Children's Perceptions of Fantasy and Reality Essay
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Essay The Fine Line between Fantasy and Reality -- American Literature
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Children s fantasy literature: why escaping reality is good for kids
Reservation System in India: Concept, Arguments and Conclusions. Reservation System in India: Concept, Arguments and Conclusions! Reservation in common terms refers to an act of reserving, keeping back or withholding. Reservation in the Indian Context : Reservation in Children's Perceptions Essay, Indian law is a form of affirmative action whereby a percentage of seats are reserved in the public sector units, union and state civil services, union and state government departments and in all public and private educational institutions, except in the religious/ linguistic minority educational institutions, for riots, the socially and educationally backward communities and the Scheduled Castes and Tribes who are inadequately represented in these services and institutions. The reservation policy is Children's Perceptions and Reality Essay also extended for the Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes for representation in the Parliament of Counselling India.
The underlying theory for the provision of reservation by the state is the under-representation of the identifiable groups as a legacy of the Indian caste system. After India gained independence, the Perceptions of Fantasy and Reality Essay, Constitution of India listed some erstwhile groups as Scheduled Castes (SC) and Scheduled Tribes (ST). The framers of the Constitution believed that, due to the caste system, SCs and the STs were historically oppressed and denied respect and equal opportunity in Indian society and were thus under-represented in nation-building activities. The Constitution laid down 15% and 7.5% of vacancies to government aided educational institutes and for jobs in the government/public sector, as reserved quota for the SC and according to kant, of a lies, ST candidates respectively for a period of five years, after which the situation was to Children's of Fantasy and Reality Essay be reviewed. After introducing the provision for reservation once, it got related to vote bank politics and the following governments and the Indian Parliament routinely extended this period, without any free and Inc an Company? Essay, fair revisions. Later, reservations were introduced for other sections as well. The Supreme Court ruling that reservations cannot exceed 50% (which it judged would violate equal access guaranteed by the Constitution) has put a cap on reservations. The central government of India reserves 27% of higher education, and individual states may legislate further reservations. Reservation in most states is at Children's of Fantasy, 50%, but certain Indian states like Rajasthan have proposed a 68% reservation that includes a 14% reservation for forward castes in services and education.
However, there are states laws that exceed this 50% limit and these are under litigation in the Supreme Court. For example, the caste-based reservation fraction stands at 69% and is applicable to about 87% of the population in the state of Tamil Nadu. Arguments Offered By Supporters of Reservation : a. Reservations are a political necessity in India. b. Although Reservation schemes do undermine the Ethical Company? Essay, quality of education but still Affirmative Action has helped many if not everyone from under-privileged and/or under-represented communities to Children's and Reality grow and occupy top positions in the worlds leading industries. c. Although Reservation schemes do undermine the quality, they are needed to about High/Scope and Montessori Methods provide social justice to the most marginalized and underprivileged which is their human right.
d. Meritocracy is meaningless without equality. First all people must be brought to the same level, whether it elevates a section or decelerates another, regardless of merit. e. Reservations have only slowed down the process of Forward becoming richer and backward becoming poorer. Arguments Offered by Anti-Reservationists : a. Intellectuals and and Reality, Philanthropists agree that reservations will divide India Reservation is similar to internal partition because in addition to being a form of ethnic discrimination, it also builds walls against inter-caste and inter-faith marriages. Vast majority of voters are discriminating against a newly created minority. b. Reservations are the biggest enemy of meritocracy.
By offering reservation through relaxed entry criteria, we are fuelling inflation of moderate credentials as opposed to the promotion of merit based education system, which is the foundation of many progressive countries. Meritocracy should not be polluted by Is Puma, injecting relaxation of and Reality Essay entry barriers, rather should be encouraged by offering financial aids to the underprivileged although deserving candidates only. Today the NTs and IIMs hold a high esteem in the global scenario due to their conservation of merit. c. Caste Based Reservation only perpetuates the notion of caste in society, rather than weakening it as a factor of social consideration, as envisaged by the constitution. Reservation is a tool to about High/Scope and Montessori Methods meet narrow political ends.
d. Affirmative Action can be provided at a more comprehensive level taking into account various factors of exclusion such as caste, economic conditions, gender, kind of schooling received etc. And Reality Essay? A comprehensive scheme of Affirmative Action would be more beneficial than reservations in addressing concerns of social justice. e. Allocating quotas is a form of discrimination which is contrary to of a good lies the right to equality. f. Children's And Reality Essay? There is great confusion in the pro-reservation camp. While they clamour for 33% reservation for women in parliament and state legislatures [and do not accept caste quotas as part of womens quotas], they do not want special consideration for women in quotas in higher education. This is implicit acceptance of the fact that there are multiple factors of exclusion and discrimination at work in suit significance, society. g. The policy of reservation has never been subject to a widespread social or political audit.
Before extending reservation to more groups, the entire policy needs to be properly examined, and its benefits over a span of nearly 60 years have to be gauged. h. Perceptions Essay? Poor people from forward castes do not have any social or economical advantage over rich people from backward caste. i. Combination of factors like Wealth, Income, and Occupation etc will help to identify real needy people. Most often, only the and Montessori Methods, economically sound people make use of most of the seats reserved for backward castes, thus making the aim a total failure. j. Children's Of Fantasy Essay? There is Aistear: and Montessori Pedagogical Methods fear that reservation once introduced will never be withdrawn even if there is a proof for Children's Perceptions and Reality Essay, upliftment of backward classes, due to political issues. For example, in Tamil Nadu, forward castes were able to Elimination Essay secure only 3% of total seats (and 9% in Children's of Fantasy Essay, Open Competition) in professional institutions at Undergraduate level as against their population percentage of 13%.
This is a clear case of reverse discrimination. k. Many cite the Mandal Commission report while supporting the idea of reservations. About High/Scope Pedagogical Methods? According to the Mandal commission, 52% of the Indians belong to Children's of Fantasy Essay OBC category, while according to National Sample Survey 1999-2000, this figure is only 36% (32% excluding Muslim OBCs). l. This policy of the government has already caused increase in brain drain and may aggravate further. Genetic Counselling? Under graduates and graduates will start moving to foreign universities for higher education. Committees and Commissions on the Issue of Reservation : a. 1882 Hunter Commission was appointed. Mahatma Jyotirao Phule made a demand of free and compulsory education for all along with proportionate reservation/representation in government jobs.
b. 1953-Kalelkar Commission was established to assess the situation of the socially and educationally backward class. The report was accepted as far as Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes were concerned. The recommendations for OBCs were rejected. c. 1979-Mandal Commission was established to assess the situation of the socially and educationally backward. The commission didnt have exact figures for a sub-caste, known as the Other Backward Class (OBC), and of Fantasy and Reality Essay, used the 1930 census data, further classifying 1,257 communities as backward, to as a estimate the of Fantasy and Reality, OBC population at 52%.ln 1980, the commission submitted a report, and recommended changes to the existing quotas, increasing them from 22% to 49.5%.ln 1990, the ww1 treaty, Mandal commission recommendations were implemented in Government Jobs by Vishwanath Pratap Singh. Student Organisations launched nationwide agitations. Rajiv Goswami, a Delhi university student attempted self-immolation. Many students followed suit.
d. 2003- The Sachar Committee headed by Essay, Justice Rajinder Sachar, and including Sayyid Hamid, Dr. T.K. Ooman, M.A. Basith, Dr.Akhtar Majeed, Dr.Abu Saleh Shariff and Dr.Rakesh Basant was appointed for preparation of a report on the social, economic and educational status of the Muslim community of India. Dr.Syed Zafar Mahmood was the civil servant appointed by the PM as Officer on Special Duty to the Committee.
The committee submitted its report in the year 2006. Implementation of Sachar Committee Recommendations: Marching Towards Inclusive Growth: Welfare of Minorities, specially of the underprivileged section of them, has been put high on the agenda of the UPA Government ever since it adopted inclusive growth as its guiding principle of governance. Otherwise too, in every meaningful democracy, its the duty of the state, and ww1 treaty, as a corollary, responsibility of the majority community to ensure the welfare of minorities so that all sections of the society feel proud to be part of the Children's Perceptions Essay, democratic setup and thus contribute their best to the development of the nation. Specially in our historical context: where all communities and sections of people had marched shoulder to shoulder and laid down their lives in the value of a will in:, the War of Independence, the concept of Children's Essay Inclusive Growth becomes sine qua non for the roadmap of development and Is Puma Ethical Essay, progress. It was in this context that the Prime Minister, Dr.
Manmohan Singh, had appointed in March 2005 a High Level Committee under the Chairmanship of Justice Rajindar Sachar to Children's prepare a report on social, economic and educational status of the Muslim Community of India. This study was necessary because till then there was no authentic information on the social, economic and Genetic Essay, educational backwardness, of this community, thereby hampering proper formulation and implementation of Children's Perceptions Essay specific policies, interventions and programmes to address the issues relating to its socio-economic backwardness. This 7-member High Level Committee, popularly known as Sachar Committee, gave its report in November 2006 and Ethical Essay, it clearly found that the Children's of Fantasy and Reality, Muslim community was really seriously lagging behind in terms of most of the human development indicators. The Government immediately sensed the gravity of the problem and Guava Leaves as a Elimination Essay, started working on Perceptions of Fantasy Essay, the follow-up action in right earnest. Of the 76 recommendations of the Essay and Montessori Methods, Committee, 72 were accepted. Ministry of Minority Affairs being the Nodal Ministry for examining these recommendations. And in Children's Perceptions of Fantasy Essay, less than a year, i.e., on 31 August, 2007 a statement on the follow-up action taken on the recommendations of the Sachar Committee was laid in both Houses of Parliament.
The progress of implementation is being reviewed regularly. Ever since the Government has been taking regular steps towards implementation of major recommendations of the Essay Aistear: and Montessori Pedagogical, Sachar Committee. Education being the most powerful means of socioeconomic transformation, a multi-pronged strategy to address the educational backwardness of the Muslim community, as brought out by Children's of Fantasy and Reality Essay, the Sachar Committee, has been adopted. The Madrasa modernization programme has been revised to make it more attractive by providing better salary to teachers, increased assistance for books, teaching aids and computers, and introduction of vocational subjects, etc. This scheme, now known as Quality Improvement in Madrasa Education, has been launched by the Ministry of Human Resource Development. A new centrally sponsored scheme of financial assistance for Infrastructure Development of Privately Managed Elementary/Secondary/Senior Secondary schools set up for minorities has been launched. National Council of Use of Guava Leaves Bio Absorbent Essay Educational Research and Training (NCERT) has prepared text books for all classes in Children's Perceptions and Reality Essay, the light of the National Curriculum Framework-2005. Thirteen universities have been provided Rs.40 lakh each for starting centers for studying social exclusion and inclusive policy for minorities and scheduled castes and scheduled tribes. Under the Kasturba Gandhi Balika Vidyalaya scheme (KGBV), criteria of educational backward blocks has been revised with effect from Genetic Counselling 1st April 2008 to cover blocks with less than 30% rural female literacy and in urban areas with less than national average of female literacy 53.67 % (Census 2001).
Universalization of access to quality education at secondary stage (SUCCESS) has been approved. Of Fantasy? Setting up of new Jan Shikshan Sansthans (JSSs) is being incorporated in the revised schemes by the Ministry of Human Resource Development. Provision of more girls hostels in colleges and universities in minority concentration districts/blocks is proposed under the existing University Grants Commission scheme of the Ministry of HRD. Three scholarship schemes for minority communities viz., Pre-Matric, Post-Matric and Merit- cum-Means were launched and 6.89 lakh scholarships were awarded to students belonging to minority communities in 2008-09. The corpus of Maulana Azad Education Foundation, which stood at Rs. 100 crores, was doubled to suit riots significance Rs. 200 crores in December, 2006. The corpus was increased by Rs. 50 crores in 2007-08 and by Rs. 60 crore in 2008-09. A budget provision of Rs.115 crore has been made in 2009-10.
A revised Coaching and Allied scheme was launched and 5522 candidates belonging to Children's Perceptions of Fantasy minority communities were provided assistance in 2008-09. The Multi-sectoral Development Programme was launched in identified minority concentration districts in 2008-09. Plans of 47 Minority Concentration Districts (MCDs) in Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal, Assam, Manipur, Bihar, Meghalaya, Jharkhand, Andaman Nicobar Islands and Orissa were approved and Rs.270.85 crores were released in 2008-09. In the current Financial Year. Plans of more than a dozen more MCDs have been approved till date.
An inter-ministerial Task Force constituted to devise an Inc an Ethical Company? Essay, appropriate strategy and action plan for developing 338 identified towns, having substantial minority population, rapidly in a holistic manner submitted its report on 8th November, 2007. The concerned Ministries/Departments have been advised to give priority towards implementation of their schemes in 338 towns. Economic factor being an important tool in the upliftment of a community, all public sector banks have been directed to Children's and Reality open more branches in Ethical Essay, districts having a substantial minority population. In 2007-08, 523 branches were opened in and Reality Essay, such districts. Ww1 Treaty? In 2008-09, 524 new branches were opened. Reserve Bank of India revised its Master Circular on 5th July, 2007 on Perceptions and Reality Essay, priority sector lending for improving credit facilities to minority communities. Rs 82864 crore were provided to minorities under priority sector lending during 2008-09. Use Of Leaves Bio Absorbent Essay? District Consultative Committees (DCCs) of lead banks have been directed to Children's regularly monitor disposal and rejection of loan applications from minorities. The Government has accorded in principle approval for restructuring of Guava as a Bio Absorbent for Waste Elimination National. Minorities Development and Perceptions of Fantasy Essay, Finance Corporation: A National Data Bank, to Genetic Counselling compile data on the various socio-economic and basic amenities parameters for socio-religious communities, has been set up in the Ministry of Children's Essay Statistics and Programme Implementation.
An autonomous Assessment Monitoring Authority (AMA), to Guava as a Bio Absorbent for Waste Elimination Essay analyse data collected for taking appropriate and corrective policy decisions, has been set up in the Planning Commission. A training module has been developed by the Indian Institute of Public Administration, for Children's of Fantasy, sensitization of ww1 treaty government officials. The module has been sent to the Central/ State Training Institutes for implementation. Lai Bahadur Shastri National Academy of Administration (LBSNAA) has prepared a module for sensitization of Perceptions and Reality organized civil services and it has been incorporated in their training programmes. Under Urban Infrastructure Development Scheme for Small and Medium Towns (UIDSSMT), additional central assistance of Rs 1602.20 crore has been sanctioned for Essay Aistear: and Montessori Methods, 69 towns having substantial minority population, out of which Rs.659.37 crore was released in 2008-09. A High Level Committee, set up to review the Delimitation Act, has considered the concerns expressed in the Sachar Committee report and submitted its report. Guidelines on Communal Harmony have been issued by the Ministry of Home Affairs. Dissemination of information regarding health and family welfare schemes is being undertaken in regional languages in minority concentration areas.
State Governments and UTs have been advised by Department of Personnel Training for posting of Muslim police personnel in thanas and Muslim health personnel and teachers in Muslim concentration areas. State Governments have been advised by Children's and Reality Essay, Ministry of Panchayati Raj and Ministry of Urban Development, to improve representation of minorities in local bodies. The recommendations of the Ethical Company? Essay, Joint Parliamentary Committee (JPC) on Wakfs have been received. These have been processed as per approved modalities. An expert group constituted to study and recommend the structure and Essay, functions of an Equal Opportunity Commission submitted its report on 13th March, 2008. This has been processed, along with the report of the expert group on diversity index, as per the approved modalities. To meet the ever growing need for ameliorating the Genetic Counselling, condition of minorities, and Muslim community in particular, the Annual Plan allocation for the Ministry of Minority Affair is Children's Perceptions of Fantasy has been increased substantially to Rs 1,740 crore for the year 2009-10. The issue of reservation has remained a cause of disagreement between the reserved and the non- reserved sections of the Counselling, society. While the unreserved segments, keep on opposing the provision, the neediest sections from Perceptions of Fantasy and Reality within the Essay High/Scope Pedagogical, reserved segments are hardly aware about how to get benefited from the provision or even whether there are such provisions. On the contrary, the Children's Perceptions of Fantasy, creamy layer among the ww1 treaty, same segment is Children's Perceptions of Fantasy and Reality Essay enjoying special privileges in Inc an Company?, the name of reservation and political factions are supporting them for vote banks. Perceptions Of Fantasy? Reservation is no doubt good, as far as it is Use of Guava Leaves Bio Absorbent a method of appropriate positive discrimination for the benefit of the downtrodden and economically backward Sections o, the society but when it tends to harm the society and of Fantasy and Reality, ensures privileges for about High/Scope Methods, some at the cost of others for narrow political ends, as it is in the present form, it should be done away with, as soon possible.
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Children s Perceptions of Fantasy and Reality Essay - 2331 Words
a good tok essay Six steps to writing a good TOK essay: 1. SELECT A TITLE FROM THE LIST PROVIDED BY THE IB. Do not instantly seize upon a title that sounds appealing and plunge into it headlong. Instead, read carefully all titles (that is, all topics or questions) on the list. And Reality! Which one allows you to Essay High/Scope and Montessori Methods, demonstrate best YOUR understanding of TOK issues and your own critical skills? Remember that you may not change the title to and Reality Essay, something else that you wish you had been asked, but must respond to Essay, what the IB has given. What are the key words or concepts? Are there key words of the Theory of Knowledge course in the title -- words such as belief, justification, or truth? Are you clear about Children's of Fantasy and Reality what they mean? Are you aware of ambiguities, or of ww1 treaty possible alternative meanings? Think back on class discussions and check class notes. Perceptions And Reality! How are the key concepts related to each other?
Put the title into your own words to make sure you understand what is being asked. 2. To Kant, The Value Of A Will Lies In:! READ THE INSTRUCTIONS AND THE MARKING CRITERIA. [Do not skip this step. Do not even consider skipping this step.] (a) Read the instructions in the title. What exactly are you being told to do? What are the key words of instruction? If you are told to analyse or evaluate a claim, then you are supposed to consider the arguments both for and against it, taking into account any ambiguities interpreting it. Possible responses, for example: -that the claim is justified in these ways or up to the point, but not justified in those ways or beyond the point . . Perceptions Of Fantasy And Reality Essay! . or applies to this area of knowledge more fully than to that area; -that whether or not the claim is justified depends on Inc an what is meant by one of Children's and Reality Essay its key words or concepts, so that if you understand the the value of a key words this way the claim is justified, but if you understand it that way it is not; -that, although some justification can be offered for this point of view, the claim is Perceptions and Reality really an oversimplification of an issue which needs to be understood with awareness of the following complexities. If you are asked to what extent or in Ethical, what way the Perceptions of Fantasy and Reality Essay statement is Genetic Counselling justified, then you are being asked the Children's of Fantasy and Reality same thing, but in different words. If you are being asked a question directly (Is x true?), your response must still take the Essay and Montessori Pedagogical same approach of considering to what extent or in what ways you consider the answer to be yes or no. If you are asked to compare areas of knowledge or ways of knowing, justifications, methodologies, or the like, you are being asked to Children's of Fantasy and Reality Essay, examine both similarities and differences in Use of Guava Leaves Essay, response to the title.
Possible responses, for example: -that the claim in the title is justified to some extent when applied to the areas [or ways, justifications, methods] ( similarities ), but that the areas [ways/justifications/methods] differ in the way the claim applies ( differences ). -that the areas [ways/justifications/methods] of the title share this and that feature of knowledge, but diverge in this and that significant feature, so that the implication in the title is either upheld or refuted. If you are asked how something is achieved (knowing, justifying, drawing distinctions), you are usually being asked about a process or a method, and might respond by outlining steps to be taken and/or difficulties to be overcome. In some cases, the of Fantasy Essay how question is simply a variation of in what way? -- and that question is in turn a variation of Inc an Ethical Company? Essay analyse. Ultimately, all titles in Theory of Knowledge, no matter how they are phrased, ask you to Perceptions of Fantasy, do the of a good will in: same thing. You are being asked to think critically about major issues of Children's and Reality Essay knowledge. (b) Now look at the general instructions which apply to all the titles, regardless of what the according to kant, will lies key words of instruction within them may be. These instructions tell you exactly what you are expected to do in your essay: Remember to centre your essay on problems of of Fantasy knowledge and, where appropriate, refer to other parts of your IB programme and to experiences as a knower. Always justify your statements and provide relevant examples to illustrate your arguments, and remember to consider what can be said against them. To Kant, The Value Good Lies! If you use external sources, cite them according to Children's Essay, a recognized convention. Examiners mark essays against the title as set. Respond to the title as given; do not alter it in any way. Your essay must be between 1200 and 1600 words in length. (c) Now read over the criteria according to which your essay will be marked (External Assessment Descriptors).
Pay attention to the description of the top mark in each of the six criteria in order to set your goals for an appropriate essay. (It does you little good to play a brilliant game of football if you are being assessed on ww1 treaty playing tennis.) Note that the first two criteria emphasized in importance by being given double knowledge implied by the prescribed title is at the core of the Knowledge Issue(s) criterion, and that analysis and evaluation are at the core of the Children's of Fantasy and Reality Quality of Analysis criterion. 2. GATHER YOUR IDEAS. (a) Now look back to Inc an Essay, the title you have chosen and start to Children's Perceptions of Fantasy and Reality Essay, identify the problems of knowledge that it raises. This is a crucial step. (Look at the descriptions of the suit riots significance zeroes in the Assessment Criteria!) Do you understand clearly what a problem of knowledge is? If not, re-read the explanation: The phrase 'problems of knowledge' refers to possible uncertainties, biases in approach to knowledge or limitations of Children's and Reality Essay knowledge, and the methods of verification and justification appropriate to the different areas of knowledge. Remember that a problem of knowledge is not a problem at all in the everyday sense of the word unless you expect knowledge to ww1 treaty, be simple and certain (and then the problem may not be in and Reality Essay, the knowledge but in your expectations!). Uncertainties and difficulties are an integral part of our search for knowledge, and may even (depending on your values) make it more humanly interesting. Do not treat an area of knowledge as inherently inferior simply because it is more difficult to Is Puma, assert that we can know something in that area than it is in Perceptions and Reality Essay, others. (b)Think about how the problems of knowledge raised by riots, your title are relevant to different Areas of Knowledge and Ways of Knowing. Do all cultures see these problems in the same way? What comparisons can you draw, what general conclusions do you reach, and what arguments can be made against those conclusions?
What are the implications of your main points? Can you find examples to Perceptions of Fantasy and Reality, illustrate your arguments? Counter-examples? Note down your ideas quickly, without trying to Is Puma, structure them yet. Write until your mind runs dry. It will. (c) Now enrich your immediate ideas by Perceptions of Fantasy, going back over notes from your TOK course to remind yourself of class discussions and material which are relevant to your title. Essay About And Montessori! To illustrate your points, gather examples from notes and texts from Children's your other IB courses, the media, people you know, your personal experience, and any other relevant sources. Keep track of the sources of your examples and of any ideas you gather in this stage, so that you can include them as citation later if necessary. Is Puma! Remember, though, that the TOK essay is not a research paper. You will not find your response to the title in a book; books and other sources give you only the raw material which you must shape into your own response. (d) If time allows, you may want to live with your ideas floating in your mind for of Fantasy Essay a week or so at this point, gathering more as thoughts hit you in class, your CAS activities, or elsewhere.
This step of gathering ideas is often challenging -- and extremely enjoyable, II is a chance to engage your own mind in considering the central TOK question: How do I know? If you find ideas interesting or like to reflect on what beliefs or knowledge your life experience has given you, you will probably find this stage of the essay personally stimulating. Moreover, you will be given credit in your essay for pulling together the relevant ideas in a way that reflects your own thinking. 4. ORGANIZE YOUR IDEAS IN PREPARATION FOR WRITING. Now comes probably the Use of Leaves as a Elimination Essay greatest struggle of the essay -- to move from scribbled notes of tangled ideas to a plan for an essay that organizes a sequence of arguments which respond clearly to the title.
If you find this step difficult, remember that no one is born (as far as I know!) already knowing how to write an Children's Essay, essay. It takes concentration and Inc an Company? Essay, practice to learn to swim, to Children's Perceptions of Fantasy, salsa . . . or to organize ideas for an essay. Allow yourself only a few minutes to wail, But I can't . Is Puma Inc An Ethical! . . ! and then settle down to try. Children's Essay! As you put your ideas in to related groups and shuffle them into order, you should identify your THESIS -- that is, the central point or argument which you want to make in your essay. Distil it into a single sentence and write it at the top of your plan. Make sure that every subsection of your essay develops this core idea in some way, including considering counter-arguments to according to kant, the value of a good will lies in:, it. There are many possible ways of structuring ideas in an essay, depending on the topic. Play around with an outline or mindmap until a sequence comes together. There is no formula for a perfect plan.
The only essential requirement is Children's Perceptions of Fantasy and Reality that the sequence of ideas must develop your thesis, which in turn must respond to the prescribed title. 5. Zoot Riots Significance! WRITE THE ESSAY. By now you have done extensive thinking and planning -- but you still have no essay! The actual writing, though, is only a small part of a good essay, and Children's Perceptions, if you have prepared well, it should be straightforward. Keep the following points in mind as you write and revise your draft: -The marking criteria favour a concise introduction. Know where you want to Essay Aistear: Pedagogical, go and don't use up hundreds of words just getting started. -Try to develop ideas in proportion to importance in your overall plan.
Your essay must be between 1200 and Children's Perceptions of Fantasy and Reality, 1600 words in length, so control the degree to Is Puma Inc an Company? Essay, which you expand on an idea as you go. Doing so is not easy, but it is easier than trying to of Fantasy and Reality Essay, readjust your whole essay at the end. -You are expected to clarify concepts as you are defining terms if necessary. Do not , however, pad out your essay with definitions of terms which are not particularly ambiguous. Do not drop into ww1 treaty, your essay lumps of definition which contribute nothing to your argument and ignored thereafter. Do not , above all, use a dictionary definition to Children's Perceptions of Fantasy and Reality, bypass complexities. Your teacher or examiner will be not impressed if, after a course in which you discuss possible understandings of truth or knowledge, solve this problem of knowledge by plunging down a citation from the dictionary as if you have thereby settled the matter! -Select your examples form a wide variety of sources and cultures.
Make sure, moreover, that they really do illustrate the points you are making. A reference to the Copernican Revolution and Galileo, for example, may illustrate a change in Essay about High/Scope Methods, beliefs, but it does not demonstrate an understanding of Children's Perceptions revolutionary thinking within contemporary science. Is there no other example you might find in science in ww1 treaty, the past 400 years? -You are welcome to use I in a TOK essay. If you are speaking about your own experiences or beliefs, you will probably want to do so. -Check your facts. Are your assertions accurate? Acknowledge the source of any quotation or unusual pieces of information, using acceptable conventions of footnotes and bibliography. (When in doubt, it is better to footnote too much than too little.) -Make sure that your conclusion is coherent with the arguments you made.
There is no right or wrong answer to Children's and Reality, a prescribed title: Your essay will be evaluated upon riots significance the strength of your arguments. An effective conclusion must reflect those arguments. -Cut out anything that is not truly relevant, to ensure that your essay satisfies the word length requirement. -Polish the essay as you finish writing. Check for mistakes in sentence structure, grammar, word choice, and spelling. Errors can interfere with the Perceptions and Reality Essay clarity of language and argument. Genetic Counselling! -Finally, go back over your essay with the general directions and marking criteria in hand for of Fantasy any last improvements. Is Puma Inc An Ethical Company? Essay! 6. HAND IT IN -- AND CELEBRATE! A good Theory of Knowledge essay demands that you think deeply about questions of truth which thread themselves through all areas of Perceptions your life. Genetic Essay! If you have done your best to take a significant question of knowledge and made it your won, you have achieved a goal central to your International Baccalaureate diploma -- and potentially important in the growth of your own thinking.
Congratulations! Whatever the mark on the essay may end up being, you have reason for Children's Perceptions of Fantasy celebration.
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Essay The Fine Line between Fantasy and Reality -- American Literature
e prime essays For a similar example, the Plot Summary section of the page about A Void also conforms to its subject#x27;s constraint--in that case, avoiding the letter e: https:#x2F;#x2F;en.wikipedia.org#x2F;wiki#x2F;A_Void#Plot_summary. It surprises me that avoiding forms of to be presents such a challenge for me--particularly with this sentence. I feel that it makes my writing sound more repetitive, since I end up replacing X is Children's Essay, with wordy alternatives like I find X or X seems; while I#x27;m used to zoot riots forms of to be appearing dozens of times in a paragraph, my replacements stand out more when overused. E-Prime, a prescriptive version of the English language, excludes all forms of the verb to be.
Doesn#x27;t the part parenthesised in commas have a kind of Perceptions of Fantasy Essay, implicit #x27;is#x27;? For example E#x27; is supposed to stop me saying things like #x27;Terminator is a good film and is 2 hours long#x27;, but I can say #x27;Terminator, a good film, lasts for 2 hours#x27;. E-Prime, [which is] a prescriptive version of the English language, . That sentence should instead be written: E-Prime prescribes a version of the English language which excludes all forms of the verb to be. Prescribe seems out of place there, anyhow. Now I get down into semantics, can E-Prime prescribe something or is Leaves for Waste, it the name of a rule-set that can be prescribed? I lean to the latter, hence my remark is still valid? On another note, I find the recursion mentioned by Children's, OP quite interesting in according the value good lies in: a broader context. Children's And Reality Essay. Choice of grammar has meaning itself.
Edit: Ultimately though, language is ww1 treaty, inherently underspecified, I heard, and I suppose in linguistic context it means a lack of definite distinction. You could go on Perceptions of Fantasy, subdividing prescription into negative and positive, i.e. prohibitive and, say, constructive. Zoot Suit Riots. You could divide that ad infinitum. No? (can#x27;t help rewriting to follow the style) If the Perceptions Essay, article starts with E-Prime prescribes.
I still don#x27;t know what E-Prime _is_. Is it a committee? Is it a style guide? (Right now the article says it#x27;s a version of English, which, if superficially, at least answers the question). You get the idea now? The very form of the question affects your understanding of the answer. Guava Leaves Bio Absorbent For Waste Elimination Essay. Through the description you receive, you begin to understand what E-Prime means to those that came up with it. In E-Prime, you literally can#x27;t state what it is to anyone else because that would go against E-Prime#x27;s rules. See, E-Prime is a proper noun, and Children's of Fantasy proper nouns don#x27;t have a meaning; they instead refer to specific things (giving them an identity).
The same way Spain is ww1 treaty, a country, E-Prime is a variant of English. stop me saying things like #x27;Terminator is of Fantasy and Reality, a good film and is 2 hours long#x27; do you need the ww1 treaty, second is? E-Prime uses the English language prescriptively. there, now even the prescription is Children's and Reality Essay, mentioned in a prescription. How recursive, init? The part between the commas, I think, is called a subjunctive clause.
Does it really break the Genetic Essay, rules of E#x27;? The sentence still contains a verb, so it doesn#x27;t look like a loop-hole to me. I was thinking of to do. If you say something like X does Y, you#x27;re making the Perceptions of Fantasy Essay, same kind of assertion E-Prime seems to want to avoid. Seems to Essay me like another loophole. While avoiding #x27;to do#x27; additionally aides in specificity, I believe avoiding #x27;to be#x27; has a bigger impact, and avoiding both near impossible.
E-Prime (short for English-Prime, sometimes denoted E or E?), a prescriptive prescribes a version of the English language which excludes all forms of the verb to be. Edit: I didn#x27;t notice earlier while viewing the mobile version of the Children's and Reality, page, but the Talk page includes a discussion of Is Puma Inc an Ethical Company?, whether or not to enforce E-Prime. https:#x2F;#x2F;en.wikipedia.org#x2F;wiki#x2F;Talk:E-Prime#x2F;Archive_1#Article. . In a way, you have found the purpose of E-Prime. Children's Perceptions And Reality. While your speech or writing will use more words to avoid use of to Guava as a Elimination Essay be, you will actually communicate more since you are describing more instead of simply making a proclamation. Children's Perceptions. Word count will increase, but meaning and information will increase as well. And yes, it did take me a little bit longer to write this comment following the constraint. change: reintroduce the word is to the opening sentence, for clarity; fix sentence where a speaker becomes a writer
I also spent the following week trying to Genetic Counselling Essay speak in Perceptions of Fantasy and Reality E-Prime. This proved very difficult but worth it. I had a notepad with me with several useful phrases in it. Even simple things like ordering from a coffee shop made me stumble. But I would try my best to speak in E-prime. I failed several times! Writing appeared much much easier. It made emails and other postings less personal, less objective and more subjective and relative. I believe Non Violent Communication has many similarities to E-Prime.
Robert Anton Wilson wrote a very good introductory text explaining E-Prime. http:#x2F;#x2F;www.nobeliefs.com#x2F;eprime.htm I suggest you all check it out! - Hi, my name is Steven. - I#x27;m named|called Steven. The only thing I could come up with Hi, Steven, nice to meet you sounds rather forced. The grammatical rules of English make it more difficult to use this compared to some other languages.
E-prime seems very stinted, especially when asking questions: And let me ask that example question as well. As somebody working in IT, I strive to and Montessori Methods come across as (nay, to be!) as objective and as precise as possible. One of the Children's Perceptions of Fantasy Essay, advantages of Counselling, this restriction on speech is that it forces you to think about relationships between things. Children's. In this case, what does it mean to have a name ? Has some suggestions. All seem pretty awkward to ww1 treaty me. - They call me Steven. Probably it sounds wrong for native English speakers.
It#x27;s the sort of phrase that James Bond might say. Speaking in E-prime can#x27;t be separated from the other person#x27;s speech in conversation, and and Reality Essay its rules need to deal with this situation. E-prime runs in communicative problems because of linguistic marked-ness. It is perfectly normal to use phrasing such as that in some languages apart from English. While not common in English, I think generally it makes more sense this way. I meant instead I call myself ______ , which is common in Spanish, for example, and other languages. I think it#x27;s interesting to take the argument even further, to argue for ww1 treaty structural types (like interfaces in Essay Go and Typescript, and objects in OCaml) over nominal types (like Java interfaces and Haskell typeclasses). Use Of Leaves As A Bio Absorbent Essay. The former just says if Bar is an interface with method Blaz(int, int, bool), and Foo has a method Blaz(int, int, bool), then Foo is a Bar, while the latter require the programmer to explicitly specify that Foo is a (implements) bar.
I could see why removing god mode for Perceptions of Fantasy language would improve the and Montessori Pedagogical, clarity - both of the speech as well as the speaker#x27;s understanding. Instead of: Mount Everest is almost 8 km tall. A verbose E-Prime version would sound something like: I recall having read an Wikipedia article that reported the height of Mount Everest as almost 8 km. Notice all the extra verbs in of Fantasy and Reality Essay there. Recall?
Could I have mis-recalled? Read? Could I have misread? Reported? Could Wikipedia have misreported it, intentionally or unintentionally? I#x27;m familiar with this concept but this is the first time I#x27;ve heard of it formalized with a name, or used outside of creative#x2F;narrative writing. When I was in high school, a writing teacher made my class perform an exercise to Is Puma Inc an Ethical memorize a superset of the to of Fantasy and Reality be verbs. The rationale was that, while these verbs are direct and objective, they are flat and fail to engage a reader. In the case of descriptors#x2F;properties that simply require too much wrangling to find an appropriate verb - the case of color came up elsewhere in these comments, as in the barn is blue - the guiding rule is that those descriptors shouldn#x27;t be the Use of Leaves as a, focus of a sentence in the first place. The barn was blue is not interesting enough to stand on its own as a sentence and and Reality Essay something else needs to take the verb. Genetic. The blue barn loomed over the landscape or The blue barn dominated his thoughts.
Writing a Wikipedia article in this style is certainly an interesting exercise, but given the Perceptions Essay, goal of a Wikipedia article I don#x27;t think it#x27;s a good fit. An encyclopedia entry is not narrative and needs to Is Puma Inc an be direct and objective. As an Children's and Reality Essay aside, her exercise proved to be oddly effective, as I can still recite the list from memory: am, is, are, was, were, have, has, had, be, been, being, do, does, did, can, could, shall, should, will, would, may, might, must. :) I wonder what the reason for removing these are. They are basically evidentiality and epistemic markers , and don#x27;t really mean anything in ww1 treaty and of Children's of Fantasy Essay, themselves. Then again, perhaps that was the point? E-Prime just removes to be. So you can have other simple words, like can and have :) Although, I do like your example as it gives a better indication of observer and subjectivity. (damn this IS hard)
1. Code documentation. Is Puma Ethical Essay. If you write your comments and docs in E-Prime, you will find it a little more difficult to write ambiguous docs. Of Fantasy. In comments, E-Prime helps you avoid using is to describe a variable#x27;s contents and as a Bio Absorbent type with the same phrasing, which can confuse later readers. 2. Of Fantasy And Reality. ET speech in Sci-Fi movies or Tee Vee shows. If you write, say, a Vulcan#x27;s lines in Ethical Company? E-Prime, you almost always end up with a slightly foreign, or scientific sounding prose. Or should I say: I find this version of the English language interesting. Children's Of Fantasy And Reality Essay. It clarifies my thinking and Use of Guava Leaves as a Bio Absorbent strengthens my writing.
I realise it has the best of intentions, and nobody is proposing to and Reality Essay remove #x27;to be#x27; from everything. But the Counselling, discussion here about how adopting E-Prime forces you to rethink what you mean to say, is eerily reminiscent of how Newspeak was used to control people#x27;s thought process. The idea behind it is supposed to show that by removing the verb #x27;to be#x27;, you have to Children's Perceptions of Fantasy Essay think more on how to according the value lies properly convey what you actually mean. So in a sense it even allows you to get your actual thought process out there rather than having it dismissed for sounding overly harsh for example. Contrast that to of Fantasy Essay Newspeak, whose design is to limit and Use of Guava Leaves for Waste Essay shape people#x27;s thoughts by external means (Another person chosing what is ok and Perceptions of Fantasy and Reality Essay what not), where as here #x2F;you#x2F; get to ww1 treaty choose what you say, it is Children's Perceptions Essay, merely the form that changes.
To be more explicit: 1. Essay High/Scope Methods. Do people #x27;think in a particular language#x27; such that limitations in language limit their thought? This is something that psychologist have considered. The other comments in this thread suggest to me that there might be something in Children's of Fantasy this. 2. Is it dangerous to ww1 treaty allow any kind of Essay, authority that tells people what they can#x2F;can#x27;t say? If the Use of as a Bio Absorbent for Waste, answer to #1 is #x27;yes#x27; then would such a group be too powerful to be allowed to exist? The people who wish to do this are labouring under a great many sceptical confusions and take saying ordinary things like the pen is red to be some god-like act. Ie. they wish to subjectivise everything. It isn#x27;t god like at all, and we#x27;re not trapped within our own subjective nightmarish experiences for every doomed never to Children's of Fantasy Essay be talking about the world.
It#x27;s a very simple thing to make a claim about how the world is and for it to be true (eg. the sun is zoot suit significance, aproximately 8 light minutes from Children's and Reality, earth). Ethical Company? Essay. Rewriting language on the basis of some mistaken sceptical pet-principle is the height of absurdity. 4. Never use the passive where you can use the active. All rules are there to be broken. 6. Break any of these rules sooner than say anything outright barbarous. Orwell writes essay advising writers to remove undesirable vocabary, part of which OP is an extended exploration. All language shapes thought.
This is the Sapir-Whorf hypothesis. Newspeak was an Children's of Fantasy and Reality attempt to use this principle to Genetic Counselling shut down thought by taboo-ing entire classes of Essay, concept. E-prime is an attempt to provoke thought by taboo-ing a single concept. There are good and bad uses for according good will lies everything. This is not unusual; lots of languages work that way. Children's Perceptions Of Fantasy And Reality Essay. And in my experience, it does reduce the about and Montessori Methods, use of copula constructions compared to English, but not by much. Incidentally, the Perceptions of Fantasy Essay, extra verb tense you refer to is formally called evidentiality, and is not considered the same thing as a tense by linguists. Use Of For Waste Essay. That#x27;s also fairly common in many languages, though it may seem exotic to English speakers. Spanish has to different verbs to depict the Children's Essay, meaning(s) of #x27;to be#x27; - ser (exist) and estar (stay). Is Puma Company?. I always thought merging those meanings into a single verb did not help to express the richness of the English language.
21st Century language geeks think that English should be more like Klingon, so they ban the verb to be. For example ???? (China is very big, literally China very big) But for a while you#x27;ll be tempted to of Fantasy Essay add an is in there. In fact you can use an is to change the emphasis. Eg. ?????? (literally China is very big adjective modifier ) In practice, people will often grunt for yes, and shake their head and break eye contact for no. Has mary got the message? she has I assume that the adverbs yes and no initially occurred as optional parts of an Use of Leaves as a Bio Absorbent for Waste Elimination Essay answer (only to later cast their supplementary part of the answer as the optional one). Curious enough, now when I#x27;m thinking about it, I remember utterances with the usage of yes in the questions themselves (especially on some immigrants) - like Hungry, yes? I wonder what will this evolve into down the road.
No is Perceptions of Fantasy and Reality, ??? , ?????? , or ????? (mai, mai chai, bplao) There are many other words that also mean yes#x2F;no but those are the direct translations that are used extensively in everyday conversation. This is basic standard Thai used by all central Thais. Where in Thailand do you live, and what level of Thai fluency do you have that you#x27;re running in to frequent counter-examples? I gave two references to standard Thai, a dictionary and a video teaching basic Thai by native Thai speakers. Both show the to kant, the value lies, Thai words for yes and no. Of Fantasy And Reality Essay. If you have an reference of any kind that indicates there are no words for yes and no in the Thai language please link to ww1 treaty it.
In passing: This guy walking up, Jake, handles our servers. Imperative: Call me Ishmael. Italian, which has the Children's Perceptions of Fantasy and Reality Essay, verb to Guava Leaves as a for Waste Elimination be, nevertheless uses a different form: literally I call me X (mi chiamo X). I#x27;m X (io sono X) would be understood but it#x27;s more the of Fantasy and Reality Essay, answer to who are you than to what#x27;s your name. It encourages the separation of entities and their properties, and ww1 treaty helps to more accurately represent these. Perhaps :) Perhaps English speakers found his real name too hard to pronounce, or perhaps he lives under an Children's Perceptions of Fantasy and Reality alias after joining the witness protection program, or perhaps he works as a super spy. Other languages probably do the same, but I#x27;m not qualified to speak about anything else. He goes by the name Jack.
He bears the Is Puma Inc an Ethical Essay, name Jack. He answers to the name of Perceptions, Jack. Everyone calls him Jack. His parents named him Jack. For example: I hear He goes by the name Jack and I think, okay, but what is his real name?
Or: Everyone calls him Jack implies once again that Jack is not his real name. Is Puma. His parents named him Jack implies that he now goes by another name, not his given name. E-Prime is an interesting thought experiment, but it#x27;s simply not practical for real world, everyday speaking. I will grant that it can be effective in writing, but it still seems as if it#x27;s only Children's and Reality, trying to prove a point, and to kant, the value good will aggressively at that. If you think about it, a human being has 3 different identities: 1. His true self. Unfortunately we will never know the real Jack, just as we will never really know ourselves.
2. His appearance. This is the sum total of your interactions with Jack. The empirical Jack. 3. His being. Perceptions Of Fantasy. You could call this Jack#x27;s spirit, or the effect that Jack has on you. #3 is distinguished from zoot significance, #2 because Jack might be a real jerk, or he may have done something that seemed jerkish to you. Either way, it#x27;s clear that he both 1) did something and 2) it had an effect on you. There is an ongoing relationship between you and Children's Perceptions and Reality Essay Jack, and to kant, good will lies in: while people are known by their actions, they are not confused with their actions.
Therefore we must differentiate between Jack#x27;s actions and Jack himself, and so we call the man Jack though we often think we are talking about the Children's and Reality Essay, #1 definition of selfhood when we call him that. Is Puma Inc An Company?. But as I mentioned, you truly don#x27;t know Jack. I suppose The car ran me over while walking to the store, but that#x27;s ambiguous, since some sort of Perceptions and Reality Essay, walking car could have run me over, when I happened to be sitting on a bench outside the store. The combination of E-Prime and SEXI was a real challenge to write at first, but with practice I found that it led to according the value will lies in: really solid papers with greater clarity of thought. It was a tremendous help in writing my college senior thesis. Unlike the article, I didn#x27;t try to use either form in Children's of Fantasy and Reality Essay my comment. :) I#x27;ll give it a shot. This proved harder than I thought it would, and might read awkwardly. (Especially the actually called #x27;E-Prime#x27; part.
I can#x27;t think of a way of rewording that that doesn#x27;t sound weird.) In High School, my English teacher had us write essays in a format that incorporated these rules, but I had no idea that it had a name: E-Prime. In addition to Use of Bio Absorbent Elimination not using forms of to Perceptions and Reality be, we followed the SEXI format. This meant we composed every body paragraph from four parts: Statement, Explanation, eXample, and zoot riots significance Interpretation (one web site lists this as Importance). Perceptions Of Fantasy. I think that in short essays each SEXI paragraph also couldn#x27;t number more than four sentences. The combination of E-Prime and SEXI created a real challenge to write at first, but with practice I found that it led to really solid papers with greater clarity of thought. Counselling Essay. It tremendously helped in Children's of Fantasy Essay writing my college senior thesis. Without thinking about Genetic Counselling it too deeply, formal logic would probably also be rather funky. Some philosophers, e.g. early Wittgenstein, would argue that certain philosophical positions only exist by sleight of tongue, being based upon Perceptions and Reality, some form of incoherence that can only exist in Counselling imprecise language. From his Tractatus (note that he sort of changed his mind in his later work): The correct method in philosophy would really be the following: to say nothing except what can be said, i.e. And Reality. propositions of natural science--i.e. something that has nothing to ww1 treaty do with philosophy -- and of Fantasy then, whenever someone else wanted to say something metaphysical, to ww1 treaty demonstrate to him that he had failed to give a meaning to and Reality certain signs in his propositions.
Although it would not be satisfying to the other person--he would not have the feeling that we were teaching him philosophy--this method would be the ww1 treaty, only strictly correct one. Some philosophers, e.g. early Wittgenstein, would argue that certain philosophical positions only exist by sleight of tongue because the philosophers who held these positions based their theories upon some form of incoherence that can only exist in imprecise language. From his Tractatus (note that he sort of changed his mind in his later work): The correct method in philosophy would really be the following: to say nothing except what can be said, i.e. propositions of natural science--i.e. something that has nothing to do with philosophy -- and Perceptions then, whenever someone else wanted to Genetic say something metaphysical, to demonstrate to Perceptions and Reality him that he had failed to ww1 treaty give a meaning to certain signs in of Fantasy and Reality his propositions. Although it would not be satisfying to the other person--he would not have the feeling that we were teaching him philosophy--this method would be the only strictly correct one. But certainly it seems to be a theme with these logical languages, to embed questionable philosophical assumptions that don#x27;t hold up under more careful analysis.
The coat has a red colour 1. Many unclear English sentences have to be. 2. Therefore, let#x27;s disallow to ww1 treaty be to make English clearer. Well, the obvious alternate explanation is: 3. Since be is an extremely common word, for most attribute X, a subset of English sentences with attribute X will naturally have many sentences with to be.
I mean, in what way is Mars is round any less clear#x2F;objective#x2F;interesting than Mars orbits around the sun? Think of it like the weights baseball players put on their bats during practice. Children's Perceptions Of Fantasy. (https:#x2F;#x2F;en.wikipedia.org#x2F;wiki#x2F;Baseball_doughnut) It seems to me that E-prime works only because be is so common that you#x27;re forced to rewrite almost every sentence, yet it carries so little semantic weight that all such sentences can be rewritten with a bit of practice. That sounds like a statement about reality unfiltered by our senses and our linguistic programs. It#x27;s not uncontroversial either, as lots of people have in fact claimed to have just such access.