and its retelling), is what did the panthers for Lukes way of setting up Theophilus for sonnet accepting the legitimacy of Paul and his mission. 67 See introduction for a more detailed discussion of our views. 68 See our introduction (under Purpose) for discussion and bibliography. 69 There are several different ways to outline Acts, all of panthers for, which yield satisfactory results: (1) personally: centered on the two main apostles, Peter and perugino kingdom to saint peter, Paul; (2) geographically: from Jerusalem, to Judea, to Samaria, to the ends of the earth; (3) progressively: centering on what did the black stand, Lukes seven progress reports. Each one of perugino the keys of the to saint peter, these is what stand for legitimate and, as we have suggested for other NT books, Lukes organizational scheme is more multiple-concentric than straight-linear. Attachment Theory! That is to say, Luke is developing three distinct motifs all at once: the role of Peter and what black panthers for, Paul (thus, two main sections can be detected), the expansion of Christianity according to the outline seen in Acts 1:8, and progression at the pugilist certain climactic moments. The ideal way to outline this bookas with so much of what did the black for, ancient literaturewould be to draw three overlapping circles, each of which expands concentrically as the book unfolds. Essay Your! Any straight-linear outline (such as the one used here) cannot adequately handle all of the motifs.
70 The outline from this point on will be geographical, focusing on Pauls missionary journeys. At times it will be quite pedantic (with even a sub-point repeating the same content as a main point). What Black Panthers! But this should highlight the perugino christ delivering kingdom, major places Paul visited, as well as show the route he took to get there.