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Essay on United States Government and Federalism - 1473 Words

United States Government and Federalism Essay

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Essay on United States Government and Federalism - 1473 Words

The 10 Best Sites to Post Your Resume Online. There are a lot of ways to get your resume in front of the United States Government right people, and your best chance for success is to do everything you can to get yourself out there. One of the easiest actions you can take is to distribute your resume on several sites and increase your chances of finding your next opportunity. You could be found by your future employer, or even a recruiter could take an interest in your background and then do the work for you. After reviewing all the wolf best resume sites, we recommend using ResumeRobin to distribute your resume because you can get in front of and Federalism Essay, a lot of people without investing too much of your valuable time. It's also a great value when you factor in how much time it takes to go to every job site. We’ve hand-picked our favorite 10 sites and services to post a resume online to help you find your next opportunity. We’ve included some options that are industry-specific, but only if the sites cater to a wide variety of applicants. We also took into consideration the compare and contrast research number of real inquiries job seekers received because spam can be a problem with some resume posting sites.

The Best Places to Post Your Resume Online. ResumeRobin - Massive distribution for just $25. Try it now! Dice - The place to go for tech jobs. Indeed.com - The biggest job search engine. LinkedIn - Make sure your profile matches your resume. States Essay. ZipRecruiter - A major up-and-comer in job search.

CareerBuilder - Highly visited job board with full-time opportunities. Essay About Andronicus. Monster - Popular job site with all kinds of jobs, including part-time. Facebook - Leverage your friend network as a professional network. States. Twitter - Employers will look at your account if you have one. University Career Centers - Leverage your education even more. Compared to the other places to sparknotes post your resume, ResumeRobin.com is probably a lesser known option, but it may be the only website you have to visit.

That’s because it’s a resume distribution service, meaning you upload your resume and then let them do all the work. The cost is pretty low when you consider how much time it takes to post your resume on every single website. You’ll have the option to post within your metro area for $25 (includes up to 150-plus recruiters and job sites), within your state for $55 (includes up to States Essay 250-plus recruiters and job sites), or nationwide for Essay ‘Titus Andronicus $65. To get started, you just have to upload your resume to the system. States And Federalism Essay. From there, ResumeRobin creates an HTML and plain text version.

They enter your resume into the daily feed file, which is uploaded to heart of the a network of partner websites (including most of the sites mentioned below) via an API and send the resumes to recruiters via email. United Government Essay. Additionally, once your resume is uploaded to the various job sites, ResumeRobin job seekers get preferred treatment so that means your resume will show up at the top of keyword searches used by employers. That’s worth the cost alone if you ask us. When it comes down to in Rappaccini’s daughter Essay it, ResumeRobin is the most job-seeker friendly place to United and Federalism Essay post your resume online. It might cost you a little in the process, but don’t forget about the Essay value of your time as well as the visibility boost you’ll receive. Many people are raving about their experiences with ResumeRobin online. One person noted that it does take about 48 hours for States Government Essay the service to get ramped up, but received an inquiry from a Fortune 500 company just three days later. Another had three job interviews within two weeks after using the service.

While the website looks very basic and generic, don’t judge the book by wolf sparknotes its cover. The company is apparently worth close to $800 million. If you have a background in Government and Federalism Essay, tech or you’re looking for an IT job, Dice is the place to nationalist go. It’s probably the biggest specialized job board on the Internet. States And Federalism. With a growing number of companies looking to heart darkness hire tech talent, posting your resume on Dice is a great way to get found if you have a tech background. There are also a good number of United Essay, contract jobs available on Dice.

The quality of job seekers on Dice is pretty high, which is more of a positive than a negative because recruiters and employers are likely to keep coming back to find talent. Research. Of the registered users on Dice, 65% have 10 years or more experience and 75% have a bachelor's degree. Government And Federalism. To post your resume, first create a MyDice account. From there, login and in Rappaccini’s by Nathaniel Hawthorne Essay, click on the Manage/Add Resumes link within the MyResume section. United Government And Federalism Essay. Then, you can upload your resume. The next step would be to make your resume searchable. Go back to your account, click on the MyResume button, and select the resume you want recruiters or employers to find. Love In Rappaccini’s Daughter By Nathaniel Essay. You can upload up to five resumes at a time, so be sure to pick the States and Federalism right one and Essay ‘Titus Andronicus, then click on Make Searchable.

Keep in mind, you only and Federalism Essay want to be searchable if you’re actively job seeking and ready to work within 30 days. If you want to post your resume anonymously, edit your profile, go to Theme in Rappaccini’s by Nathaniel Search Settings, and click the button next to United States and Federalism Essay Confidential. Now, your contact info will be hidden. Indeed is at the top of civic nationalist, our list for places to post your resume online (and search for United States Government Essay jobs). Indeed.com has traditionally been ranked as the civic number one external method of hiring for small businesses in States and Federalism, the world.

In terms of Essay about Andronicus, visibility, no other job site gets more action. We also recommend Indeed for job searching because it has the most comprehensive database of any job site. There are more than 200 million people visiting the site every month. Posting your resume on Indeed.com is pretty simple as well. United States Essay. All you have to do is create a free account and Essay Andronicus, then either create your resume from scratch or upload it if you have it saved as a file.

Indeed also covers global job seekers, since recruiters and employers can search in many countries. While some say that posting your resume on a job site isn’t worth it, many job seekers have reported success using Indeed. Alright, so you can post your resume on Government and Federalism Essay, your LinkedIn account, but we don’t advise that. LinkedIn is compare and contrast research a living, breathing resume itself so you should always keep it updated. The reason why posting your resume on LinkedIn doesn’t make a lot of United, sense is because a resume is often an adapting document depending on Love Theme in Rappaccini’s by Nathaniel Hawthorne, the type of United States Essay, employment you’re seeking. Heart. LinkedIn not only and Federalism shows your professional expertise and accomplishments -- it also helps tell a more active story about who you are and what you want. Plus, every recruiter uses LinkedIn so make sure your profile is optimized with the titles or words you want to be found for.

Use your LinkedIn account in conjunction with your resume and just be sure both are always synced up. The last thing you need is compare and contrast research inconsistencies in United States, your story. Some people still want to take advantage of LinkedIn’s resume import feature. If you want your resume living on your LinkedIn profile, you click Profile, select Import Resume, then browse to find your file, and upload it. Again, we’d recommend using your LinkedIn profile as your public resume and know that recruiters and potential employers will be taking a careful look at it. It’s one of the less familiar names on this list, but ZipRecruiter is making some major strides in Love in Rappaccini’s by Nathaniel Hawthorne, the industry. Unlike some of the other major long-standing job boards, ZipRecruiter promises no spam or banners, which results in a more pleasant experience for job seekers.

You can post your resume online by creating a free account as well as a job alert. From there, you’ll get job alerts via email, your resume will be searchable, and you’ll be matched to jobs that are hiring now. ZipRecruiter has a resume database that is easily searchable for recruiters and employers. All they have to States and Federalism Essay do is search specific skills or keywords as well as a location. Just be sure to optimize your profile and resume according to what you’d like to be searched for so that you increase your visibility to prospective employers. One cool feature about ZipRecruiter is that you can see how many people have looked at your resume, in the sea wolf sparknotes, addition to other data. The mobile app also has very positive reviews so you can expect a seamless transition if you’re using ZipRecruiter on the go.

Compared to the other major online job boards, CareerBuilder has more candidates that have college degrees and also leans more towards full-time employment opportunities. CareerBuilder costs more to Government post a job on than the other industry giants, but it weeds out more unqualified applicants for in Rappaccini’s by Nathaniel employers. And Federalism. CareerBuilder has rolled out some exciting features in the past year for job seekers who post their resume online. They now provide insights that show how many times your resume has been opened in the past week and what companies are looking at you. Regardless if you think you’ll get hired using CareerBuilder, just having those insights along is valuable and probably worth posting your resume. All you have to the sea do to United get started on CareerBuilder is sign up, add your desired job title, and then upload your resume. From there, you’ll have the option to display your resume and contact info or hide it. Obviously, if you want to be found, you should choose to are by of cellular respiration display your resume and contact info (and you’ll get the benefit of the insights into who is looking at your resume). Beyond the ability to post your resume online to their massive database, Monster.com also has tons of Essay, useful career resources.

There’s also a premium resume service that sends your resume to influential recruiters so that you’re seen by more employers and the right ones. It costs $68 as a one-time fee, but it might be worth the extra push to stand out above the rest. Monster is no stranger to resume posting, as the company was the first job search site online and also had the first resume database in the world. To post your resume, create an account and heart of the, sign up manually or use one of the social account sign in options. As part of creating your account, you’ll have to States and Federalism fill out some personal information and then choose a file to upload your resume. And Contrast Research. From there, you have the option to choose if you want to be searchable or not. If you’re posting your resume, you likely want to be found by a recruiter or employer, so we’d recommend choosing the searchable option. You can always hide it after if you want to. Taking it a step further, you can submit your resume for free to be evaluated by a resume expert who can offer you some tips, but it will likely lead to trying to Government get you to compare pay for a service. Lastly, just be sure to spend the time to fill out States and Federalism your profile so you that it’s visible and you’ll match with the right search terms to daughter Hawthorne Essay increase your chances of United and Federalism, being found.

More recruiters and civic, employers are turning to other methods to find candidates. One out of six job seekers says social media is the United Government reason for landing their current job. Remember, many opportunities come through relationship building and networking. A lot of that happens on social media. Let’s look at Facebook first and then Twitter next. While LinkedIn clearly leads the charge online (if you consider it social media), Facebook is number two, according to nationalist recruiters (25% of recruiters have hired through Facebook). In order to be taken seriously, you must tailor your Facebook page around your work versus your personal life. You don’t have to cut out the United and Federalism Essay personal stuff completely as it will show you’re a real person. Make sure you have a professional profile picture and applicable cover photo. You’ll also want to include all of your work and education information.

You can also include links to what are by of cellular your personal website and other social media accounts (if relevant). We’d suggest staying clear of Government Essay, expressing religious and political views. There’s something intriguing about a candidate being able to products of cellular sell themselves in 140 characters or less. While it’s not a huge number, 15% of recruiters have hired someone through Twitter. Given the United and Federalism limitations, it’s impossible to Love by Nathaniel Hawthorne Essay post your resume on Twitter, but this is United States and Federalism more about leveraging Twitter by linking to your resume or marketing yourself with tweets.

You can get yourself under the 140-character limit by using a URL shortener if you’re posting your resume in paper, a Tweet. Hey, who knows, maybe it’s worth blasting the United States Government Essay company you want work for by mentioning them in your Tweet. You can also create hashtags with keywords that recruiters might search for so you can be easily found. Leveraging Twitter to post your resume online and get in front of more people is a no-brainer for someone who is unemployed or actively seeking work. A great resource (especially for recent grads) is to utilize the career center from of the, your college to post your resume online.

To be clear, university career centers are for all alumni -- not just recent grads and current students. Many employers browse career centers of United States Essay, specific colleges because they’ve had success with talent from nationalist, a handful of United, universities. As an example, one company we spoke with that employs over 3,000 people specifically looks for analyst positions from one university. It’s hard to imagine other companies don’t do the same thing. Having your resume on your university career center can also open up opportunities for the university itself to promote you. Several alumni associations have groups on LinkedIn and Facebook.

Many also offer resume writing help, cover letter writing help, and interview assistance. At the end of the civic nationalist day, the success rate might still depend on the reputation of your university and the type of employers coming to United States Essay the university career center website to find candidates. If your skills and career trajectory match those employers, you’re probably going to get a lot better result than someone who doesn’t. CareerCloud is at the forefront of compare, social and mobile in the job search and States, recruitment process. Compare Research Paper. We are a career media company that publishes articles and avice for and Federalism today's job seeker.

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Indian Freedom Fighters Essays and Research Papers. called as Netaji, was one of the most prominent leaders of Indian freedom struggle. • Subhash Chandra Bose was born on . January 23, 1897 in Cuttack, Orissa. • Subhash Chandra Bose was the ninth child among fourteen siblings. • Subhash Chandra Bose was a brilliant student right from the childhood. United Government Essay! • He founded Indian National Congress. Bal Gangadhar Tilak • Bal Gangadhar Tilak is considered as Father of Indian National Movement. • Bal Gangadhar Tilak was born on July. Bal Gangadhar Tilak , India , Indian independence activists 678 Words | 3 Pages. all Indians under the British rule. Everyone during that rule fought in some way or the other with a common aim of heart darkness ending British and Essay, other . colonial authorities in India. Are By Products Of Cellular Respiration! After a century of revolutions, struggle, blood shedding, battles and sacrifices, India finally achieved independence on August 15, 1947. India was free in 1947 from the British Empire but the country lost many men and United and Federalism Essay, women who were filled with undaunted courage and wolf, spirit of patriotism. Government And Federalism Essay! Today, they are known as freedom fighters.

British Empire , Gujarat , Indian independence activists 905 Words | 3 Pages. the Indian freedom struggle. His sole aim was the freedom of his country and he termed it as a necessity and didn’t . agree with Gandhiji on heart darkness, the terms that it can be negotiated. States Essay! He was well educated and believed that there should be complete intolerance for caste-differentiation, racism or religious separation. His was so active in nationalist the Indian National Congress that he was arrested several times by the British Government. Soon he realised that international backing was a must for India’s freedom and.

Bhagat Singh , British Raj , Hindustan Socialist Republican Association 1079 Words | 5 Pages. ? Sardar vallabhabhai patel Sardar Vallabhbhai Jhaverbhai Patel was an Indian barrister and United Government and Federalism Essay, statesman, one of the leaders of the . Indian National Congress and one of the founding fathers of the Republic of India. Products! He was a social leader who played a leading role in the country's struggle for independence and guided its integration into United, a united, independent nation. In India and elsewhere, he was often addressed as Sardar, which means Chief in Hindi, Urdu and Persian. Sardar Vallabhbhai Jhaverbhai. Bhagat Singh , British Raj , India 1410 Words | 4 Pages.

central figure in Indian politics for much of the 20th century. He emerged as the paramount leader of the Indian Independence . Movement under Mahatma Gandhi and ruled India from its establishment as an independent nation in and contrast 1947 until his death in office in 1964. Nehru is considered to be the architect of the modern Indian nation-state; a sovereign, socialist, secular, and United Government Essay, democratic republic. A committed nationalist since his teenage years, Nehru became a rising figure in compare research Indian politics during the. India , Indian National Congress , Indira Gandhi 2592 Words | 5 Pages. The Lgbt: Misunderstood Freedom Fighters. The LGBT: Misunderstood Freedom Fighters The lesbians, gays, bisexuals and States and Federalism Essay, transgendered are some of the most misunderstood . persons in ‘Titus Andronicus our world today. People have grown close-minded and judgmental towards them, unfortunately unaware of the effects of those actions. Imagine being seen as an outcast everywhere you go, in which you do not have a sense of belongingness and security.

People cast you disgusted looks, as if your presence alone makes them uncomfortable. United States Government Essay! These are what the compare research, lesbians, gays. Bisexuality , Gay , Homosexuality 1209 Words | 4 Pages. Essay ELC Cause and Effect Emma van der Maas ICV1A Terrorist or freedom fighter Terrorists are evil . and want only to United States Government and Federalism Essay destroy and terrorise the western society. They all have beards and see the Quran as their holy mean to convey this awful jihad (holy war). They have their ways and beliefs to justify their terrorist actions and they do not care about the Love in Rappaccini’s Hawthorne Essay, people they hurt or kill. Or do they? Is the ‘western world’ not forgetting that we for States Government Essay, centuries have excluded these.

Fairy tale , Hamas , Narrative 2121 Words | 6 Pages. 23, 2014 American Indians and Freedom American Indians have striven for civic nationalist, freedom ceaselessly since . the United Government and Federalism, colonization in 1800s. But for Essay about ‘Titus Andronicus, different American Indians , the definitions of freedom vary a lot. For the chief Seattle, the writer of States Government and Federalism AUTHENTIC TEXT OF CHIEF SEATTLE’S TREATY ORATION 1854, the and contrast, freedom means the rights to live with the nature harmoniously and to keep their religion and traditions. United And Federalism! For Carlos Montezuma, the writer of Let My People Go, the darkness, definition of freedom is States and Federalism Essay, very absolute and. Hawaii , Law , Mexican American 1183 Words | 5 Pages. down permanently in India. Chengis Khan, the Mongolian, invaded and looted India many times. Columbus wanted to come to India, but instead landed on research paper, the . shores of States and Federalism Essay America. Vasco da Gama from Portugal came to trade his country's goods in return for Indian species.

The French came and of cellular, established their colonies in States Government and Federalism India. Are By Products Respiration! The British achieved political power in India. And while the United and Federalism Essay, British power gained its heights during the middle of the 19th century, the resentment of the local rulers, the farmers. British Empire , British Raj , Delhi 1303 Words | 4 Pages. Fighter Jets in the Indian Air Force. the Sukhoi Su-30 jointly-developed by Russia's Sukhoi Corporation and nationalist, India's Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL) for the Indian Air Force . (IAF).

It is a heavy class, long-range air superiority fighter which can also act as a multirole, strike fighter aircraft. The development of the variant started after India signed a deal with Russia in 2000 to manufacture 140 Su-30 fighter jets.[4] The first Russian-made Su-30MKI variant was integrated into the IAF in 2002,[5] while the first indigenously assembled. Air-to-air missile , Fighter aircraft , Indian Air Force 1506 Words | 4 Pages. Nelson mandela - a freedom fighter or terrorist. Nelson Mandela - The Fight For Freedom Imagine living in your own country where drinking from the wrong water fountain could get you into . jail. These are the types of dangers that a black South African, or also known as the United States and Federalism, ‘coloured’ person, could get into. The ‘coloured’ and the ‘non-coloured’ were forced to ride on separate trains, go to separate schools, and were even forced to sit on different benches. In 1913, 7.3% of the South African land is was given to the blacks, who take took up. Africa , Black people , Johannesburg 1019 Words | 3 Pages. Boyz in the Hood and Black Freedom Fighters.

the themes of Boyz in the Hood written by John Singleton and Black Freedom Fighters in Steel by Ruth Needleman. Boyz in the Hood . is a film that follows the lives of Essay about Andronicus a group of United States Government and Federalism young African Americans living in South Central Los Angeles, California. Products! Each main character faces some common struggle modern day children and teens face today. Their fate relies on what they decide to do about their common struggle. In Black Freedom Fighters in Steel, you glimpse into the lives of five men connected by one.

African American , Boyz n the United States Government and Federalism Essay, Hood , Hood 1847 Words | 5 Pages. Role of Gujarat in Freedom Struggle. ROLE OF GUJARAT IN FREEDOM STRUGGLE Gujarat played a vital role in Indian freedom struggle. Many incidents such . as Satyagraha were started in Gujarat. Many freedom fighters took part in Indian freedom struggle.They are as follows: Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi Mahatma Gandhi (Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi) was born into a Hindu Modh family in Porbandar, Gujarat, India in Love Theme in Rappaccini’s daughter by Nathaniel Hawthorne Essay 1869. Government And Federalism Essay! He was the son of Karamchand Gandhi, the divan (Chief Minister) of Porbandar, and Putlibai, Karamchand fourth wife (his. Gandhians , Gujarat , Indian independence activists 705 Words | 3 Pages. Brave Ladies of Indian Freedom Movement. been a beacon of inspiration to many women. What Products Respiration! At a time when women were oppressed to a large extent in many states, she was one of the first few women who . stepped out and took the reins of leadership in her own hands. As the first woman President of Indian National Congress and Governor of Uttar Pradesh, she displayed some rare qualities.

Her poems continue to inspire us. vijaya laxmi pandit Rani Lakshmi Bai was the queen of the princely state of Jhansi, which. Baji Rao II , British Raj , Gwalior 708 Words | 3 Pages. stronger as a person and helps us keep moving through our lives. Government! Sometimes the environment that surrounds us tries to belittle us by making us feel useless . and by making us believe we won’t be able to accomplish our goals. In Gym class Heroes song “The fighter ”, the American band encourages people to not give up in life and Love in Rappaccini’s, always keep fighting, as they describe the journey of a boxer. The song explains the struggles he has to face every day; like his fears and a confused society. The opening.

Blazing Star , Debut albums , Gym Class Heroes 1019 Words | 3 Pages. Te Whiti O Rongomai - a Freedom Fighter. The freedom fighter that I have chosen to focus on United, is Te Whiti O Rongomai. He is a significant figure in our history who has . By Nathaniel! shaped peoples lives. He is an inspirational, original thinker who was driven by the times in which he lived, a time of persecution of Maori rights.

His actions continue to be remembered today. The four questions that I address in United States and Federalism my essay are: Who was Te Whiti and Love Theme daughter by Nathaniel Hawthorne, why is United States and Federalism Essay, he known as a freedom fighter ? What techniques did he use? What did his actions lead to? Which Human. Civil disobedience , Maori , New Zealand 1297 Words | 4 Pages. Role of Press in Indian Freedom Struggle.

Indigo crop for the white traders. This resulted in the formation of a Neel Commission. Later, the paper was taken over by Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar. In Rappaccini’s Daughter Essay! The . paper strongly opposed the Government's excesses and demanded that Indians be appointed to top government posts. The Indian Mirror was the other contemporary of United States Essay this paper which was very popular among the reading public. Yet another weekly, Amrita Bazar Patrika which was being published from Jessore, was critical of the government, with the. Bipin Chandra Pal , India , India House 1815 Words | 6 Pages. An Independance Day INDEPENDANCE DAY means a day when we had got freedom from not only our brute rulers but freedom from Essay ‘Titus Andronicus want . from United Government Essay fulfillment of right needs and from dishumilitation it means we have got our own identity and our own valves. India is celebrating her 63rd independence day.

In these 62 years our independence, India became one of the sparknotes, world’s largest economies in terms of growth On 15 August 1947, India attained freedom from the British Rule. United Government And Federalism! Every year, August 15 is celebrated as the. British Empire , Indian independence activists , Indian independence movement 803 Words | 3 Pages. 1920(1920-08-01) (aged 64), was an of cellular, Indian nationalist, teacher, social reformer and independence fighter who was the first . popular leader of the Indian Independence Movement. United States And Federalism! The British colonial authorities derogatorily called the great leader as Father of the Indian unrest. He was also conferred with the honorary title of Lokmanya, which literally means Accepted by products the people (as their leader).

Tilak was one of the first and strongest advocates of Swaraj (self-rule) in United States Government Essay Indian consciousness. His famous. India , Indian independence activists , Indian independence movement 8546 Words | 20 Pages. Struggle of and contrast paper Indian Women During Revolution. Women in Indian Freedom Struggle Women in Indian Freedom Struggle have played a vital role with . immense courage, confidence and United Government and Federalism Essay, patriotism. They were the iconic figures in Indian political arena. Role of Women in Independence Movement Women in Indian freedom struggle have significantly contributed almost at par with their male counterparts in fighting the Essay about ‘Titus, British yoke. The initiative, bravery, guts and headship that the women have showed in the freedom movements for the country’s. British Empire , British Raj , India 1308 Words | 4 Pages. Freedom of Speech Freedom of States Essay speech is are by of cellular respiration, arguably the most precious gift of democracy.

Democracy nurtures freedom . of speech of its citizens. Citizens, in turn, safeguard democracy by voicing their protest against each and every violation of democratic rights of United States Essay people. Evolution of heart of the democracy is nothing but a history of the extension of the right of freedom of speech from the limited group of privileged citizens to the universal right of every citizen granted by United States and Federalism democratic regimes of the civic nationalist, world. Government And Federalism! It. Declaration of the darkness, Rights of Man and States and Federalism Essay, of the sparknotes, Citizen , Democracy , Freedom of speech 1367 Words | 5 Pages. Evaluate the United and Federalism, Statement, “One Person's Terrorist Is Another Person's Freedom Fighter.” Evaluate the statement, “One person's terrorist is another person's freedom fighter .” According to Dictionary.com, the . definition of “terrorist” is “a person, usually a member of the sea wolf sparknotes a group, who advocates terrorism or a person who frightens others.” As for the phase “ freedom fighter ”, it refers to United and Federalism Essay “a person who battles against established forces of tyranny and of the, dictatorship.” In the Western media, and often in the world media “Terrorists” are always described as violent people, and enemies of world. Islam , Organized crime , Terrorism 1220 Words | 3 Pages. Role of Women in Indian's Struggle for Freedom. Role of Women in India’s Struggle for Freedom Introduction The history of Indian Freedom Struggle would be . incomplete without mentioning the contributions of United Government and Federalism women. The sacrifice made by the women of India will occupy the foremost place.

They fought with true spirit and undaunted courage and faced various tortures, exploitations and heart, hardships to earn us freedom . When most of the and Federalism, men freedom fighters were in prison the women came forward and took charge of the struggle. Sparknotes! The list of and Federalism great women. British Empire , British Raj , India 2148 Words | 7 Pages. TGT(S. Sc.) Topic :- Role of Women in Freedom struggle of India Women of the freedom struggle ? India has for a long time . produced of ‘Titus most as feckless female as she did male ones. Unlike in most other civilizations and States Government, contrary to popular belief, Indian women played politically and socially important roles since times unknown. HERE is a look at a few such forgotten women heroes of the darkness, Indian freedom struggle. ? Women’s participation in India’s freedom struggle began as early as 1817 when BHIMA. Indian independence movement , Indian National Congress , Jawaharlal Nehru 2004 Words | 20 Pages. Freedom Fighters of India Vallabhbhai Patel His brave deeds earned Vallabhbhai Patel the States Government and Federalism Essay, title of the iron man of India. Love Theme In Rappaccini’s! For . his role in the Bardoli Satyagraha, Patel came to be called the Sardar.

Sardar Patel was a famous lawyer but gave up his practice in order to fight for the freedom of the Government Essay, country. After independence he became the heart darkness, deputy PM of India and played an important role the integration of India by merging numerous princely states with the Indian Union. Bal Gangadhar Tilak Bal. Bhagat Singh , British Raj , India 11795 Words | 45 Pages. proud of our freedom . States Government! We are proud of our democracy. We are proud of our values and ideals. But we should also remember that it has taken the . sacrifices of lakhs of darkness Indians to bring us where we are today. Our well being and United States and Federalism Essay, progress have been built upon the foundation of the hard work and Love daughter Hawthorne, sacrifices of our freedom fighters , the brave jawans of our armed forces, our farmers, our workers and States Government Essay, our scientists. Today, we remember all those martyrs who laid down their lives for the freedom and security. Bengal , History of India , India 1234 Words | 4 Pages. - India.

It was on this day in 1947 that India became independent. We won freedom after a hard struggle. Paper! On this day our first Prime Minister . Pundit Jawaharlal Nehruunfurled The National Flag at The Red Fort for the first time. Government And Federalism! All the people irrespective of their caste, look and creed celebrate this day everyyear amidst great rejoicing. It is declared a public holiday. On this day we take a pledge to Hawthorne Essay defend our freedom with all our might.

The Independence Day is celebrated all over India. Delhi , India , Indian independence movement 756 Words | 3 Pages. Indian Independence Movement and Essay, Indian National Congress. November 1889 – 27 May 1964) was the heart, first Prime Minister of India and a central figure in Indian politics for much of the 20th century. He . emerged as the paramount leader of the Indian independence movement under the tutelage ofMahatma Gandhi and ruled India from its establishment as an independent nation in 1947 until his death in office in 1964. Nehru is considered to be the architect of the modern Indian nation-state: a sovereign, socialist, secular, and democratic republic. The son of United States Essay Motilal. East India Company , India , Indian independence movement 1588 Words | 5 Pages. ? Freedom ? Or Restriction?

Mr. Musselman Cheongna Dalton School Class Section A Hyun Jun Han Theoretical Psychology . Experiment Title: Freedom ? Or Restriction? Name: Hyunjun Han Institutional Affiliation: Cheongna Dalton School Class section: A Introduction For long there has been a surplus of sparknotes controversy regarding the United Government and Federalism Essay, human race’s choice between freedom and restriction. Heart Darkness! Do people excel in Essay a environment where they are restricted, or do they excel when they are completely. Experiment , Grammar , Human 1033 Words | 6 Pages. ?Michelle Marano Mr. Weir ENG3U1 May 30th, 2012 The importance . of Freedoms Freedom is a very important aspect of a society, without freedom people live in compare research paper fear and insecurity.

Benjamin Franklin once said “Any society that would give up a little liberty to gain a little security will deserve nether and States Government and Federalism, lose both” (Franklin). Throughout history one can see how much control the governments have had over their. Censorship , Democracy , Freedom of speech 1466 Words | 6 Pages. ?IN MY opinion, our teenagers nowadays are enjoying too much freedom compared to wolf sparknotes those before. Freedom helps teens feel more . powerful and self-confident. But too much freedom can easily backfire, leaving a teen floundering. Some of them start taking advantage of too much freedom . Although teenagers might be reluctant to States Government admit it, they still need the stability that parental authority can offer. Darkness! Some parents remain so busy with their work that they forget their responsibilities towards their children. Adolescence , Childhood , Developmental psychology 1011 Words | 3 Pages.

Freedom Are you free? The following essay will explore the concept of freedom . But what is Government and Federalism Essay, freedom ? . According to what are by of cellular Wikipedia “ freedom is the United States and Federalism Essay, quality of being free.” However, it depends on how people see their own freedom . In addition, this essay will explain more about this concept with different texts such as, “Eveline” By James Joyce, “Tosca” by Isabel Allende, and “The Myth of Sisyphus” by Albert Camus. These essays will show us different points of view of what freedom is and which. Absurdism , Albert Camus , Isabel Allende 1014 Words | 3 Pages. ? Freedom has been a rallying call for reformers and revolutionaries throughout human history. The passion and sacrifice poured into that cause . has however, not been based on any general consensus about the civic, definition of the term. Almost the first thing to strike any student of the subject is the bewildering variety of concepts, social constructs and meanings that have become attached to this single emotive word. This is an States Government and Federalism Essay, issue in human history far too important to be ignored in this series of Essays. Liberalism , Libertarian socialism , Liberty 1333 Words | 4 Pages.

A Short Essay on Freedom What exactly is freedom ? Can you taste it, see it, reach out and touch it? The . answer to these questions is no. However, if reflected upon, freedom can certainly be felt, not by the hands but by the emotion called feeling. Civic Nationalist! Since all we can do is describe properties of freedom , the States Government and Federalism, question remains how freedom is explainable with words. Youth are not burdened by Essay about ‘Titus restrictions placed upon adults; therefore, a simpler idea of being able to. Activity , Body fluid , Body fluids 963 Words | 3 Pages. ?Ethan Wieland Mrs. Trickel 2nd Period Social Studies 12/16/14 Loyalty vs. United States Government! Freedom You have just returned home from a day’s work in the shop, . when all of a sudden your door is ‘Titus, kicked down. The dust settles.

Four British troops enter, weapons drawn. United And Federalism Essay! One of the troops comes and points his rifle at your chest, bayonet stabbing your skin. “Are you loyal to Essay England, or are you a rebel traitor, a patriot?” You look towards your family, cowering in the corner. You know that your decision will mean life. American Revolution , British Empire , England 948 Words | 4 Pages. Samantha Briley Ms. Haupt ENG3UV-02 5 July 2013 Freedom is being accepted.

Freedom is United States Government, defined as “the state of being free . or at liberty rather than in confinement or under physical restraint” (Dictonary.com).When you arrive to a new town you are somewhat free, although unless you are accepted by the town, you won’t feel free. In his short story, The Strangers that Came to Town, Ambrose Flack shows that true freedom is about being accepted. This is shown by the people in town mocking the Duvitches. 1989 albums , Blake Lively , English-language films 745 Words | 3 Pages. Orissa Review Role of Women in India’s Struggle For Freedom Siddhartha Dash The entire history of the paper, freedom movement is . replete with the States Essay, saga of bravery, sacrifice and political sagacity of hundreds and thousands of women of research paper our country. States! Their participation in the struggle began as early as 1817 when Bhima Bai Holkar fought agaist the British Colonel Malcolm and defeated him in guerilla warfare.

At a very critical time for wolf sparknotes, our mother land when the United and Federalism Essay, British East India Company was fast expanding. India , Indian independence activists , Indian independence movement 1763 Words | 5 Pages. ? Freedom vs. Predestination Perform a comparative analysis that reflects the difference between freedom and predestination. . Provide an civic, example of each and reflect how these theories are applicable for today's society. Submission Requirements: Submit your answer in Essay no less than 500 words in an MS Word document. Cite sources in APA format. Font: Arial; 12-point Line Spacing: Double ethical system: egoism?

If they must always act in heart their own self- interest because that is simply the way. Determinism , Free will , Metaphysics 1285 Words | 3 Pages. concentrate and do the session delivery seriously. There the quote was quite related because we had the freedom to be a teacher trainer but we . have to Essay be more responsible and develop certain habit, there with the freedom comes the Theme daughter by Nathaniel Essay, responsibility. Looking at the history of freedom one can always see war as the synonyma for the freedom . The first thing that comes in our mind when we talk about freedom is war and quarrels. United Government And Federalism Essay! This phrase is heart of the, mostly used by the people to show gratitude towards those who have.

English-language films , Free will , Human 1796 Words | 4 Pages. outside protected areas. On conviction, the penalty for hunting is imprisonment for a period ranging from a minimum of three to a maximum of Essay seven years with . fines not less than 10,000 rupees. 2. The Indian Forest Act (1927) and Forest Acts of State Governments The main objective of the Indian Forest Act (1927) was to secure exclusive state control over Love in Rappaccini’s Hawthorne forests to meet the demand for timber. Most of these untitled lands had traditionally belonged to the forest dwelling communities. The Act defined. Anas , Bird , Birds of United Essay Asia 1561 Words | 4 Pages. “We shall never leave this house, nor let it be taken from us.

This is wolf sparknotes, our home and States Government Essay, the end of our journey… we shall not share it with others, as we share no . other joy with them this is the end of our days” (Rand 91). Prometheus sets the tone for freedom in this home, where no man can take happiness or joy away. Because of the council and their society, the men can now understand what it feels like to be in control of their own lives, without anyone to point out what they are required to do. Similarly. Ayn Rand 1176 Words | 3 Pages. When judging the the sea wolf, advancements of Native Americans to others one might look into the perspective of the and Federalism, surrounding environment of sparknotes certain tribes. For . example, many woodland Indians such as the ones on the Eastern Coast were more advanced as to making tools and trading with other local tribes. While other Native American groups stayed in States and Federalism a routine of making the same crops, and using the same weapons, others experimented with what they were given and used different techniques to aid in their success. By the Way , Christopher Columbus , Cleveland Indians 1589 Words | 4 Pages. Many writers’ feel strongly about ‘ Freedom ’ and how important it is. Compare how they use language to convey what they feel’.

In this essay . I’m going to be analysing and explaining three poems that I have chosen from the variety of Andronicus poems that we studied in Government the anthology called “The Struggle for what products, Freedom .” The poems I have chosen are: “Still I Rise,” “Warning,” and “Black Brown and White.” I’m going to be comparing the use of United and Federalism language, poetic devices, and the range of techniques the different writers. Maya Angelou , Poetry 1262 Words | 3 Pages. ? A Life of Freedom Austin Norton History 1032 Dr. Arnold-Lourie 9/24/2013 In the 19th Century the Love in Rappaccini’s daughter Hawthorne Essay, . Indian community faced harsh scrutiny. They were a misunderstood group of people who just like the blacks, wanted freedom and to United States Government be accepted in America. In 1869, Indians had thought their prayers had been answered when Ulysses S. Grant announced a new “Peace Policy” in the west. “In reality the [peace] policy rested on the belief that Americans had the right.

19th century , Abraham Lincoln , American Civil War 847 Words | 3 Pages. Indian Independence Movement and the sea, India. substantially. At the stroke of the United Government, midnight hour, when the world sleeps, India will awake to life and freedom . A moment comes, which comes but . rarely in history, when we step out from the Essay ‘Titus Andronicus, old to the new, when an age ends and when the soul of a nation, long suppressed, finds utterance. We end today a period of ill fortune, and India discovers herself again. - Jawaharlal Nehru (Speech on United States Essay, Indian Independence Day, 1947) History of Independence Day On the nationalist, eve of India’s independence, Pandit. British Empire , British Raj , India 1832 Words | 6 Pages. Martin Luther King, Jr.: Fighter for Freedom.

and with his words, which touched not only United States Government his followers, but also his adversaries. He preached concern for families, friends, and neighbors. He preached for . those who worked for Essay ‘Titus, justice, freedom , and peace. He preached for the victims of hunger, fear, oppression, and sorrow. United And Federalism! Most of all, he preached for the freedom of his people (“Martin Luther King: Preacher, Prophet, Poet”). He spoke daily, often several times a day. Most are familiar with his “I Have a Dream” speech, his declaration made in the. African American , Civil disobedience , Coretta Scott King 1509 Words | 4 Pages.

retarded fag! at Arnold. The language is offensive. It’s hurtful, ignorant, and crude, but it’s not uncommon to hear young boys talk that way. Why does . Rowdy use that language? In Sherman Alexie’s novel, The Absolutely True Diary of a Part Time Indian , Arnold’s best friend Rowdy calls him a “retarded fag” for transferring at the start of their freshman year of what are by products high school. Due to his background as a child, Rowdy uses cruel language and hurtful gestures anytime Arnold and Rowdy came face to United States Government face.

Sherman Alexie , The Absolutely True Diary of a Part-Time Indian , The Beautiful Life 1007 Words | 3 Pages. Role of Students in the Struggle of nationalist Freedom. and linguistic differences are popularly known as Kashmiris. The people of States Government and Federalism Essay Kashmir are the long—suffering people in South Asia and about, undoubtedly their struggle . for States, freedom is and contrast research paper, a long-running popular movement like any other freedom struggle. For Indian and Pakistan it may be a dispute but for Kashmiris it is their right to Government and Federalism Essay fight for their freedom and heart, the right of self determination. Kashmir is also a central factor determining political and economical relations between India and States Government, Pakistan This can easily. Azad Kashmir , Jammu and Essay about ‘Titus, Kashmir , Kargil War 1384 Words | 5 Pages. History of the Indian Frontier Wars In today’s world, Americans aren’t known to and Federalism “take over” Indians land. Why so? It has been . done in wolf sparknotes the early revolution dating back to the year of 1622.

Before 1622, North America was mainly claimed by the Indian folk. Essay! However, the settlers that ventured into North America believed that the Indians had no right claiming the land, and Love by Nathaniel, soon took over, as time progressed. As the years went on, disagreements amongst the States Government Essay, English men and Indians grew. In the year. American Revolution , Canada , French and Indian War 1105 Words | 3 Pages. problems. Low income citizens would much prefer the cash than the myriad of in-kind benefits they receive today and most likely could stretch the dollars . The Sea Wolf Sparknotes! much further to improve their standard of living. States And Federalism! This would give the poor far more opportunity, freedom , dignity and most of all control over their lives. This would ultimately make welfare more affordable for the tax payer. If we look into all 13 antipoverty programs of the sparknotes, federal government as a welfare system in whole, we can quickly determine.

Conditional Cash Transfer , Poverty , Temporary Assistance for Needy Families 2022 Words | 6 Pages. Terrorists or Freedom Fighters ? The word terrorism carries a very negative connotation in the western world. The attacks on United States Government Essay, . the compare, World Trade Center in New York City, the Government and Federalism Essay, Unabomber, and countless atrocities the modern news is about ‘Titus, plagued with frequently skews what terrorism is and what terrorists are. During the American Revolution, the colonist rebels used terrorist tactics to Government win the war and secure their freedom . Wolf! They were considered freedom fighters , not terrorists. However, when opinions are taken. Easter Rising , Ireland , Irish nationalism 3117 Words | 9 Pages.

Role of Marathi Press in Freedom Movement of India. India[2] Occupation freedom fighter , activist, linguistic activist, poet, author Language Konkani Ethnicity Konkani . Ravindra Kelekar (March 25, 1925 – August 27, 2010) was a noted Indian author who wrote primarily in the Konkani language, though he also wrote in Marathi and Hindi.[3] A Gandhian activist, freedom fighter and a pioneer in United Government Essay the modern Konkani movement, he is a well known Konkani scholar, linguist, and nationalist, creative thinker. Kelkar was a participant in Government the Indian freedom movement, Goa’s. Goa , India , Indian literature 1204 Words | 5 Pages. Freedom Of Indian Press Freedom of Press In India DESPITE BEING the largest Democracy in the World, the . Indian Press has never been accorded a free status. Compare And Contrast! A survey of States Government and Federalism civil and political liberties carried out by Freedom House listed the Indian press as being partly free. What is of concern here is that it figured even below countries like Burkina Faso, Cape Verde, Comoros, Ecuador and about ‘Titus Andronicus, El Salvador. Ever since, the time of Hickey, the administration has recognized the potential of United the. Burkina Faso , Democracy , Freedom of what products respiration speech 440 Words | 2 Pages. A study of Indian history from States Government and Federalism 16th to 20th centuries will indicate that the transition from feudalism to modern society has been slow and . Civic Nationalist! incomplete despite the United Government, occasional turbulence, turmoil, wars, social reforms, and intellectual ferment. It was during the heart, mid-19th century (First War of Independence) and the 20th century freedom movement that the Indian newspapers played a powerful and prominent role in questioning the United Essay, forces of authority, social prejudices and the suppression of personal liberty.

Advertising , India , Johannes Gutenberg 1990 Words | 6 Pages. IIndian nationalism Indian nationalism refers to wolf the many underlying forces that molded the Indian independence movement, and . United Government And Federalism Essay! strongly continue to influence the politics of India, as well as being the heart of many contrasting ideologies that have caused ethnic and religious conflict in Indian society. Indian nationalism often imbibes the consciousness of Indians that prior to 1947, India embodied the broader Indian subcontinent and influenced a part of Asia, known as Greater India. Civic Nationalist! National. Bengal , British Raj , Empires and kingdoms of India 1770 Words | 5 Pages. In a landmark judgment of the case Maneka Gandhi v. Union of India,[2] the Supreme Court held that the freedom of United States Government Essay speech and expression has no . geographical limitation and it carries with it the heart of the darkness, right of a citizen to gather information and to exchange thought with others not only in India but abroad also. The constitution of Government India does not specifically mention the freedom of the sea wolf press. Freedom of States Essay press is heart, implied from the Article 19(1)(a) of the Constitution. Thus the press is subject to Essay the restrictions.

Contempt of court , Democracy , First Amendment to darkness the United States Constitution 1897 Words | 5 Pages. fifty-three years there have been regular elections to States Government the Parliament and state legislatures. This reflects the maturity and wisdom of the . Indian electorate, in whom the ultimate power and sovereignty rests. With the passage of time, Indian voters have become more assertive and about, active as regards their participation in Government and Federalism Essay the process of democracy. The turnout of Indian voters has significantly increased during the past elections. Nationalist! It was about States Government Essay, 52% only during the Lok Sabha elections of 1952 which increased. Communist state , Democracy , Government 1369 Words | 4 Pages. Nelson Mandela - Long Walk to Freedom. Nelson Mandela in of the darkness his book, Long Walk to Freedom argues through the first five parts that a black individual must deal, coop, and grow through . a society that is hindering their lives#8217; with apartheid and suppression of their rightful land. Rolihlanla Mphakanyiswa or clan name, Madiba was born on July 18, 1918 in a simple village of Mvezo, which was not accustomed to the happenings of South Africa as a whole. His father was an respected man who led a good life, but lost it because of a dispute.

Africa , African National Congress , Constitution of South Africa 2253 Words | 6 Pages. Terrorism as a Social Construct , Indian Context. focusses on how terrorism is United States and Federalism, a social construct. With special reference to India I have tried to the sea wolf sparknotes accentuate factors that seem to reiterate on the above. | . Do you think terrorism is a social construction, discuss it with suitable examples from the Indian context? Probably INTRODUCTION “The most significant contribution of sociological thinking to our understanding of terrorism is the realization that it is a social construction” (Turk,2004:271). The sociologists like to believe that. Emile Durkheim , Sociology , Terrorism 1341 Words | 4 Pages. April 22, 2010 Indian Independence India, in the 18th century was ruled by the British for two centuries.

The Indians . wanted freedom from the British. British looted and caused fights in United States and Federalism Essay India and treated them with no respect. The Indian Independence was caused by British Imperialism. The British wanted to take over India, but India wanted freedom as well since it’s their country not the British. Although politics and nationalism were important causes of the Indian Independence Movement.

Bengal , British Empire , British Raj 1255 Words | 5 Pages.

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8 Steps to Writing the Perfect Personal Essay. It#39;s your first day back in English class and you are given the assignment to write a personal essay. Do you remember how? You will, with the reminders below. Government And Federalism! Your teacher has a good reason for this assignment.

The personal essay is the sea wolf sparknotes helpful to teachers because it gives them a snapshot of States Government and Federalism, your grasp of language, composition, and creativity. The assignment is really quite easy, it#39;s about heart darkness you after all, so this is States Government and Federalism your opportunity to shine! It#39;s a good idea to start by making sure you understand the composition of an essay. The simplest structure has just three parts: an introduction, a body of information, and a conclusion. You will hear of the five-paragraph essay.

It has three paragraphs in Hawthorne Essay the body instead of States, one. The Sea Wolf! Simple. The introduction : Start your personal essay with an interesting sentence that hooks your readers. You want them to want to read more. If you need topic ideas, see No.

2. Once you have a compelling topic, decide on the main idea you want to communicate and and Federalism Essay introduce it with a bang. Body : The body of your essay consists of one to three paragraphs that inform your readers about the topic you introduced. An outline can be helpful before you begin so your thoughts are organized. Wolf Sparknotes! Paragraphs often have the same structure as the entire essay. They begin with a sentence that introduces the States and Federalism, point and draws the what of cellular, reader in. United States Government And Federalism Essay! The middle sentences of the paragraph provide information about the point, and a concluding sentence drives home your view and leads to the next point. Each new idea is civic a signal to start a new paragraph. Each paragraph should be a logical progression from the previous idea and lead to the next idea or the conclusion.

Keep your paragraphs relatively short. Ten lines is a good rule. If you write concisely, you can say a lot in ten lines. The conclusion : Close your essay with a final paragraph that summarizes the points you have made and states your final opinion. This is where you offer insights or lessons learned, or share how you were, or will be, changed because of your approach to the topic. The best conclusions are tied to the opening paragraph.

Continue Reading Below. Some days we are brimming over States Essay, with topics to write about, and darkness other times it can be difficult to States Government and Federalism Essay come up with a single idea. And Contrast Research Paper! There are things you can do to inspire yourself. Check out our lists of United States and Federalism, ideas. Write in a stream of consciousness. Open a blank document and write whatever comes into your mind, without stopping, until you#39;ve got three pages. It#39;s a mind dump. Don#39;t stop, even if you have to write that you don#39;t know what to write next. Julia Cameron, in her book The Artist#39;s Way, calls this technique Morning Pages and suggests you practice it every morning upon in Rappaccini’s by Nathaniel Essay, waking. United And Federalism! Do a little research. Browsing tends to get the creative juices flowing.

There are a lot of places beyond the Internet to nationalist do research. Don#39;t steal ideas, let them inspire you to write about your own ideas. Continue Reading Below. English grammar is tough, and United Government and Federalism Essay even native English speakers find it tricky. If you feel like you need a refresher, there are resources available to you. One of the most important books on my shelf is my old Harbrace College Handbook . The pages are yellow, stained with coffee, and about well read. If it’s been a long while since you opened a grammar book, get one. And then use it.

Here are some additional grammar resources: Use Your Own Voice and United States Vocabulary. Language is heart more than grammar. One of the things your teacher will be looking for is use of the active voice. Government! The active voice tells your reader exactly who is doing what. Passive : An essay was assigned. Active : Ms. Peterson assigned a personal essay about Essay ‘Titus Andronicus summer vacation. Personal essays are casual and full of feeling.

If you write from the heart about something you feel passionate about, you will evoke emotion in your readers. When you show readers exactly how you feel about something, they can usually relate, and United that’s when you’ve made an impact, whether it’s on a teacher or a reader. Be firm about your opinion, your feelings, your views. Avoid weak words such as should, would, and could. The most powerful language is Essay ‘Titus Andronicus positive language. United States And Federalism! Write about what you are for rather than what you are against . Be for peace rather than against war.

Use the heart of the, voice that comes most naturally to you. Use your own vocabulary. When you honor your own voice, your age and life experience, your writing comes off as authentic, and States Essay it doesn’t get any better than that. Make sure you understand what constitutes plagiarism and of cellular respiration steer clear of it. This is your essay. Never use the work of other people and call it your own. Continue Reading Below.

Be Specific with Your Descriptions. Personal essays are your unique view of the topic. Be descriptive. Use all of your senses. Put your reader in your shoes and help them experience exactly what you saw, felt, smelled, heard, tasted. Were you nervous? What did that look like? Sweaty hands, stutter, drooping shoulders? Show us. Help us experience your essay.

Be Consistent with Your Point of View and Tense. Personal essays are just that, personal, meaning you are writing about yourself. This usually means writing in the first person, using the United Government, pronoun #34;I.#34; When you write in the first person, you are speaking for yourself only. In Rappaccini’s Daughter By Nathaniel! You can make observations of others, but you can’t speak for United States, them or truly know what they are thinking. Most personal essays are also written in the past tense. You are relating something that happened to you or the way you feel about something by giving examples. Wolf! You can write in States Government Essay the present tense if you want to. The main point here is to be consistent. Whichever tense you decide to use, stay in it. Don#39;t switch around. Heart Of The Darkness! Continue Reading Below.

No matter what you write, one of the most important parts of the writing process is editing. Let your essay sit for a day, at the very least for several hours. Get up and walk away from it. Do something completely different, and then read your essay with your readers in mind. Is your point clear? Is your grammar correct? Is your sentence structure correct? Is the structure of your composition logical? Does it flow? Is your voice natural?

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One of the best ways to become a better writer is to be an avid reader of good writing. If you want to master the art of the essay, read great essays! Read essays wherever you can find them: in newspapers, books, magazines, and online. Notice the Essay about ‘Titus, structure. Enjoy the art of United Essay, language used well. The Sea Wolf Sparknotes! Pay attention to United Government Essay how the end ties back to the beginning.

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Feeding Your Cat: Know the Basics of Feline Nutrition. If you do not want to read this entire webpage, please review this shortened version: Feeding Your Cat – Short version – 4 pages (updated November 2013) Many readers of this website have kindly donated their valuable time to and Federalism Essay translate this important information into various languages. Heart Of The! Please click PDF options for more information. Diet is the brick and mortar of health.

This web page lays out some often-ignored principles of feline nutrition and explains why cats have a better chance at optimal health if they are fed canned food (or a balanced homemade diet) instead of dry kibble . Putting a little thought into States and Federalism what you feed your cat(s) can pay big dividends over their lifetime and very possibly help them avoid serious, painful, and costly illnesses. An increasing number of nutrition-savvy veterinarians, including board-certified veterinary internists, are now strongly recommending the feeding of canned food instead of dry kibble. The three key negative issues associated with dry food are: 1) water content is and contrast too low. 2) carbohydrate load is too high. 3) type of protein – too high in plant-based versus animal-based proteins. In addition, dry food is very heavily processed which includes being subjected to high temperatures for a long time resulting in alteration and States Government Essay, destruction of nutrients. Dry food is also often contaminated with bacteria, fungal mycotoxins, storage mites/cockroaches and of the darkness, their feces, etc. Most people who are concerned about their own nutrition have heard nutritionists say “shop the Essay perimeter of the grocery store.” This statement refers to the push to get humans to focus on fresh food – not overly processed food found in boxes and cans. Where do you think kibble would reside in this scenario? Definitely not in the “perimeter”!

There is nothing fresh about this source of food and it certainly does not come close to resembling a bird or a mouse. Also keep in mind that dry foods are not refrigerated and they sit in warm warehouses, on pet store shelves, and in your cupboards for weeks or months before your pets consume them. Fats can easily become rancid, and the sea, bacteria will proliferate, in this type of environment. There is no doubt that dry food is responsible for far more intestinal problems, and other diseases, than most veterinarians and United Government, cat owners realize. Please click on the links below to read more about optimal nutrition for of the darkness cats. My Cat is Doing Just “Fine” on Dry Food!

Every living creature is “fine” until outward signs of a disease process are exhibited. That may sound like a very obvious and United States Essay, basic statement but if you think about it…… Every cat with a blocked urinary tract was “fine” until they started to strain to urinate and either died from a ruptured bladder or had to be rushed to the hospital for emergency catheterization. Every cat on the Feline Diabetes Message Board was “fine” until their owners started to recognize the signs of diabetes. Every cat with an inflamed bladder (cystitis) was “fine” until they ended up in severe pain, started passing blood in their urine, and began to refuse to use their litter box because they associated it with their pain. Every cat was “fine” until the feeding of species-inappropriate, hyperallergenic ingredients caught up with him and he started to show signs of food intolerance/IBD (inflammatory bowel disease). Every cat was “fine” until that kidney or bladder stone got big enough to cause clinical signs. Every cancer patient was “fine” until their tumor grew large enough or spread far enough so that clinical signs were observed by the patient.

The point is that diseases ‘brew’ long before being noticed by the living being. This is why the statement “but my cat is compare and contrast paper healthy/fine on dry food” means very little to me because I believe in United Government Essay, preventative nutrition – not locking the barn door after the horse is gone. I don’t want to end up saying “oops……I guess he is not so fine now!!” when a patient presents to me with a medical problem that could have been avoided if he would have been feed a species-appropriate diet to begin with. Of course, in order to be on board with the preventative nutrition argument, a person has to understand the following facts: 1 ) All urinary tract systems are much healthier with an appropriate amount of compare and contrast research water flowing through them. 2) Carbohydrates can wreak havoc on cats’ blood sugar/insulin balance. 3) Cats inherently have a low thirst drive and need to consume water *with* their food. (A cat’s normal prey is.

70 – 75% water – not the very low 5-10% found in United States Essay, dry food.) 4) Cats are strict carnivores which means they are designed to the sea get their protein from meat/organs – not plants. Cats are obligate (strict) carnivores and are very different from United Government Essay, dogs in their nutritional needs. The Sea Wolf Sparknotes! What does it mean to be an ‘obligate carnivore’? It means that your cat was built by Mother Nature to get her nutritional needs met by the consumption of a large amount of animal-based proteins (meat/organs) and derives much less nutritional support from plant-based proteins (grains/vegetables). It means that cats lack specific metabolic (enzymatic) pathways and cannot utilize plant proteins as efficiently as animal proteins. It is United States Government very important to remember that not all proteins are created equal. Proteins derived from animal tissues have a complete amino acid profile. (Amino acids are the building blocks of proteins. Think of them as pieces of a puzzle.) Plant-based proteins do not contain the compare research full complement (puzzle pieces) of the critical amino acids required by an obligate carnivore. The quality and composition of a protein (are all of the and Federalism puzzle pieces present?) is also referred to as its biological value . Humans and of the, dogs can take the pieces of the United and Federalism puzzle in what of cellular respiration, the plant protein and, from those, make the missing pieces.

Cats cannot do this. This is why humans and dogs can live on a vegetarian diet but cats cannot. (Note that I do not recommend vegetarian diets for dogs.) Taurine is United one of the compare and contrast research paper most important nutrients present in meat but it is missing from Government Essay, plants. Taurine deficiency will cause blindness and heart, heart problems in cats. The protein in and Federalism Essay, dry food, which is often heavily plant-based, is not equal in quality to the sea the protein in canned food, which is meat-based . The protein in dry food, therefore, earns a lower biological value score. Because plant proteins are cheaper than meat proteins, pet food companies will have a higher profit margin when using corn, wheat, soy, rice, etc. Andy – 18 years ago as a kitten. He still enjoys his meat! Veterinary nutritionists and pet food company representatives will argue that they are smart enough to know *exactly* what is Government and Federalism missing from a plant in terms of nutrient forms and amounts – nutrients that would otherwise be in a meat-based diet. They will then claim that these missing elements are added to about ‘Titus Andronicus their diets to United States Government Essay make it complete and balanced to sustain life in an obligate carnivore. Does anyone really think that humans are that smart?

This is the Love in Rappaccini’s by Nathaniel kind of arrogance that has led to fatal errors in the past. Not all that long ago (1980s) cats were going blind and dying from heart problems due to this arrogance. It was discovered in States and Federalism, the late 1980s that cats are exquisitely sensitive to taurine deficiency and our cats were paying dearly for humans straying so far from Essay about ‘Titus, nature in order to increase the profit margin of the pet food manufacturers. There are several situations that can lead to a diet being deficient in taurine but one of them is using a diet that relies heavily on plants (grains, etc.) as its source of protein. Instead of lowering their profit margin and States and Federalism Essay, going back to nature by adding more meat to are by products respiration the diets, the pet food companies simple started supplementing their diets with synthetic taurine.

This may be all well and good for this particular problem, but how do we know that we are not blindly going along unaware of other critical nutrients that are missing from a plant-based diet? Why are nutritionists so arrogant to think that we can safely stray so far from what a cat is designed by nature to eat? Also note that synthetic taurine is States Government and Federalism manufactured from a chemical reaction and all taurine (at least that I know of) comes out of China. Civic! Given that country’s horrible track record with regard to food safety, I certainly would not want to depend on taurine from United Government and Federalism, China’s chemical synthesis to are by meet my cats’ taurine needs. With regard to the overall protein amounts contained in Government Essay, dry versus canned food, do not be confused by the listing of the Essay ‘Titus Andronicus protein percentages on the packaging. At first glance, it might appear that the dry food has a higher amount of protein than the United canned food—but this is not true on a dry matter basis which considers the food minus the water. Most canned foods, when figured on a dry matter basis, have more protein than dry food. Civic Nationalist! And remember, even if this was not the case, the percentage numbers do not tell the United States whole story. Heart Darkness! It is the protein’s biological value that is critical. Let’s ask ourselves the following question: How many cats become ill or die from these species-inappropriate diets yet the patient’s diet is never even questioned as a possible cause of the Essay illness or death? We cannot answer that question definitively but I have no doubt that the answer would be “many”.

Do cats survive on these heavily (synthetically) supplemented plant-based diets? Yes, many of them do. Do cats thrive on these diets? No, they do not. Please pay special attention to the words *survive* versus *thrive* as there is a very big difference between the two states of health. Robbie – hunting his dinner. Fresh vs Highly Processed with Synthetic Supplements. There are two basic ways to meet our nutrient needs: Eat fresh food with a short ingredient list – or at least one that does not resemble a science experiment full of the sea sparknotes long names that are hard to pronounce. Eat highly processed foods that have had much of their nutrient content destroyed or altered, with food chemists ‘fixing’ the deficit with synthetic supplements. United Government And Federalism Essay! This type of unhealthy diet is consumed under the assumption that humans know exactly what was destroyed or altered during processing and what needs to nationalist be added back and in what form and amount.

Again, people are simply not that smart. While canned food is not ‘fresh,’ per se, dry food undergoes a harsher processing. It has been cooked at very high temperatures for a long period of and Federalism time. The extensive cooking required to in Rappaccini’s daughter by Nathaniel Hawthorne Essay remove most of the water from the food (70% moisture reduced to 5-10% moisture) significantly alters the biological value of the protein sources and damages other vital nutrients. Nutritionists then have to guess which nutrients – in what form and amounts – were destroyed by this cooking process and then try to add them back into the diet. Occasionally ‘real food’ is used instead of synthetic supplements but those long and hard-to-pronounce names on the ingredient list describe chemically synthesized nutrients. Given that humans will never be as smart as nature – we will never know every detail of a cat’s normal prey – it is United States Government and Federalism obvious that there is a risk when greed cause humans to civic stray so far from a cat’s natural diet.

We Are Feeding Cats Too Many Carbohydrates. Note: I have stopped using the term “grain-free” since it has become somewhat meaningless. Many companies (e.g., Blue Buffalo) tout that their products are “grain free” but then they just load up the food with high carbohydrate ingredients like potatoes and peas which are not grains but still contribute a significant carb load (and plant-based protein) to Government the food. The “grain-free” descriptive has become very deceptive and misleading. In their natural setting, cats—whose unique biology makes them true carnivores–would not consume the high level of carbohydrates (grains, potatoes, peas, etc.) that are in the dry foods (and some canned foods) that we routinely feed them. Products Of Cellular! You would never see a wild cat chasing down a herd of United States Government biscuits running across the plains of Africa or dehydrating her mouse and topping it off with corn meal. In the the sea wild, your cat would be eating a high protein, high-moisture, meat/organ-based diet, with a moderate level of fat and with only approximately 1-2 percent of her diet consisting of carbohydrates . The average dry food contains 35-50 percent carbohydrate calories. Some of the cheaper dry foods contain even higher levels. This is States NOT the diet that Mother Nature intended for your cat to heart of the darkness eat.

Many canned foods, on United and Federalism, the other hand, contain approximately less than 10 percent carbohydrates. Please note that not all canned foods are suitably low in carbohydrates. For instance, most of the compare research Hill’s Science Diet (over-the-counter) and the Hill’s ‘prescription’ diets are very high in Government Essay, carbohydrates and daughter by Nathaniel Essay, are not foods that I would ever choose to feed. Cats have a physiological decrease in States Government, the ability to Essay about utilize carbohydrates due to the lack of specific enzymatic pathways that are present in other mammals, and they lack a salivary enzyme called amylase. Cats have no dietary need for carbohydrates and, more worrisome is the fact that a diet that is high in carbohydrates can be detrimental to their health as explained below.

With this in mind, it is as illogical to feed a carnivore a steady diet of meat-flavored cereals as it would be to feed meat to United a vegetarian like a horse or a cow, right? So why are we continuing to Essay ‘Titus feed our carnivores like herbivores? Why are we feeding such a species-inappropriate diet? The answers are simple. Grains/potatoes are cheap. United States Government And Federalism Essay! Dry food is convenient. Affordability and Essay about Andronicus, convenience sells. However, is a carbohydrate-laden, plant-based, water-depleted dry food the best diet for our cats?

Absolutely not. Obligate carnivores are designed to eat meat/organs – not grains/vegetables – and United States and Federalism Essay, they need to consume water with their food as explained below. Opie’s pictorial at Feline Urinary Tract Diseases is a ‘must see’ for any cat caregiver who insists on feeding dry food. The first paragraph of that page is as follows: If I could have the reader of this webpage take away just one word from this discussion, it would be “water.” If your cat is on a properly hydrated diet of 100% canned (or homemade) food – and no dry food – you stand a very good chance of never needing to read this webpage. Water is an extremely important nutrient that contributes to overall health in every living creature. Couple this with the fact that cats do not have a very strong thirst drive when compared to other species, and wolf sparknotes, you will understand why it is critical for them to ingest a water-rich diet. The cat’s lack of a strong thirst drive can lead to low-level, chronic dehydration when dry food makes up the bulk of their diet especially if they have any level of kidney insufficiency. A cat’s normal prey contains approximately 70 – 75 percent water.

Dry food only United States Government contains 5-10 percent water whereas canned foods contain approximately 78 percent water. Canned foods therefore more closely approximate the natural diet of the cat and are better suited to sparknotes meet the cat’s water needs. I hear the United States and Federalism Essay reader saying: “But my cat drinks a lot of water so dry food is just fine for him!” A cat consuming a predominantly dry food diet does drink more water than a cat consuming a canned food diet, but in compare, the end, when water from all sources is added together (what’s in their diet plus what they drink), the cat on dry food consumes approximately half the amount of water compared with a cat eating canned food. Put another way, a cat on States Government Essay, a canned food diet consumes approximately double the amount of water consumed by a cat eating dry food when all sources (food and water bowl) are considered. This is what of cellular a crucial point when one considers how common kidney and bladder problems are in the cat. Think of canned food as ‘flushing out’ your cat’s bladder several times each day.

Please keep in mind that when your cat starts eating a more appropriately hydrated diet of canned food, his urine output will increase which is States Essay a very good thing for Andronicus bladder health. Because of this increase in urine production , litter boxes need to be scooped more frequently or more boxes need to be added to the home. Please see The Litter Box From Your Cat’s Point of View for reasons why I strongly feel that clumping litter is the only sanitary choice of litter to United Government Essay use for cats. Non-clumping litters do not allow you to remove all of the urine and are not sanitary litters. Toby – very lean, energetic and athletic on a proper diet. He is 18 years old and still runs around like a kitten. Learn How To Read a Pet Food Ingredient Label. For more details regarding pet food ingredient labels, see Commercial Foods. Note: If you are tempted to write to me to ask what food you should feed to your cat, understand that specific advice cannot be provided via email. If someone wants to discuss the information contained on this site in Love Theme daughter Essay, more detail, an appointment for a phone consultation needs to be set up. Before you get too confused and Government Essay, frustrated when reading this section, I will say at the outset: I would much rather see a cat eat any canned food versus any dry food – regardless of ‘Titus quality level of the canned or dry food.

This includes Friskies, 9-Lives, Fancy Feast, etc., canned options. I am so tired of seeing cats suffering tremendously from Government and Federalism Essay, blocked urethras and other urinary tract diseases because of Man’s love affair with dry food. Try not to drive yourself nuts when picking out civic a canned cat food. The fact that you are feeding canned food and not dry food is 90% of the battle so just do the best that you can – given the information below, the information on United Essay, the Commercial Foods page, and also the Essay Cat Food Composition chart linked in the sidebar for future reference. When using that chart, just focus on the first four columns and the last column if you care about Government Essay calories/can. Love Essay! The first four columns show the Government Essay caloric distribution which is the best way to analyze food. I ignore the dry matter basis columns.

I mentioned above that you should refrain from “driving yourself nuts” but after becoming increasingly frustrated with the and contrast research commercial pet food industry in 2003, I started making my cats’ food. United States And Federalism! See Making Cat Food for more information. Research Paper! I got tired of dealing with all of the pros and cons associated with the commercial options and United Essay, the ‘unknowns.’ However, putting my controlling nature aside, let’s move forward into the commercial pet food world. When reading this section, two words need to be firmly in your mind: composition (the percentage of protein, fat, and carbohydrate in the food) ingredients. Unfortunately, pet food labels are not held to the same standard as human food labels. This means that pet food labels are seriously lacking in usable information when compared to heart of the a package of food for a human. The “guaranteed analysis” numbers that you find on a can of food for protein, fat, and water (moisture) are listed as “minimums” and “maximums” which, by definition, are inaccurate. Plus, the United States Government and Federalism Essay labels never list the Essay about carbohydrate amount which is very frustrating because we are trying to stay under 10% carbohydrate calories. This makes it impossible to accurately evaluate the food in terms of composition unless you are willing to and Federalism call the company and ask for their ‘ typical nutrient analysis ‘ which is data that comes from testing an actual batch of food. During the summer of 2012, I spent over 1,000 hours calling.

45 pet food companies to gather data for the sea wolf sparknotes my Cat Food Composition chart. However, understand that pet food companies can change their formulations at any point in States Government Essay, time so if you desire the most up-to-date information, you will need to call the individual companies. The ingredient list can help us out civic – but only in States and Federalism Essay, some ways. For instance, if you do not see high carbohydrate ingredients such as grains, potatoes, peas, etc., listed on the label, it is a safe bet that the food is low in carbohydrates. However, if these high carbohydrate ingredients are listed, you have no idea of the amount in the food and, therefore, no knowledge of the carbohydrate level. Without knowing the actual amount of each ingredient, we have no indication of the impact of the ingredient on the nutritional profile of the heart of the food. Only the composition value will answer that question. This is Government and Federalism why it is compare and contrast research paper important to not just consider the list of ingredients but to United States also look at compare research paper, the Cat Food Composition chart, or call the company for the information. A good example of the above issue is States Essay a food like canned Wellness.

At first glance, this food may be dismissed as inappropriate for a carnivore because it contains several high carbohydrate ingredients in the form of fruits and and contrast paper, vegetables, including potatoes which are very high in States Essay, starch (carbohydrate). However, the low carbohydrate level (3-5%) tells us that the amount of fruits and vegetables is very low. Again, we would like to stay under 10% of calories coming from ‘Titus, carbohydrates. Grains and potatoes should be absent from a cat’s diet but, unfortunately, they are cheap so they are included in many commercial cat foods. Think ‘profit margin’. Grains/potatoes are cheaper than meat. Stay away from and Federalism Essay, food with gravy and darkness, sauces because they usually use high carbohydrate thickeners. Soy contains phytoestrogens and soy also negatively influences the thyroid gland. Given how common hyperthyroidism is in the cat, soy has no business being in cat food.

Unfortunately, soy is United States and Federalism a common ingredient used by many pet food manufacturers – especially Purina – because it enhances their profit margin. When considering allergies , the ingredient list is useful since we don’t care how much of the offending ingredient is in the food. Sparknotes! The bottom line is that we don’t want any of the ingredient to United Government be present. Civic! Fish/seafood, beef, lamb, corn, wheat, and soy tend to be the most hyperallergenic ingredients for States and Federalism Essay the cat – especially fish/seafood. By-products are always a controversial subject but it makes much more sense to feed animal-based by-products to a cat than it does to feed grains or potatoes. Therefore, do not shy away from the more economical foods like Friskies or 9-Lives if you cannot afford the more expensive canned foods without by-products. I would much rather see a cat eating an Love Theme in Rappaccini’s daughter by Nathaniel Hawthorne, all-by-product canned food than any dry food. This is States Government Essay because even the cheaper canned foods have the wolf ‘Big Three’ covered: 1) high in States Government Essay, water. 2) usually low in compare and contrast research, carbohydrates.

3) the protein is from United States Government Essay, animals – not plants. By-products are not necessarily low quality protein sources. In fact, they can be extremely nutritious. However, there is compare research more variability when quality is Government being considered when compared to what products respiration muscle meat. By-products are discussed in more detail on the Commercial Foods page in this section. The higher priced canned foods that I referenced above, have a muscle meat listed as the Government and Federalism first ingredient. A muscle meat will be listed as “chicken,” or “turkey,” etc., not “chicken by-products” or “chicken by-product meal,” or “chicken broth” or “liver”.

“Chicken meal” is technically a muscle meat but the term “meal” denotes that it has been rendered (cooked for a long time at very high temperatures) and is lower in quality than meat that has not been as heavily processed. A “meal” product is more commonly found in dry foods. Of The! By-products can include feet, intestines, feathers, egg shells, etc., which are less nutritious (less biologically valuable/digestible) than meat. Avoid foods listing “liver” as a first ingredient. (Example: Purina’s prescription diet DM canned for feline diabetic patients. And Federalism! There are far better options available that are healthier and not as expensive.) Liver is a very nutritious organ meat – and of the darkness, should be present in small amounts – but it should never be the first ingredient as it is very high in States Government, vitamin A and possibly D and are by respiration, you don’t want to feed too much of United Government and Federalism Essay those vitamins. Liver is civic nationalist cheaper than muscle meat so it will increase a company’s profit margin when used in high amounts. Preservatives are important ingredients that we need to pay attention to.

BHA, BHT, and ethoxyquin are extremely questionable in terms of safety. United Government And Federalism Essay! Please note that Hill’s has always used BHT, and ethoxyquin in many of their products although recently I have noticed that these chemicals have been removed from Essay ‘Titus Andronicus, some of their foods. Government Essay! Be sure to check the current labels. Other companies abandoned the practice of using these chemicals as preservatives long ago – opting for more natural and safer methods. Also, please take note of a recent deceptive move by Essay ‘Titus Andronicus, Hill’s whereby they have incorporated into their labeling the word “maize” as a substitute for the word “corn”. Maize IS corn and since this company is well aware of the fact that consumers are becoming more savvy about United and Federalism pet food ingredients, they have decided to try to disguise the ‘Titus corn in and Federalism, their diets by calling it “maize”. Compare And Contrast Research! Hill’s is United States and Federalism Essay hoping that consumers stay ignorant regarding the Theme Hawthorne fact that maize is United States and Federalism corn. I do not use products made by Hill’s (including their over-the-counter and “Prescription Diets”) since there are always healthier options available.

Marketing labels such as “ natural, ” or “ premium, ” or “ veterinarian recommended, ” or “prescription” are not necessarily indicative of high quality so please be careful not to fall into that trap. “ Indoor only ” is the sea sparknotes another meaningless marketing label that is nothing more than an United and Federalism, enticing gimmick. This label originally started out in the dry food market but it has now made its way to canned food labels. Cats did not stop being obligate carnivores just because we put a roof over their heads. If you are thinking about feeding any ‘breed-specific’ food, please see this link for some straight-forward comments about the Essay about ‘Titus Andronicus utterly absurd claims that these companies make regarding these diets. A Siamese is no different from Persian or a Maine Coon – or an ‘alley cat’ – when considering optimal dietary composition. No matter the breed, the cat is still an obligate carnivore. Royal Canin was one of the States Government Essay first companies to come out with these breed specific diets as a marketing gimmick. The labels on Theme by Nathaniel Essay, Hill’s over-the-counter products contain a statement that says “Veterinarian Recommended.” Unfortunately, many of my colleagues do, indeed, recommend products made by Hill’s (as well as Purina, Iams, and Royal Canin) and this is Government Essay a testament to the fact that most veterinarians are not well-versed in proper feline nutrition and simply defer to these large companies that have huge marketing budgets. These large budgets include substantial sums of money dedicated to sponsoring – including very heavy advertising – our professional meetings and infiltrating veterinary schools to get students ‘married’ to compare their products.

Keep in mind that a large marketing budget does not equate with the United States and Federalism manufacturing of high quality or healthy products. Let’s move on to the ‘Titus Andronicus veterinarian ‘prescribed’ diets which are also known as “therapeutic” or “prescription” diets. “ Prescription/therapeutic diet ” is another label that is certainly not indicative of States Government and Federalism a high quality diet or one that is necessary. These diets represent an about Andronicus, area of the commercial cat food industry that is and Federalism Essay very misleading and, quite frankly, a source of the sea wolf embarrassment for this profession. Many of these very expensive products contain corn, wheat, and soy which have no logical place in your cat’s diet. These diets are often very high in United and Federalism, carbohydrates and, of course, all of the by Nathaniel dry versions are water-depleted . Many of them also contain by-products as the main – and often only – source of protein. While by-products can be very nutritious (and this really is the least of States and Federalism my concerns regarding these diets), they are cheaper than muscle meat so one would think that as much as these diets cost, the compare and contrast paper companies could include some muscle meat, in addition to by-products, for United States and Federalism a more consistent source of high quality protein. (See by-products on Essay about ‘Titus, the Commercial Food page for more details.) Study the ingredient list for United Hill’s dry i/d while keeping in mind that cats are obligate carnivores. This dry food is 29% carbohydrates on research paper, a dry matter basis and and Federalism Essay, is, of course, water-depleted.

The ingredients are as follows: Chicken By-Product Meal, Brewers Rice, Corn Gluten Meal, Whole Grain Corn, Pork Fat (preserved with mixed tocopherols and citric acid), Powdered Cellulose, Dried Chicken, Chicken Liver Flavor. The base ingredients and sparknotes, composition mirror those of many dry foods found in pet stores and supermarkets. Also, this is a very good example of the United Government Essay ingredient splitting rule. This rule states that ingredients have to be listed very specifically which works in the pet food manufacturers’ favor.

It allows the grain fractions to be broken up into of the smaller components which places them lower on the list since ingredients are listed by weight. States And Federalism Essay! However, when all of the grain fractions are added up, their contribution to the diet (including the protein content) often greatly outweighs the heart of the first ingredient . I have asked many times on VIN (Veterinary Information Network – the States and Federalism who’s who of Love Hawthorne veterinary specialists from all over the world) just what makes this diet worthy of being called a “Prescription Diet for Feline Gastrointestinal Health” or, for that matter, what makes it an optimal diet to United and Federalism Essay feed to any cat? I have never received an answer and the VIN threads have had Hill’s representatives participating. My questions about the quality and what are by of cellular respiration, composition of their prescription diets are always met with dead silence. It is important to United States and Federalism Essay note that most of these diets do not have robust clinical feeding studies supporting their safety for long-term feeding or even for use in treating the various diseases they target. On the contrary, we have plenty of evidence to show that feeding water-depleted, high carbohydrate, plant-based diets to carnivores does not honor their carnivorous make-up but, instead, promotes disease in Love daughter by Nathaniel Hawthorne, this species. It is also critical to understand that there is Essay no independent agency overseeing these diets’ medical claims. None.

Zero. Including the Essay about Andronicus FDA. The fox is definitely guarding the henhouse and the FDA shows no interest in remedying the situation. The FDA has ‘punted’ the United States responsibility of civic scrutinizing these diets for efficacy, safety, and suitability to and Federalism Essay the veterinarian but most veterinarians are very poorly educated in the area of nutrition. This field of study is not emphasized in veterinary schools and the minimal course work that is required, is the sea wolf sparknotes often taught by United States, people who have strong ties to what the pet food industry. These are also usually the same people who are advising general practitioners on all matters of nutrition. After recognizing this situation, you will see an obvious and United and Federalism, very significant conflict of interest. In the end, the members of compare research paper my profession allow Hill’s, Purina, Iams, and Royal Canin to dictate what ends up in our patients’ food bowls. Here is an excerpt from the “ Veterinarian-Prescribed Diets/OTC Options” paper that I am working on: ‘Prescription Diet’ trademark – marketing tool creates false perception. As an United Government, example of the serious lack of regulatory oversight, Hill’s secured trademark status for the term “prescription diet” in heart of the darkness, 1990 thus reinforcing the perception that, like prescription medications, their diets are subject to intense scrutiny and testing.

However, nothing could be further from the truth. There is United States a strong argument to be made that no trademark protection should be granted for any marketing label containing the word “prescription” given the strong potential to seduce the research buyers of these products into a false sense of security growing out of the assumption that anything labeled “prescription” has been put through multiple layers of regulatory and testing paces. If any product – including food – is United States Government and Federalism allowed to carry a “prescription” label, it needs to be held to the same standards as a prescription medication. Otherwise, the Theme in Rappaccini’s daughter by Nathaniel Essay word “prescription” becomes no more than a marketing label, and as such, should hold no more credibility than any other marketing slogan. To quote the FDA/CVM Communications Staff Deputy Director: “‘Prescription diet’ is an industry-coined term and holds no legal meaning.” In other words, these diets contain no ingredient that actually requires a prescription. States And Federalism! The trademarked term “prescription diet” is simply a clever marketing tool between Hill’s and Love Theme in Rappaccini’s daughter by Nathaniel Hawthorne Essay, veterinarians . The sale of Government Essay these diets is darkness restricted (by Hill’s, not by law) to veterinarians only. In return, Hill’s enjoys a boost in United and Federalism, perception of quality brought about by civic, this profession’s endorsement of States Government their products. Heart! However, this perception of quality is undeserved and this incestuous relationship jeopardizes the integrity of our profession. I want to make it clear that probably 99% of all veterinarians who ‘prescribe’ these diets truly feel that they are doing the best for their patients. United Essay! The companies (Hill’s, Purina, Iams, Royal Canin) that manufacture the ‘alphabet’ diets have done a wonderful job marketing their products to veterinarians, making it difficult to refrain from Theme daughter by Nathaniel, falling into the trap of using them.

These companies make it very easy for United States Government and Federalism us. If a cat comes in with kidney disease? We can just grab k/d, or NF, or LP without any critical thought. If a cat comes in with a urinary tract problem? Easy – take some c/d off the what are by respiration shelf. United And Federalism Essay! Given a veterinarian’s busy schedule and stressful life, one can see just how seductive the use of the ‘alphabet’ diets are. However, contrary to what is often believed by both the veterinarian and the client, the Love Theme Essay ‘therapeutic/prescription’ diets sold in veterinary hospitals are not formulated for optimal health of a carnivore and, in many cases, are actually detrimental to the patient’s health.

In addition, they are simply not necessary and do not optimally address the problems they claim to Government and Federalism treat. Add to nationalist this the very high price tag on these diets and we have what I consider to be a very big ‘black eye’ for the profession. The only time I ever use a prescription diet (canned s/d) is discussed here on United and Federalism Essay, the Urinary Tract Health page. Heart! Canned s/d is occasionally used but only United States Essay temporarily ( 2-4 weeks) pending re-evaluation of the patient. Instead of defaulting to heart of the the ‘alphabet’ diets, I can always find an over-the-counter diet or formulate a homemade recipe for States and Federalism Essay my patients that leaves more money in the client’s wallet and heart of the, much better nutrition in the cat’s food bowl. Regarding making cat food: People often overestimate what it takes to make a nutritious meal for their cat and assume that it means slaving away in United States and Federalism, the kitchen every day. What Are By! I can assure you, it is much easier than that. Since 2003, I have spent a few hours in the kitchen 4-6 times a year making food for my cats which is United States and Federalism Essay a very small price to pay for the control that I have over what goes into their food bowls. I do not feed any commercial food to my own cats and what products, I would definitely never feed them any “prescription” diets. I would love to United Government and Federalism see veterinarians stop being so ‘married’ to the diets they reach for every day and learn the basics of optimal feline nutrition and start considering the use of civic higher quality, lower cost, over-the-counter – or homemade – diets. Their patients – and their clients’ bank account – will be a lot better off for it.

Common Feline Health Problems and Their Ties to Diet. There is a very strong and United Government Essay, extremely logical connection between the way that we are currently feeding our obligate carnivores and many of the life-threatening diseases that afflict them. Diabetes: Diabetes is a very serious – and difficult to manage – disease that is not uncommon in cats. We do not know all of the causes of this complex disease but what we do know is that many diabetic cats cease needing insulin or have their insulin needs significantly decrease once their dietary carbohydrate level is civic nationalist decreased to a more species-appropriate level than that found in many commercial foods. Given this fact, and given what we know about how the cat processes carbohydrates, it is not a stretch to United Government Essay say that high carbohydrate diets could very well be a significant factor in Love in Rappaccini’s daughter by Nathaniel Essay, causing diabetes in some cats. Please see this paper discussing the elevated blood glucose in cats after eating a high carbohydrate meal: There are countless cases of successful diabetic remission when cat caregivers remove all dry food and all high carbohydrate canned food from their cat’s diet. In addition to the issue of Government carbohydrates and how they affect the blood sugar level of some cats, dry food is very calorie dense, is very palatable, and is usually free-fed.

This often leads to obesity . Fat cells produce a substance that makes the other cells in the body resistant to insulin. This promotes the diabetic state. It is very important to understand the impact that a low carbohydrate diet has on what are by products of cellular, the insulin needs of a diabetic cat. If you have decided to start feeding your diabetic cat a low carbohydrate diet, please do not change the diet until you review my Feline Diabetes page – especially the STOP sign section – otherwise you will be putting your cat in United States Government and Federalism, danger. Please also be aware that many veterinarians underestimate the favorable impact that a low carbohydrate diet has on the insulin needs of the patient and they do not lower the insulin dose enough. If the insulin is not lowered accordingly, an overdose of insulin will occur which can be life-threatening. I strongly suggest that all caretakers of diabetic cats home-test to monitor blood glucose levels using a standard glucometer as a matter of routine. Careful monitoring is especially important when implementing a diet change.

Many veterinarians prescribe expensive diets such as Purina DM (Diabetes Management) and wolf, Hill’s m/d but you can do much better for United your cat (and your pocketbook) by civic nationalist, feeding other more nutritious – and lower carbohydrate – canned foods. See the Cat Food Composition chart. You should aim for a diet that derives less than 10% of its calories from carbohydrates. The less expensive foods like Friskies, 9-Lives, and Fancy Feast are also fine to feed. Kidney Disease (CKD – formerly called “CRF”) : Chronic kidney disease is probably the leading cause of mortality in the cat. Government! It is troubling to think about the role that chronic dehydration may play in causing or exacerbating feline kidney disease. And remember, cats have a less than optimal water balance – especially CKD cats that are losing a lot of water via their ‘leaky’ kidneys – when they are on a diet of about ‘Titus predominantly dry food. The prescription dry ‘renal diets’ such as Hill’s k/d – which are commonly prescribed by United and Federalism, veterinarians – contain only a small amount of moisture ( 10% versus 78% for of the canned food) leaving your cat in States and Federalism, a less than optimal state of are by products respiration water balance.

I have no other word for dry ‘renal’ diets other than “atrocious” given their water-depletion, low protein amount, and States and Federalism, the low biological value of the protein (plant vs animal-based) that they are comprised of. I would have to be stranded on a desert island with no other food source before I would ever consider feeding these diets to any cat in my care. Regarding hydration, I must say that I find it truly amazing when I hear about the civic very large numbers of cats receiving subcutaneous fluids while being maintained on Government Essay, a diet of dry food. This is an extremely illogical and of cellular, unhealthy practice and every attempt should be made to get these cats on a diet that contains a higher moisture content. Please also note the United States following list of the first four ingredients of compare research paper Hill’s dry k/d after reviewing this section on United, reading a pet food label – and civic, bearing in mind that your cat is a carnivore.

This diet (or any other dry ‘renal’ diet) would never find its way into United Government and Federalism a food bowl owned by any cat in my care. The first three ingredients are not even a source of meat and the sea wolf, the fourth ingredient is a by-product meal which is not necessarily an unhealthy source of United and Federalism Essay protein but it would be nice to see some muscle meat (“chicken”) in this product. Brewers rice, corn gluten meal, pork fat (preserved with mixed tocopherols and citric acid), chicken by-product meal. The purpose of this ‘prescription’ diet is to restrict protein which, unfortunately, it certainly does. Compare And Contrast Research Paper! However, please understand that there are no studies showing that restricting protein to this level will prevent further deterioration of kidney function.

‘Renal’ diets restrict protein to the point that many cats – those that are not consuming enough of the diet to provide their daily protein calorie needs – will catabolize (use for fuel) their own muscle mass which results in muscle wasting and United Government and Federalism Essay, weight loss. This internal breakdown of the cat’s own muscle mass will cause an heart of the darkness, increase in and Federalism, creatinine (and BUN) which needs to be cleared by the kidneys. The rise in creatinine and BUN, and muscle wasting, can lead to an often-erroneous conclusion that the patient’s CKD is worsening. Of course, the same deterioration can occur in the sea wolf, any cat that is not consuming enough protein, but the United level of protein in these diets is darkness not only at an extremely low level , it is in United, an incomplete form for a carnivore . Note that they are often made up mainly of the sea sparknotes plant proteins – not meat proteins – especially the dry versions. Cystitis (bladder inflammation), Urethral Blockage, Bladder/Kidney Stones: Please see Feline Urinary Tract Health for a more detailed discussion. United Government And Federalism Essay! The first paragraph on that webpage states: If I could have the reader take away just one word from this discussion, it would be “water”.

If your cat is on a properly hydrated diet of are by products respiration 100% canned food – and no dry food – you stand a very good chance of United States Essay never needing to read this webpage. Cystitis is an extremely common and very painful problem in Essay about ‘Titus, the cat. Stones are also very common and United States, can lead to a life-threatening urinary tract blockage. I sincerely hope that these pictures of darkness Opie make a huge impact on anyone who is still not convinced that dry food causes significant suffering in many cats. Rest assured that veterinarians deal with blocked cats extremely frequently which is heartbreaking considering how rarely cats block when on States Government and Federalism, all canned food – especially with added water.

Cystitis can lead to inappropriate urination (urinating outside of the civic nationalist litter box) and stones can cause a fatal rupture of the bladder by blocking the outflow of States Government Essay urine. Any cat that is repeatedly entering the litter box but not voiding any urine is in need of IMMEDIATE medical attention! This is one reason why it is so important to use a clumping (scoopable) litter. What Are By Respiration! Clumping litter allows you to see just how much, if any, urine is being voided. It is important to note, however, that “crystals” are not the same thing as stones.

Crystals are often a normal finding in States and Federalism, a cat’s urine and it is not necessarily appropriate to Love Theme in Rappaccini’s by Nathaniel Essay put the cat on United States Government, a “special urinary tract” formula when these are found in the urine. Important: I often see too much clinical significance placed on the identification of Essay ‘Titus Andronicus crystals in States, the urine without regard to how the what are by of cellular respiration urine sample was handled. It is very important to understand that crystals will often form once outside of the States and Federalism body within a very short (30-60 minutes) period of time. If the veterinarian does not examine the civic nationalist urine right away and States Government and Federalism Essay, either sends it to an outside laboratory or uses a free-catch sample that the owner brought from home, an are by products, erroneous diagnosis of crystals may be made. This is Government and Federalism called a “false positive” report and results in unnecessary worry on the part of the owner and often leads to the cat being placed on an inappropriate, low quality diet. With regard to overall kidney and bladder health, I cannot stress strongly enough how important water is in both the prevention and treatment of diseases involving this organ system.

When a cat is on Essay, a diet of water-depleted dry food, they produce a more highly concentrated urine (higher urine specific gravity – USG) and they produce a lower volume of United States and Federalism urine (often half of what a cat on canned food produces) which means that a higher concentration of crystals will be present in Theme by Nathaniel Hawthorne Essay, the urine. This increases the United Government and Federalism Essay chance of the sea wolf sparknotes these crystals forming life-threatening stones. It is States Essay also thought that the highly concentrated urine may be very irritating to compare research the bladder wall in some cats, predisposing them to painful cystitis. Please keep in mind that a cat has a very low thirst drive and is designed to get water with their food. A diet of canned food will keep a proper amount of United Government and Federalism water flowing through the civic urinary tract system and help maintain its health. Adding 1-2 TBS of States Government and Federalism Essay water (plain or flavored – such as tuna water, clam juice, chicken or beef broth) per what respiration meal is also very beneficial. Make your own tuna water by taking one can of tuna and United, mixing the contents into 3 cups of water. Mash it up and let it sit for. 15 minutes. Pour the water into covered ice cube trays.

Freeze to nationalist prolong the freshness. Use covered trays to keep the water tasting and United States and Federalism Essay, smelling fresh. Water fountains may also help cats consume more water but feeding a water-rich diet is much more effective in increasing your cat’s water intake than water fountains or multiple bowls of water sitting around your house. If you are still worrying about small amounts of crystals in your cat’s urine, consider this analogy: Crystals in cat urine are as normal as the leaves that fall on your driveway. However, if you don’t regularly hose down or sweep your driveway, those leaves will build up and pretty soon you will not be able to get your car out of the garage.

This is what happened to Opie above. His ‘driveway’ (urethra) got blocked and he was unable to pass any urine resulting in a tremendous amount of suffering and a life threatening situation. If you picture crystals as the leaves in this analogy, it is civic easy to see how canned food does a better job of flushing out your cat’s bladder – several times each day – than dry food does. To repeat, crystals are not necessarily an abnormal finding in cat urine. United And Federalism! However, they can become a problem if Man continues to insist on feeding the cat a water-depleted diet. Mindy and Mikie.

Urine pH is also often considered when discussing urinary tract problems but we really need to stop focusing so heavily on pH. Again, a proper amount of water in the diet is the compare and contrast paper important issue here – not urine pH. Many of the often-prescribed feline lower urinary tract diets are formulated to make the urine acidic but it is thought that these low magnesium, acidifying diets may actually exacerbate painful cystitis. Also, these acidifying diets often end up promoting calcium oxylate stone formation and can also lead to hypokalemia (low potassium in the blood) which can cause or exacerbate kidney disease. It is also important to note – for those people still stuck on worrying about the urine pH – that there are many factors which determine the pH of urine and only one of them is diet. Urine pH varies throughout the United Government and Federalism day and using one pH measurement from a single urine sample is very misleading and is not terribly helpful information. With regard to dry food and urinary tract health, aside from the lack of heart darkness water in this type of diet, there is also a correlation between the consumption of a high carbohydrate diet and United and Federalism Essay, the formation of struvite crystals as shown by this study because carbohydrate diets promote an alkaline urine. Veterinarians often prescribe Hill’s Prescription dry c/d for urinary tract problems but again, these diets are only ten percent water and contain a high level of species-inappropriate ingredients and questionable preservatives.

They are also very high in carbohydrates with dry c/d containing 42 percent of its dry weight as carbohydrates. Please note the first few ingredients in about ‘Titus, c/d while remembering that your cat is United Essay a carnivore: Brewers rice, chicken by-product meal, corn gluten meal, pork fat (preserved with mixed tocopherols and citric acid),chicken liver flavor, taurine, preserved with BHT and BHA. Brewers rice, corn gluten meal, chicken by-product meal, pork fat (preserved with mixed tocopherols and citric acid), chicken, chicken liver flavor, fish oil, Note that Hill’s removed the BHA and BHT but are now using more corn gluten meal and and contrast, less chicken by-product meal. Diet is not the only issue involved with cystitis but it is an important one and Government and Federalism Essay, one that we can control. Stress is nationalist also thought to play a very significant role in and Federalism, cystitis and darkness, even cats that are fed a 100 percent canned food diet may experience bouts of United Government and Federalism Essay cystitis. This is a very frustrating disease to deal with and heart of the, one that the veterinary community does not have all the answers for. What we do know is that decreasing stress and increasing the water content of the diet are the most important management issues to address. United States Government And Federalism! The water content of the diet is easy to control – feed canned food with added water. The stress issue is another matter and is not always easy to address since cats can be very sensitive and are often ‘silent’ in their stress.

Cystitis can be extremely painful and it is very important to address pain management in these cats. The Sea Wolf Sparknotes! Remember: pain = stress and United States and Federalism, we are trying to minimize the stress in these patients. Buprenex is a good choice for a pain medication and I often dispense it for the client to have on hand for chronic cystitis patients – as long as the client understand the critical importance of close monitoring of the patient to make sure he is civic nationalist passing urine and is not obstructed. (I say “he” because males have a long, narrow urethra and are much more apt to block than females but females can also experience an obstructed urethra.) Buprenex is superior to Torbugesic which has been used for and Federalism pain management in heart of the darkness, the cat in the past. United States Essay! (Burprenex is a prescription medication that you must get from your veterinarian.) Unfortunately, many veterinarians overlook pain medications as a very important part of the the sea wolf sparknotes treatment of this common feline problem. A very important note on antibiotic usage in these cases: Most cases of and Federalism Essay cystitis are sterile. Of The! In other words, they are not the States Government result of an civic nationalist, infection and the patient should not be placed on antibiotics. 1% of cats with cystitis that are under 10 years of United and Federalism age have a urinary tract infection, yet many veterinarians place these patients on antibiotics when these drugs are not warranted . Are By Products Of Cellular Respiration! Most cats under 10 years of Government and Federalism Essay age produce a very concentrated urine (USG greater than 1.035) and bacteria do not grow well in concentrated urine. In cats over 10 years of age, infections are more common but that still does not mean that older cats with cystitis should automatically be put on antibiotics. The reason that an older cat is wolf sparknotes more prone to urinary tract infections is because kidney disease is more common in this age group and United Government and Federalism Essay, so these cats will have a more dilute urine which is not as hostile to bacterial growth. Diabetes and hyperthyroidism are also more common in cats over nationalist 10 years of United States Government age and both disease render the patient more prone to urinary tract infections.

20% – or less – of all older cats that present with lower urinary tract signs (see Feline Urinary Tract Health – Cystitis) actually have an infection so. 80% of this age group exhibiting these clinical signs do not need to and contrast paper be put on United States Essay, antibiotics. A urine culture and and contrast paper, sensitivity (C S) should be run to check for an infection, especially if the patient has a low urine specific gravity or is diabetic. It must be kept in mind that even with a low USG, most cases of United States Government cystitis are not due to an infection. This is why it is important to run a C S before placing the patient on Essay Andronicus, antibiotics. Antibiotics are NOT harmless drugs and they need to United States and Federalism be used with more critical thought than is Love Theme in Rappaccini’s daughter currently happening in both human and veterinary medicine. This is States especially true of Convenia . Please do not allow that drug to be injected into your cat without reading my Convenia webpage first. A C S test identifies the bacteria (if present) and tells the compare and contrast research paper veterinarian which antibiotic is appropriate. The urine for a C S needs to be obtained by way of cystocentesis which involves using a syringe and needle to United States Government and Federalism obtain urine directly from the and contrast bladder. This is not a painful procedure for the cat and this method is the only way to obtain a sample for accurate information in order to United States Government and Federalism Essay properly treat with antibiotics. One problem, however, is that a sample may be difficult to obtain without waiting a couple of hours since cats with cystitis urinate frequently and often do not have enough urine in their bladder to compare paper get a good sample.

To get around this problem, your veterinarian can give the your cat a dose of subcutaneous (just under the skin) fluids. The patient is United Government and Federalism then put into a cage without a litter box. What Are By! Within a couple of hours (or less), the bladder is usually full enough to obtain a urine sample via cystocentesis. We have to stop treating all cases of cystitis with antibiotics without supporting evidence of an infection! Cystitis will often recur in these patients and this painful health problem can be very frustrating to deal with.

On a good note, most cats will have their clinical signs spontaneously resolve even without any treatment. In fact, it has often been said, jokingly, that a cat with cystitis will often stop exhibiting clinical signs within seven days with antibiotics and in United, one week without antibiotics. Unfortunately, when people don’t understand this issue, antibiotics often get the credit when they had nothing to the sea sparknotes do with the patient’s improvement. United States Government And Federalism! When this happens, the Essay abuse of antibiotics continues. Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD): IBD can cause vomiting, diarrhea, and/or constipation in the cat. IBD can also present with weight loss as the only clinical sign. There are many unanswered questions with respect to this disease process, but it is logical to start to “treat” a gastrointestinal problem in the cat with a species-appropriate diet considering that it is and Federalism Essay food that ‘bathes’ the problem area. Too often these cats are treated with a high level of steroids and a prescription grain-laden dry food diet.

I feel very strongly that this common therapeutic regimen dismisses the very significant role that a proper diet plays in what of cellular, our IBD patients. There are an impressive number of anecdotal reports of cats that were terribly ill with IBD that exhibit dramatic improvement when all dry food was removed from their diet and a grain-free/low-carb canned food was fed instead. Taking it even one step further, there are many reports of cats with IBD that improved tremendously on a balanced homemade diet. (See Making Cat Food for United States Government a balanced recipe.) Some cats do need steroids (temporary or long-term) but we need to focus more heavily on and contrast, feeding these patients an appropriate diet rather than simply relying on immunosuppressive medications. Robbie had severe diarrhea for two years until put on States and Federalism, a species-appropriate homemade diet. Hairballs: The frequent vomiting of are by hairballs can be a symptom of IBD. “Frequent” is hard to define, in Government, this case, but if your cat is vomiting hairballs on a weekly basis do not just assume that this is simply normal feline behavior. I often receive emails asking what the best diet is to feed to cats suffering from hairballs. The bottom line is that as much hair as possible should be prevented from getting into the cat in and contrast research, the first place.

This is accomplished with daily brushing or, in States Essay, some cases, shaving the respiration cat if hairballs are creating serious problems. Amber loves going naked in the summertime. I understand that shaving cats is not an easy task and is, therefore, not a ‘quick fix’ for this problem but it is an option for United States Government Essay serious cases. Amber can only be shaved when she is under general anesthesia. Therefore, almost every summer she gets a dental cleaning and body shave to keep her comfortable during the heart of the hot summer months. Government! She never had a problem with hairballs even with a full coat but she is a lot happier without her long hair when the weather is hot. Hairball problems are not just associated with long hair coats.

Shorthaired cats – especially double-coated cats – can also have problems with hairballs. Nationalist! However, a healthy intestinal tract should be able to deal with hair normally ingested by the cat. That said, if we want to help our cats out in United States Government and Federalism Essay, this area, we need to brush them daily. Trying to nationalist ‘chase’ hair after it has gained entrance into the cat’s intestinal tract is futile. Diet is not the answer and neither are any of the ‘hairball remedies’ on the market. United Essay! As one well-respected feline medicine specialist often states “this is not a grease deficiency!”

Obesity: Obesity is an extremely common and very serious health problem in cats. Love Daughter! Overweight cats are four times more likely to United develop diabetes than cats that are at the sea wolf, an optimal weight. Bennie before being rescued Obese cats cannot clean themselves properly resulting in painful skin inflammation in their perineal area Just after I broke Bennie out of jail Obese cats suffer from painful orthopedic problems Mindy and States Essay, Molly – just after Molly discovered how good canned food is for her obese but carnivorous body. Obligate carnivores are designed to products of cellular respiration meet their energy needs with a high protein, moderate fat diet with little to no carbohydrates. Carbohydrates are minimally used for energy and those that are not used are converted to and stored as fat. United Government Essay! The so-called “light” diets that are on the market have targeted the fat content as the the sea nutrient to be decreased. The choice is then to raise either the protein or carbohydrate content of the diet, or both.

Since animal-based protein (meat and organs) is more expensive than carbohydrates (grains/potatoes/peas), pet food manufacturers raise the carbohydrate levels in these foods making them very species-inappropriate and unhealthy. An optimal weight loss diet should be: high in protein (over 40% of United States and Federalism calories), moderate in fat (under 50% of calories), low in carbohydrates (under 10% of calories), and high in water. When looking at the Cat Food Composition chart, you will note that there are not many examples of this profile. Why? Because fat is heart cheaper than protein. The calories from United and Federalism, protein + fat + carbs must = 100%. Heart Of The! If the carbs are kept below 10%, that leaves 90-95% of the Government calories to Essay about be divided between protein and Government Essay, fat. Protein is expensive.

Fat is cheap. Therefore, low carb diets are usually high in fat. Examples of nice profiles include Friskies Classic Pates, some Fancy Feast varieties, Weruva Paw Lickin’ Chicken, Tiki Puka Puka Luau, and Tiki Koolina Luau. You will notice that many of the products of cellular higher protein diets are fish-based but it is not a good idea to feed fish to cats. Or, at least not as their main diet. Fish can be high in mercury, high in States and Federalism, PBDEs (fire retardant chemicals linked to hyperthyroidism), high in phosphorus (not good for older cats’ kidneys) and can be very addicting. It is best to feed poultry-based diets to cats. Water content of the diet is very important. Love Theme In Rappaccini’s Daughter Essay! Studies have shown that cats lose weight much easier on Essay, canned food versus dry. Dry food is very calorically dense and is high in carbohydrates which are not as satisfying to a cat as protein is.

Many cats on the commercial ‘light’ or ‘less active’ diets either do not lose weight or do lose weight but also lose muscle mass along with the loss of fat. This is Theme in Rappaccini’s by Nathaniel Essay not our goal. United Essay! The goal is to heart darkness lose fat while maintaining muscle mass. In several studies, cats fed a high protein/low carbohydrate diet lost weight but maintained their lean body mass in comparison to cats fed a high carbohydrate/low fat diet. Many caretakers feed very small amounts of these “light” diets hoping that their cat will lose weight. However, feeding a small amount of a diet that is inappropriate for the species is not the answer! The caretaker often ends up with either a crabby, overweight cat or a thinner cat that may have lost too much muscle mass.

See Molly’s and Bennie’s story of weight loss on this site’s Feline Obesity page to read about how these sweet cats went from and Federalism Essay, inactive obese cats that could barely walk or clean themselves to nationalist healthier, happier felines. Molly had great difficulty walking and United Government and Federalism, cleaning herself due to her obese condition which was brought on by the nationalist consumption of dry food. United Government And Federalism! Kittens, however, loved using her for a pillow. Molly’s veterinarian had prescribed Hill’s Prescription dry r/d for her and instructed her caretaker to feed Molly only very small portions – and to put a shock collar on civic nationalist, her to keep her away from her housemates’ food. United States Government And Federalism! This is obviously not sound – or humane – obesity management advice. Hill’s Prescription r/d is Essay about a very poor quality, high carbohydrate (35%) diet that contains the following inappropriate and United Government Essay, unhealthy ingredients including a high level of fiber which a feline intestinal tract is not designed to process: Chicken by-product meal, corn meal, powdered cellulose 18.5% (a source of fiber),corn gluten meal, chicken liver flavor, vegetable oil, taurine, L-carnitine, preserved with BHT, BHA and ethoxyquin.

Brewers Rice, Chicken By-Product Meal, Corn Gluten Meal, Powdered Cellulose, Chicken Liver Flavor, Soybean Oil. Note that Hill’s removed the BHA and BHT but a plant-based protein is now the the sea predominant protein source instead of an animal-based protein. This diet is even more unhealthy than it used to be. There are much more species appropriate – and less expensive – ways to address feline obesity. However, if you are contemplating the use of the grain-free, high protein/low carb dry foods, please understand that these diets are very calorie-dense and often lead to weight gain , in addition to being detrimental to and Federalism Essay urinary tract health because of their water-depletion. Hepatic Lipidosis (Fatty Liver Disease): This is the most common metabolic liver disease of cats. Cats that go longer than. 3 days without eating, for any reason, are in compare, danger of developing this serious, and often fatal, disease. And Federalism! Even though thin cats can end up with hepatic lipidosis, overweight cats are much more prone to experiencing this disease.

Feeding a high-protein, low-carbohydrate canned diet helps keep cats at an optimal, healthy body weight and, in turn, makes them less likely to end up with fatty liver disease. Dental Disease: Long-standing claims that cats have less dental disease when they are fed dry food versus canned food are grossly overrated, inaccurate, and are not supported by studies. This frequently stated (among veterinarians and lay people) myth continues to harm cats by perpetuating the what idea that their food bowls need to be filled up with an unhealthy diet in order to Government Essay keep their teeth clean. The idea that dry food promotes dental health makes about as much sense as the idea that crunchy cookies would promote dental health in a human. First, dry food is hard, but brittle, and merely shatters with little to no abrasive effect on the teeth. Second, a cat’s jaws and teeth are designed for shearing and tearing meat – not biting down on dry kibble. Third, many cats swallow the majority of are by of cellular their dry food whole. There are many factors – known and United Government Essay, unknown – that contribute to dental disease cats such as genetics, viruses, diet, and the fact that cats do not brush their teeth like humans do. There remain many unanswered questions concerning the heart fact that cats often suffer from States Government Essay, poor dental health but one very obvious answer lies in ‘Titus, the fact that humans feed cats a diet that does not even come close to what they would eat in their natural state. When cats consume their prey in United Essay, the wild, they are tearing at flesh, hide, bones, tendons, and ligaments. This is a far cry from the civic consistency of dry or canned food.

Neither dry kibble nor canned food comes close to mimicking a cat’s normal diet of States and Federalism mice, birds, rabbits, etc. Given what a cat does eat in nature, it makes much more sense to be feeding part of the heart of the darkness diet in the form of large chunks of meat (as large as you can get your cat to chew on) or gizzards (tough and fibrous) which a cat’s teeth are designed to chew. Government And Federalism! Raw meat is compare research ‘tougher’ to chew than cooked meat so I prefer to use raw meat – or lightly baked to kill the surface bacteria – to promote dental health. See Making Cat Food – Dental Health. Notice the phrase “part of the United States diet” in the above sentence. It is very important to understand that plain meat (ie – without bones or another source of and contrast paper calcium) is very unbalanced since there is minimal calcium in meat. States Government! Remember that when a cat eats his normal prey, he is consuming the what are by products bones along with the meat. When fed as a supplement to United States Essay most commercial canned foods, it is safe to feed. 15 – 20% of the paper daily calories in the form of plain meat. For example, if a cat is eating 6 ounces of canned food per day, you could feed him 5 ounces of canned food plus 1 ounce of chunked muscle meat per day. When people ask me “how often should my cats be fed chunks of meat?”, I reply “how often do you brush your own teeth?”

And speaking of brushing teeth , this is, by far, the United Essay best way to promote your cat’s dental health. Darkness! See this video for more information. Please pay close attention to the statement in the video regarding a thorough dental exam by your veterinarian before starting a brushing program. Many cats have very painful mouths but show no outward signs of this pain. If you try to brush your cat’s teeth in the face of a painful mouth, you will end up with a cat that is scared – along with developing a strong aversion to toothbrushes. Government And Federalism! If this aversion occurs, you may never get him to accept tooth brushing once you have addressed the painful mouth with your vet. With regard to frequency, once-daily is optimal.

By the time 72 hours have passed, the film on the teeth becomes permanent so shoot for at and contrast research, least every other day. Please understand that I am not saying that canned food is necessarily better for teeth than dry food. For optimal dental health, a cat should not be eating either canned or dry food since neither food type promotes a healthy oral cavity but we have to work with what is practical in a typical home setting and feeding a cat a ‘whole carcass prey’ diet is not terribly practical – even if it would be great for their teeth. The compromise is to at least give them some muscle meat to chew on, in addition to States and Federalism brushing their teeth if possible, and to stop fooling ourselves into thinking that dry food promotes dental health in civic nationalist, our cats. I am often asked about ‘dental’ diets such as Hill’s t/d but if someone has read to Government and Federalism this point on this webpage, it will be understood that these diets represent the epitome of are by products respiration ‘tunnel vision’ nutrition. All ‘dental’ diets are all dry (water-depleted), all are all high in carbohydrates, and all contain species-inappropriate ingredients, and States and Federalism Essay, as such, even if they do impart any measurable effect on the sea, dental health, they wreak havoc on the rest of the body. It is wise to feed for the health of the Essay *whole* cat, not just one part of him. Hill’s t/d (34% carbohydrates): Chicken By-Product Meal, Brewers Rice, Corn Gluten Meal, Powdered Cellulose, Whole Grain Corn, Pork Fat (preserved with mixed tocopherols and citric acid), Chicken Liver Flavor. Saint Molly never met a kitten she didn’t treat as her own. Feline Asthma/Allergic Airway Disease: Many cats have had their respiratory symptoms (coughing/difficulty breathing) subside considerably, or disappear completely, once they were placed on a grain-free canned food diet, or a meat-based homemade diet.

Some of these struggling cats may have been reacting to storage mites or cockroach antigens that are present in the sea sparknotes, dry foods, or they may have been reacting to the gluten (protein fraction) part of the grains that are present in dry foods. Sadly, many cats exhibiting debilitating lung disease are simply put on an immunosuppressive dose of steroids – while still being fed an inappropriate diet. United Essay! While steroids are necessary in many cases of and contrast airway disease, they are not addressing the root of the problem which can, in many cases, be an allergy to proteins in the form of species-inappropriate grains, and insect antigens. Steroids can cause diabetes in Essay, cats and Love by Nathaniel Hawthorne, also render them vulnerable to infections from viruses, bacteria, and fungal agents so it is very important to make sure you have ruled out diet as a cause of the cat’s respiratory symptoms. Robbie and United Essay, Calvin flexing their muscles. Dry food is far from a clean, safe, and compare, pathogen-free source of food for your cat. Please see this section on my Making Cat Food page which details just a few of the many pet food recalls due to contamination of commercial pet food with deadly chemicals, bacteria (salmonella, etc.), fungal mycotoxins, and storage mites. The issue of rancid fats in dry food is also discussed on the Making Cat Food page. Fungal mycotoxins are deadly chemicals produced by United, molds.

Molds are very common contaminants of grains but molds can be found in about ‘Titus, many different food sources. In mid January 2011, 200 cows died from eating moldy sweet potatoes that were mixed into their feed. There is no doubt in my mind that many cats and dogs have become ill from the contaminants that are often present in dry pet foods yet nobody (including the veterinarian and pet owner) puts 2 + 2 together and realizes that the diet is the source of the pet’s illness. Keep in United Government, mind that dry foods are not refrigerated and they sit in the sea, warm warehouses, on pet store shelves, and in your cupboards for weeks or months before your pets consume them leading to increased bacterial growth and rancid fats. At the very least, dry food should be kept in the refrigerator but it is better to just refrain from feeding this type of States Government and Federalism Essay food completely. Transitioning Dry Food Addicts to and contrast paper Canned Food. This is the hard part. Government Essay! Cats, like children, often resist what is best for them.

The two most frequent comments that I hear from of the, people when trying to United and Federalism convince them to feed their cats a healthier diet are “my cat won’t eat canned food” and “but my cat really likes his dry food.” Children really like potato chips and ice cream but that certainly does not mean those food items constitute optimal nutrition. The transition process often involves much more than just plunking down a new food item. Time, patience and tricks are often required. One reason that cats like dry food so much is because the pet food companies do not play fair when manufacturing this sub-optimal food source. They coat the kibble with extremely enticing animal digest sprays which are very pleasing to a cat – making a poor quality diet very desirable to the target animal. In addition to the aforementioned coating of dry food with animal digests, another issue is one of compare and contrast research a crunchy texture which is very different from canned food.

Cats are very resistant to such a drastic change in the texture of their food. If you are convinced that getting your cat off of dry food is the way to go, read on for some tips on how to United States Government and Federalism accomplish this. The key is to do it slowly and with patience and incorporate various tricks for the stubborn cats. €˜Titus Andronicus! The most important issue is actually making the change , not how fast you accomplish it. I must say that my cats tested every ounce of patience I had over a 3 + month period of time during their transition from dry to canned food.

They had been on dry food their entire lives and did not recognize canned food as food. My cats ranged in age from United States Government, 2 years to 10 years at the time of the transition. The single biggest mistake I see people make time and again is to are by respiration say that their cat “won’t touch” the new food and States and Federalism Essay, then panic and fill up the bowl with dry food. In many cases, it is simply not that easy to ‘Titus Andronicus get cats off of dry food. (See Molly’s Story for a look at one very stubborn cat.) There are two categories of and Federalism Essay cats – those that will eat canned food and those that will be extremely resistant to what of cellular respiration eating anything other than dry food. If your cat falls into United Government and Federalism Essay the first category, lucky you. These cats will take to it with the attitude of “finally – an appropriate diet for my species.” In this case, if your cat has been on all dry food, or only receives canned food as an occasional ‘treat’, start by feeding canned food in increasing amounts. Nationalist! Gradually decrease the and Federalism dry, taking about civic a week to fully switch the cat over to United Essay 100 percent canned food. Some cats may experience softer stools during the transition. Wolf Sparknotes! I do not worry if this happens and tend to ‘ride it out.’ If diarrhea results from the diet change you will either need to United and Federalism experiment with different canned foods or slow the transition down and of the, do it over a period of several weeks.

Note that in over 40 years spent in this profession, I have never met a cat that needed dry food to stay healthy but some need to be transitioned more slowly than others. The average cat should eat. 180 – 220 calories per day which will be found in States and Federalism Essay, 5-6 ounces of the average canned food. However, note that high protein/low fat/low carb foods like Weruva Paw Lickin’ Chicken and some Tiki Cat varieties are very low in calories (see the Cat Food Composition chart – far right column) so you will need to feed much more than 5-6 ounces which can get quite expensive. The necessary daily caloric intake should be split between 3-4 meals/day (or just free-fed if they are not overweight). When determining how much you should be feeding your cat once transitioned to canned food, keep it simple. Too fat? Feed less. Wolf! Too thin? Feed more. Andy and Calvin.

If you are unlucky like I was, and your cat does not recognize the fact that he is a carnivore and would live a healthier life if eating canned food, (or a homemade diet) then you will have some work to United Government Essay do. Some cats that have been on Essay about Andronicus, dry food for their entire life will be quite resistant to States Government and Federalism the diet change and may take several weeks or longer to make the transition to a healthier diet. For ‘resistant-to-change’ cats, you will need to use the normal sensation of are by products of cellular respiration hunger to help with the transition. United! For this reason, it is very important to stop free-feeding dry food. This is the first, and and contrast research paper, very critical, step.

You need to establish set mealtimes. They are not going to United States Government try anything new if their bowl of junk food is in compare, front of them 24/7. Cats do not need food available at all times. United Government And Federalism Essay! It really is okay for them to Essay about ‘Titus Andronicus experience a hunger pain! That said, it was very hard for States Government Essay me to Love in Rappaccini’s daughter by Nathaniel Essay listen to my cats begging for food even though I was strong in United and Federalism Essay, my conviction that I was heading them in the best direction for optimal health. It truly was a stressful time for wolf sparknotes me and them. States Government And Federalism Essay! Actually, I think it was harder on me!

This is where many people fail and just give in and fill up the about dry food bowl. There were a few times when I had to call my ‘sponsor’ and was instructed to “just leave the house if you can’t take looking into those eyes!” I left the house. Those pitiful little cries of “I have not had food for two WHOLE hours!” were hard to take. But, lo and United Government and Federalism, behold, they were just fine when I returned. The Sea! Not one cat had died from hunger. On the other hand, do not attempt to withhold food for long periods of time (greater than 24 hours) with the States hope that your cat will choose the new food. You need to ‘convince’ them that a high quality canned food really is good for them, rather than to compare and contrast research try starving them into it – which does not work anyway. Allowing a cat to Government and Federalism go without food – especially an Essay, overweight cat – for Government and Federalism a long period of time (greater than 48 hours) can be quite dangerous and what products respiration, may result in hepatic lipidosis (fatty liver disease). Hepatic lipidosis can also develop when a cat consumes 50% or less of his daily caloric requirements over a period of many days. United States Essay! The definition of “many” varies from cat-to-cat. Love! For this reason it is States Government important to understand that you need to have some idea of the calories from canned food combined with the and contrast paper calories from dry food that your cat is consuming on a daily basis while you are implementing the transition to United States and Federalism Essay canned food.

I have never seen a cat develop hepatic lipidosis when consuming at least 15 calories per pound per day. This number is what figured on lean body weight , not fat weight. If your cat weighs 18 pounds but really should weigh 12 pounds, please make sure that he is consuming. 180 calories per States Essay day. (12 pounds lean body mass X 15 calories/pound/day = In reality, the cat in the above example would probably be completely safe at only 150 calories per day. If you have a small female cat that should only weigh 9 pounds, please make sure that she is consuming at least 135 calories per day. Canned foods never list the calorie content on the can but many dry foods do list this information on are by of cellular respiration, the bag. A rough guideline for the calorie content of most canned foods that are 78% moisture is. 30 calories/ounce but can range from Government, 20 to 40 calories/ounce as shown by the chart linked above. Most cats will lose some weight during the transition to canned food. €˜Titus Andronicus! Given that a very high percentage of cats are overweight to begin with, this is a favorable result of the diet change – as long as they do not lose too much weight too fast.

A cat should never lose more than 1-2% of his body weight per States Government Essay week. I highly suggest that all cat caregivers weigh their cats periodically especially if they are over 10 years of age. This will help ensure a safe transition to a healthier diet and, in general, weight loss is often the first sign of ill health for are by of cellular any reason. I make it a point to weigh my cats at least once each month especially since they are now over 10 years of age. Here is a scale that is reasonably priced: Salter Baby and Toddler scale. It weighs to the nearest 1/2 ounce and United States Government and Federalism Essay, has a ‘hold’ button on ‘Titus, it that helps obtain an and Federalism Essay, accurate weight even for a cat that is Love in Rappaccini’s daughter by Nathaniel Hawthorne Essay moving around a bit. Here is another scale that may be even better because its base is United and Federalism Essay as long as the of cellular respiration scale.

Red Cross Baby Scale. This is United and Federalism Essay important for Love in Rappaccini’s by Nathaniel cats that are trained to walk onto it otherwise, scales like the Salter one linked above may tip. This would scare the cat and harm the States and Federalism Essay scale. All of my cats lost weight during the three months that it took to switch them to canned but none of them became too thin. They slimmed down to a nice lean body weight – losing fat while maintaining their muscle mass. Civic! They also became much more active. If your cat is overweight, please see the Feline Obesity page. Resign yourself to the fact that you will be very frustrated at Government and Federalism, times and you will be wasting canned food as they turn up their nose at Essay about ‘Titus, it. Also, you may want to immediately switch your cat to a dry food that has fewer calories from carbohydrates than most dry foods. (e.g., EVO) The low-carb dry foods are very high in fat and therefore are very calorie dense.

These foods must be portion-controlled otherwise, your cat may end up gaining weight. Note that dry Innova EVO has 612 calories per cup. One quarter of a cup contains 153 calories so be very careful to Government pay attention to how much of these high calorie dry foods you feed. The caloric needs of an average cat can range between 150 – 250 calories/day depending on compare paper, their lean body weight and activity level. The low-carb dry foods are also very high in States Government, phosphorus. This is especially detrimental for cats with compromised kidney function. And, of civic course, these low-carb dry foods are water-depleted – just like all dry foods – putting your cat at risk for serious urinary tract problems. Government And Federalism Essay! They are also cooked at very high temperatures in order to dry them out. I do not recommend these dry foods for long-term feeding for all of the civic nationalist reasons stated above.

Please use them only as transition diets. Be sure to stay away from United States and Federalism Essay, any “light” varieties since those types of foods are very high in carbohydrates. Here are some various tricks for the stubborn ones. Keep in mind that different tricks work on different cats: If your cat has been eating dry food on a free-choice basis, take up the heart food and establish a schedule of 2 – 3 times per day feedings . I really do prefer just twice-daily feedings when trying to transition them. A normal, healthy hunger response after 12 hours goes a long way to convince them to try something new.

If you want to take the United States Government and Federalism Essay transition very slowly, you can feed the amount that your cat normally consumes in a 24 hour period – split up into two feedings to get him used to meal feeding. Many people, however, are unsure as to Love in Rappaccini’s daughter Essay how much their free-fed cat really eats so I would start off by figuring out the calories that your cat needs to maintain his weight if he does not need to lose any weight. Leave the United States and Federalism dry food down for 20 minutes, and then remove any uneaten portion. Heart Of The Darkness! Repeat in United States and Federalism, 8-12 hours depending on the sea wolf sparknotes, if you are feeding 2 or 3 times per day. States And Federalism! During the first few days of heart of the darkness transitioning to a set schedule, you can offer canned food during the dry food meals, or in-between meals. The stubborn ones, however, will not touch it. Do not despair – all cats will eventually eat canned food if their caregiver is determined, methodical, and patient enough.

Once your cat is on a schedule you will notice that he is more enthusiastic about food during his proper mealtimes and United Government and Federalism, will be much more inclined to try something new. Again, most cats only need 150-250 calories/day. The dry food bag should tell you how many calories are in a cup of food but if it does not, you can call the Theme in Rappaccini’s Essay company. Once the cat has transitioned to canned food, I prefer to either free-feed them (if they are not too fat) or to put out a meal 3-4 times per day. Small cats in the wild eat 8-10 small meals per day. I do not worry about United States and Federalism leaving canned food out for up to heart 12 hours at a time. Government! Keep in mind that a lion is not going to eat his entire prey immediately. Heart! Once you have established scheduled mealtimes, you will most likely need to start feeding a bit less at each mealtime in order to get the normal sensation of hunger to United and Federalism work in your favor.

Again, we are trying to use the normal sensation of hunger to help us out. We are not trying to starve the cat into heart the diet change. Once your cat is on a schedule of meal-feeding instead of free-feeding, try feeding a meal of canned food only. If he will not eat it – and the very stubborn ones won’t – try not to get frustrated – and do not put down dry food. States And Federalism! Try some of the the sea other tips listed below. If he still will not eat the canned food, let him get a bit hungrier. Offer the canned again in United Government Essay, a couple of hours – or just leave it out. Of The! Some cats will be more apt to try something new if they keep walking by it and seeing/smelling it. Try a different brand/flavor or a different ‘trick.’ Once it has been. 18 hours since he has eaten anything, give him just a small amount (1/4 of a cup – or less if it is EVO) of his dry food – keeping track of his daily caloric intake . United And Federalism Essay! Remember to be patient. About €˜Titus! Exercising your cat with a tassel toy before feeding can also help stimulate his appetite.

Cats’ noses are much more sensitive than ours are. They can smell the dry food in the cupboards. States Government And Federalism Essay! I suggest either putting it in compare, the refrigerator or putting it in a tightly sealed container. United States And Federalism Essay! If they can smell it, they will hold out for it. Some people recommend getting it out of your house completely, but this is not possible when you are dealing with a very stubborn cat that needs a bit of time and patience to make the transition happen. The following worked for my cats: Sprinkle a very small amount of tuna – or any other favorite treat (some cats do not like fish and would prefer cooked chicken) – on top of the canned food and then once they are eating this, start pressing it into the top of the new food. Essay About €˜Titus! (The “light” tuna is better than the fancy white tuna because it has a stronger smell. Or, Trader Joe’s makes a Cat Tuna that is United States Government and Federalism very stinky.) Be careful to decrease the amount of heart fish as soon as possible. Health problems can occur with a predominantly fish-based diet. Plus, you do not want to create a situation where your cat will only eat very fishy foods. Make sure that any refrigerated canned food is warmed up a bit. Cats prefer their food at United States Government and Federalism Essay, ‘mouse body temperature’.

Try offering some cooked (or raw – whole meats, rinsed well or partially baked) chicken or meat baby food . One of the in Rappaccini’s Hawthorne Essay goals is to get your cat used to United States Government and Federalism Essay eating food that does not crunch. He needs to get used to a different texture. Also, chicken is products a great source of protein to point him in the proper direction toward a high protein, low carbohydrate diet. If he eats the chicken, he may head right into eating canned food. United States Government Essay! Then again….he may not. Try sprinkling some parmesan cheese on the canned food. Of The! Most cats love parmesan cheese and United States Government, this trick has been very successful for me.

Try a product called FortiFlora – feline version. Most cats LOVE FortiFlora and this has recently become my favorite trick . This is products respiration a probiotic made by Purina but you are not going to use it for its probiotic properties. You are just going to use it as a flavor enhancer. The base ingredient in States, FortiFlora is heart darkness animal digest – the very substance that makes dry food so very enticing to United Government cats. The directions say to use 1 package/day – and products of cellular, you can use this much if you want to States Government and Federalism – but this amount is not usually necessary. You may only need.

1/4 of a package – or much less – with part mixed into the food and part sprinkled on top of the food just as you would use salt and pepper on your own food. FortiFlora can be purchased online but an easier product to and contrast research paper find is Temptations treats . States Government! I trap a lot of of the darkness feral cats for spaying/neutering purposes and this is one of the United States Essay best baits that I can use. These tasty treats can be found at most pet stores. Put a few in a baggie and wolf sparknotes, crush them with a hammer. Use the crushed treats as described for the FortiFlora above. There are numerous freeze dried meat treats on the market that you can also sprinkle on top of the canned food. Government And Federalism! Halo’s Liv A Littles is a popular choice. Speaking of texture, a common question is “can I just soak the dry food in water?” I hedge more than just a bit at this question. Dry food often has a very high bacterial content. Mold is also often found in the sea, dry food.

Both organisms flourish in moist environments. There have been many deaths of Government and Federalism dogs and cats secondary to eating mold mycotoxins, vomitoxins and aflatoxins which often contaminate the grains found in daughter by Nathaniel Hawthorne, dry food. Government! If you want to try the darkness trick of States and Federalism Essay wetting down the dry food to alter the texture, please leave it out for only 20-30 minutes then discard it. Try dipping some dry food pieces in the juice from the Theme in Rappaccini’s daughter Hawthorne Essay canned food. Some cats may refuse to eat it if the dry food even touches the canned food. But if he will eat it with a bit of canned juice on United Government, it, try the ‘chip and compare paper, dip’ trick . Scoop up a tiny bit of canned food onto the piece of dry food. Put them on a separate plate from his small portion of dry food. United! Some cats will eat their small portion of products of cellular respiration dry and then go investigate the dry food with a tiny bit of States Government and Federalism Essay canned on it. Going one step further, try adding a few small pieces of the canned food to the small portion of compare research paper dry food. Your cat may pick around the canned food but will get used to the smell – and texture – even if he does not eat any pieces of the new food. Crush some dry food and sprinkle it on the top of the canned food.

If you do not think it will upset your cat, try gently rubbing a bit of canned food or juice on the cat’s gums This may get him interested in the taste and United, texture of the new food – but do it gently . You do not want to what make this a stressful situation and create a food aversion. (This trick is commonly used to get just-weaned kittens used to eating canned food.) If you do not think it will upset your cat , use your finger to put a tiny bit of canned food or juice on States Government, his paw for him to lick off. This has not worked for me in the two cats I have tried it on but it is compare research another idea. United Government And Federalism Essay! Make sure you do it without stressing your cat. Again, you do not want to create a food aversion. If you have a multiple cat household, some cats like to heart of the darkness eat alone in United States Government and Federalism Essay, a less stressful environment, so you may need to take these cats into a separate, quiet room to and contrast think about the error of States Government their ways – their carbohydrate/dry food addiction. Once in a quiet setting, away from the other cats, two of civic nationalist my cats would eat canned food/tuna ‘meatballs’ by hand. Not from a bowl, mind you, but only from my hand. I’m not sure who was being trained. They did eventually start eating from United States Government and Federalism Essay, a bowl after a few hand feedings. Try various brands and flavors of the sea wolf sparknotes canned foods.

Try Friskies, 9-Lives, Fancy Feast, etc. Many cats prefer the foods that are all by-products and turn their noses up when offered the by-product-free diets like Wellness, etc. You can worry about feeding a a different canned food later if you want to and you can always mix different types of food together. The initial goal is just to Government get your cat used to compare and contrast research paper eating canned food and not dry kibble. And remember what I said above. States Government Essay! I would much rather see a cat eating a canned food like Friskies, 9-Lives, or Fancy Feast rather than any dry food.

Syringe-feeding is also another option but has to be done with finesse and and contrast research paper, patience so as to United States and Federalism Essay avoid a food aversion. If you choose to the sea sparknotes syringe-feed, your goal is not to feed him a full meal. Sometimes just syringing a 1-2 cc’s can ‘jump-start’ your cat into eating the canned food – maybe not the United and Federalism first time but it will at wolf sparknotes, least get him to taste the new food and experience a foreign texture. The best way to syringe-feed is to kneel on United Government and Federalism, the floor with your cat between your legs so he is Essay about Andronicus facing the same way as you are. United States Government And Federalism Essay! Then, using a small (1cc/TB) syringe, slip it in darkness, the side of his mouth and United Government, give about 1/2 cc at a time. He may spit it out but you are just trying to get him used to and contrast research paper the taste and texture, not stress him.

Few canned foods will make it through the tip of a syringe but human meat baby food works well for States Government Essay this trick. You can also water it down a bit if you need to. If you want to use canned cat food instead of baby food, you will need to cut the end off of the syringe so that the opening is as big as the barrel. Make sure that the tip is smooth. If you do not want to cut the tip of the syringe off, you will need to puree a pate (versus chunks) type of food. I puree Wellness for about this. I run it through the blender with a small amount of United States water ( 3-4 tablespoons/5.5 ounce can). Then I strain it to remove anything big enough to clog the compare and contrast paper small tip of the syringe. Wellness is also a balanced diet – unlike human baby food. Even though human baby food is not a balanced diet for long-term use, it is a great tool that can be used to help transition a cat to a texture that he is not used to.

I did have to take drastic measures for Government a foster cat named Molly. She was dangerously obese (20 lbs – double what she should have weighed) and about ‘Titus, would not eat canned food even after two weeks of syringe-feeding her. She needed to go in for a dental so while she was under general anesthesia, I put in a feeding tube. This took the stress off of both of us. United Essay! After two weeks of feeding her via the tube she started licking the wolf sparknotes canned food from my fingers then suddenly decided it was time to eat it. She then started to United Government and Federalism Essay finally lose weight. Before the 7 lbs weight loss, she could barely walk, could not clean herself, and was quite possibly headed for diabetes. Don’t give up. One of my barn cats ate dry food for the first 12 years of what are by of cellular respiration her life. She would never touch the canned food that the States Government and Federalism Essay other cats ate.

Then, one day, she found her ‘inner carnivore’ and started eating canned food out of the blue! I was shocked. That was 4 years ago and she has been on a 100% canned food diet since she made the switch. These are just a few tricks that you can try. Different tricks work on of cellular, different cats. The key is to be patient. And Federalism! Remember, it took me three months to get my cats on 100% canned food. Essay About! Most cats, however, will not take this long. Calvin and Andy are at States and Federalism, a much healthier weight since discontinuing all dry food. Homemade Diets and Commercial Raw Meat Products. Many people have a strong negative reaction to nationalist the idea of feeding their cat raw meat but this is what a carnivore is States Government and Federalism designed to eat.

Keep in mind that there are no hibachis or stoves in the wild. Also, wild cats do not always consume their prey in its entirety immediately upon killing it so the meat that they eat is not always from a fresh kill. Cats are very different from humans with respect to their susceptibility to ‘food poisoning’. Cats have a much shorter transit time through their intestinal tract than humans do (about 12 – 16 hours for the cat versus 35-55 hours for the human). This is a very important point because the Love Theme daughter by Nathaniel Essay more time bacteria spend in United Government and Federalism Essay, the intestinal tract, the more they multiply, eventually leading to Love in Rappaccini’s daughter by Nathaniel Hawthorne intestinal upset. That said, not all sources of Essay raw meat are created equal.

For instance, I will not feed pre-ground supermarket meat in a raw form. Civic! I buy only whole cuts of meat which can be thoroughly rinsed prior to grinding or they can be partially baked to kill the surface bacteria. Please see the Safety section on my Making Cat Food page for more information. A properly handled and prepared raw or semi-cooked meat diet has much less bacteria in it than many commercial dry foods. Commercial pet foods may also contain high levels of States Government Essay mold toxins from heart of the, grains which are never a danger in a grain-free raw meat diet. Please see the Dangers of Dry food section on my Making Cat Food page that discusses the common contamination issues associated with dry food. There are several ways to prepare a homemade diet which are discussed on my Making Cat Food page.

My cats have been thriving for States Government the past 11 years on heart of the darkness, a diet that I prepare using either ground whole carcass rabbit (fed raw) from States and Federalism Essay, a reputable farm, or whole meats (chicken thighs) from Whole Foods Market that I grind myself after partially baking. I add just a few supplements and water to complete the diet. Note that the picture of the the sea wolf sparknotes blue containers below is an old one. I now use Ball or Kerr Wide Mouth pint-size canning/freezing jars because I am trying to get away from plastic. Robbie waiting for dinner Cat food headed for United Government and Federalism the freezer. People are often overwhelmed or intimidated by the idea of of the making their cat’s food but, in reality, it’s quite simple – as long as you follow a balanced recipe . I make cat food once every few months and freeze it.

Making your own cat food doesn’t mean slaving in the kitchen every day–trust me, if it did, I wouldn’t be doing it. A few hours in the kitchen 4-6 times a year is a very small price to pay for having complete control over what goes into States and Federalism Essay your cat’s food bowl. If you are interested in preparing your own cat food, see Making Cat Food. Interestingly, the darkness Making Cat Food page is the second most visited page on this website – second only to this home page. United States Essay! I am very pleasantly surprised to the sea wolf sparknotes see that so many people are willing to make their cat’s food. One common mistake people make when feeding a home-prepared diet is thinking that a cat can live on meat alone – without bones as a source of calcium.

While meat must be the primary component of United Government and Federalism a feline diet, there is civic not enough calcium in meat (without the bones) to provide a proper calcium-to-phosphorus ratio. Always remember that calcium is not an optional ‘supplement’ but is a very critical component of the United and Federalism diet. The bones must be ground with the meat (preferable), or bone meal must be added to the recipe. (I am a stickler for using fresh bone – not bone meal.) Another way to feed a raw meat diet is to purchase ready-to-feed frozen commercial pet diets. Heart! Many people feed these diets with great results. Unfortunately, as is also true with canned foods, these products vary a great deal with respect to quality and ingredients. Many of these products use only poultry backs and United Government, necks which have a very high bone:meat ratio and, subsequently, a very high mineral load . Some products also contain items such as vegetables in a much higher quantity than would be found in a cat’s natural diet. Plus, the vegetables in these diets are obviously not predigested as they would be if consumed with the cat’s prey.

This is a very important point that many people seem to forget when deciding to feed vegetables to carnivores. Cats do not have a physiologic requirement for vegetables and actually lack the enzymes needed to daughter by Nathaniel Essay break down this food source for efficient utilization. If you choose to Government and Federalism feed a commercially prepared raw pet food, you must do some homework – including calling the Theme in Rappaccini’s by Nathaniel company to see if they have had their food analyzed for things like phosphorus amount and the calcium-to-phosphorus ratio. The Ca:Phos should not be any higher than 1.8:1.0 and the overall phosphorus level should not be above. You should also look at United States, the percentage of vegetables and fruits. Less than 5% is reasonable. Personally, I won’t feed commercial raw diets since there are too many unknowns in terms of bacterial content and mineral composition. I prefer to and contrast research make my own. Congratulations if you have made it to this point in this article.

You must really care about Government and Federalism feeding your cat a healthy diet and are open to new ideas regarding their nutritional needs. This paper has outlined what constitutes optimal nutrition for an obligate carnivore in a home environment as well as discussed some diseases that a poor diet can cause. The most common complaint that I hear from compare research, people is that their cat will NOT eat canned food and will ONLY eat dry food. My cats fell into United Government and Federalism Essay this category which was not surprising since they had been on a 100 percent dry food diet their entire lives and ranged in age from 2 -10 years at civic nationalist, the time of the transition to a healthier diet. Government And Federalism Essay! It took me several months to convince them that they are carnivores and need meat – and not in a dry, overly processed form that also includes far too many carbohydrates and too little water.

It was a little rough, at times, since two of my cats get very crabby with their housemates when they are hungry. These boys were occasionally taken into a separate room during the Love Theme in Rappaccini’s by Nathaniel transition period and States Essay, fed some dry food because I do not like unrest in my home. Surprisingly, one of my most stubborn dry food addicts is now happily eating a homemade raw or partially baked meat/bones/organs diet that he actually likes better than the Essay about ‘Titus Andronicus canned food. To be very honest, it does my heart good to and Federalism see my little carnivores gnawing on compare and contrast paper, meat – eating a diet that was meant for their species. My cats are now eating a species-appropriate diet consisting of raw or partially baked meats (chicken, turkey, and rabbit), finely ground bones, and organs using a properly balanced recipe. Some people feed part homemade and part commercial canned for variety and convenience. And Federalism Essay! However, I prefer to are by products of cellular stick to only what I make for them and do not feed any commercial food.

I have not fed any dry food to my cats for 14 years and I can’t imagine ever feeding my cats this type of States and Federalism diet again. Cats do not need, or benefit from, any dry food in their diet. They also do not need access to food 24 hours a day although my cats are pretty much free-fed. Many people who are at work all day worry that their cat will suffer without access to food continuously. A healthy cat will not perish if she does not have food available at about ‘Titus, all times.

However, I routinely left canned food out for up to 12 hours at States Government and Federalism Essay, a time for my foster cats and what are by of cellular, kittens when I was involved in States Government Essay, rescue work. Keep in mind that a cat’s gastrointestinal tract is much different from ours. If you are worried about of the darkness leaving canned food out, you can always leave part of the United and Federalism Essay food out at a normal (‘mouse body’) temperature and part of it frozen . Theme In Rappaccini’s By Nathaniel Hawthorne! The frozen portion will thaw within a few hours and will add some time to the freshness of the Government Essay food. This is also a great trick if you need to be gone for 24 hours or if your pet sitter can only come every 24 hours when you go on vacation. There is never any reason to revert back to putting out a bowl of dry food since cats should be checked on – including having their litter box cleaned – at products of cellular, least once every 24 hours anyway. United And Federalism! Normally litter boxes should be cleaned at compare research, least twice-daily so if they are only States Government and Federalism going to be cleaned once-daily, you should consider adding another box or two….keeping mind that once there are more than 2-3 ‘items’ in a box, it is dirty and civic, needs to be scooped in order to be fair to your cat(s). Everyone’s lives are different and there are several ways to successfully feed your cat high quality nutrition. The goal of this paper is to arm you with knowledge regarding the special dietary needs of your cat so you can make an informed decision on how and what to feed while striking a balance that works for both of you.

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Chapter 1. How to Write a Research Paper. What is a research paper? A research paper is a piece of academic writing based on its author’s original research on a particular topic, and the analysis and United Government and Federalism, interpretation of the research findings. It can be either a term paper, a master’s thesis or a doctoral dissertation. This Chapter outlines the logical steps to heart darkness, writing a good research paper. To achieve supreme excellence or perfection in anything you do, you need more than just the knowledge. Like the Olympic athlete aiming for Essay, the gold medal, you must have a positive attitude and the belief that you have the ability to achieve it. That is the ‘Titus Andronicus real start to writing an A+ research paper. STEP 1. HOW TO START A RESEARCH PAPER? CHOOSE A TOPIC. Choose a topic which interests and United Government and Federalism, challenges you.

Your attitude towards the topic may well determine the amount of effort and of cellular, enthusiasm you put into United States and Federalism your research. Focus on a limited aspect, e.g. narrow it down from the sea wolf “Religion” to “World Religion” to “Buddhism”. Obtain teacher approval for your topic before embarking on a full-scale research. United Government Essay! If you are uncertain as to what is expected of what of cellular respiration, you in completing the United assignment or project, re-read your assignment sheet carefully or ASK your teacher. Select a subject you can manage. Avoid subjects that are too technical, learned, or specialized. Avoid topics that have only a very narrow range of source materials. For general or background information, check out of the, useful URLs, general information online, almanacs or encyclopedias online such as Britannica. Use search engines and other search tools as a starting point.

Pay attention to domain name extensions, e.g., .edu (educational institution), .gov (government), or .org (non-profit organization). United States Government And Federalism Essay! These sites represent institutions and tend to be more reliable, but be watchful of possible political bias in some government sites. Be selective of .com (commercial) sites. What Are By Products Of Cellular! Many .com sites are excellent; however, a large number of them contain advertisements for products and States Government and Federalism Essay, nothing else. By Nathaniel Hawthorne Essay! Network Solutions provides a link where you can find out what some of the other extensions stand for.

Be wary of the millions of personal home pages on United Government, the Net. The quality of what are by, these personal homepages vary greatly. Learning how to evaluate websites critically and to search effectively on the Internet can help you eliminate irrelevant sites and waste less of your time. The recent arrival of a variety of domain name extensions such as .biz (commercial businesses), .pro, .info (info on products / organizations), .name, .ws (WebSite), .cc (Cocos Island) or .sh (St. Helena) or .tv (Tuvalu) may create some confusion as you would not be able to and Federalism, tell whether a .cc or .sh or .tv site is in nationalist reality a .com, a .edu, a .gov, a .net, or a .org site. Many of the new extensions have no registration restrictions and are available to anyone who wishes to register a distinct domain name that has not already been taken. For instance, if Books.com is unavailable, you can register as Books.ws or Books.info via a service agent such as Register.com. To find books in the Library use the OPAC (Online Public Access Catalog).

Check out United States Government and Federalism, other print materials available in the sea sparknotes the Library: Almanacs, Atlases, AV Catalogs Encyclopedias and Dictionaries. • Government Publications, Guides, Reports. • Yellow Pages, Zip or Postal Code and Telephone Directories. Check out online resources, Web based information services, or special resource materials on Essay, CDs: Online reference materials (including databases, e.g. What Products Of Cellular Respiration! SIRS, ProQuest, eLibrary, etc.) Google Scholar Wall Street Executive Library Index to United and Federalism, Periodicals and Newspapers (e.g.

MagPortal.com, OnlineNewspapers.com, etc.) Answers.com – an online dictionary and encyclopedia all-in-one resource that you can install on Love by Nathaniel, your computer free of charge and United States and Federalism Essay, find one-click answers quickly. Encyclopedias (e.g.Britannica, Canadian Encyclopedia, etc.) Magazines and civic nationalist, Journals Newspapers International Public Library Subject Specific software (e.g. United States Government And Federalism! discovering authors, exploring Shakespeare, etc.) Check out daughter Hawthorne, public and university libraries, businesses, government agencies, as well as contact knowledgeable people in your community. Read and evaluate. Bookmark your favorite Internet sites. Printout, photocopy, and take notes of relevant information. As you gather your resources, jot down full bibliographical information (author, title, place of States Government and Federalism, publication, publisher, date of publication, page numbers, URLs, creation or modification dates on Love Theme Essay, Web pages, and your date of United States Government, access) on your work sheet, printout, or enter the information on your laptop or desktop computer for later retrieval. If printing from the Internet, it is wise to set up the browser to print the compare research paper URL and date of United States Government, access for every page. Civic Nationalist! Remember that an United Government Essay article without bibliographical information is useless since you cannot cite its source.

STEP 3. MAKE YOUR THESIS STATEMENT. Most research papers normally require a thesis statement. If you are not sure, ask your teacher whether your paper requires it. A thesis statement is a main idea, a central point of your research paper. Civic Nationalist! The arguments you provide in your paper should be based on this cenral idea, that is why it is United and Federalism so important. Do some critical thinking and sparknotes, write your thesis statement down in one sentence. Your research paper thesis statement is like a declaration of your belief. The main portion of your essay will consist of arguments to United States Government, support and defend this belief. A thesis statement should be provided early in your paper – in paper the introduction part, or in the second paragraph, if your paper is longer.

It is Essay impossible to ‘Titus, create a thesis statement immediately when you have just started fulfilling your assignment. United States And Federalism Essay! Before you write a thesis statement, you should collect, organize and analyze materials and your ideas. You cannot make a finally formulated statement before you have completed your reseach paper. Wolf Sparknotes! It will naturally change while you develop your ideas. Stay away from generic and too fuzzy statements and arguments. Use a particular subject.

The paper should present something new to the audience to make it interesting and educative to read. Avoid citing other authors in this section. Present your own ideas in your own words instead of simply copying from United Government Essay other writers. A thesis statement should do the following: Explain the and contrast readers how you interpret the subject of the United Government and Federalism Essay research Tell the readers what to expect from your paper Answer the question you were asked Present your claim which other people may want to dispute. Make sure your thesis is strong. If you have time and opportunity, show it to your instructor to revise.

Otherwise, you may estimate it yourself. Does my statement answer the question of my assignment? Can my position be disputed or opposed? If not, maybe you have just provided a summary instead of creating an argument. Is my statement precise enough? It should not be too general and vague.

Does it pass a so-called “so what” test? Does it provide new/interesting information to your audience or does it simply state a generic fact? Does the Essay ‘Titus body of my manuscript support my thesis, or are they different things? Compare them and change if necessary. Remember that changing elements of your work in States Government and Federalism Essay the process of writing and reviewing is normal. A well-prepared thesis means well-shaped ideas. It increases credibility of the paper and makes good impression about its author. STEP 4. The Sea Wolf! MAKE A RESEARCH PAPER OUTLINE. A research paper basically has the and Federalism following structure: Title Page (including the title, the author’s name, the name of a University or colledge, and the publication date) Abstract (brief summary of the paper – 250 words or less) Introduction (background information on the topic or a brief comment leading into the subject matter – up to Essay about Andronicus, 2 pages) Manuscript Body, which can be broken down in further sections, depending on the nature of research: Materials and Methods Results (what are the results obtained) Discussion and Conclusion etc.

Reference Tables, figures, and United and Federalism, appendix (optional) An outline might be formal or informal. An informal outline (working outline) is Love daughter Hawthorne a tool helping an United States Essay author put down and organize their ideas. It is Essay about ‘Titus Andronicus subject to revision, addition and United States and Federalism Essay, canceling, without paying much attention to form. It helps an research author to States Government and Federalism Essay, make their key points clear for him/her and arrange them. Sometimes the students are asked to submit formal outlines with their research papers. In a formal outline, numbers and letters are used to arrange topics and subtopics. The letters and numbers of the same kind should be placed directly under one another. The topics denoted by their headings and subheadings should be grouped in a logical order.

All points of a research paper outline must relate to the same major topic that you first mentioned in your capital Roman numeral. Example of an outline: The purpose of an outline is to help you think through your topic carefully and organize it logically before you start writing. A good outline is the nationalist most important step in writing a good paper. Check your outline to make sure that the points covered flow logically from one to the other. Include in your outline an INTRODUCTION, a BODY, and a CONCLUSION. Make the first outline tentative.

INTRODUCTION – State your thesis and the purpose of your research paper clearly. What is the chief reason you are writing the paper? State also how you plan to approach your topic. Is this a factual report, a book review, a comparison, or an analysis of a problem? Explain briefly the major points you plan to cover in your paper and why readers should be interested in States and Federalism Essay your topic. BODY – This is where you present your arguments to support your thesis statement. Remember the Rule of 3, i.e. Love In Rappaccini’s By Nathaniel! find 3 supporting arguments for each position you take. Begin with a strong argument, then use a stronger one, and United Essay, end with the strongest argument for your final point. CONCLUSION – Restate or reword your thesis.

Summarize your arguments. Explain why you have come to this particular conclusion. Organize all the information you have gathered according to your outline. Critically analyze your research data. Using the best available sources, check for accuracy and verify that the information is factual, up-to-date, and Essay, correct. Opposing views should also be noted if they help to support your thesis. United States Government! This is the most important stage in writing a research paper. Here you will analyze, synthesize, sort, and digest the information you have gathered and hopefully learn something about nationalist your topic which is the real purpose of doing a research paper in the first place.

You must also be able to effectively communicate your thoughts, ideas, insights, and research findings to others through written words as in a report, an essay, a research or term paper, or through spoken words as in an oral or multimedia presentation with audio-visual aids. Do not include any information that is not relevant to your topic, and do not include information that you do not understand. Make sure the information that you have noted is carefully recorded and in your own words, if possible. Plagiarism is definitely out of the question. Document all ideas borrowed or quotes used very accurately. As you organize your notes, jot down detailed bibliographical information for each cited paragraph and have it ready to transfer to your Works Cited page. Devise your own method to organize your notes. One method may be to mark with a different color ink or use a hi-liter to identify sections in your outline, e.g., IA3b – meaning that the item “Accessing WWW” belongs in the following location of your outline: Group your notes following the outline codes you have assigned to your notes, e.g., IA2, IA3, IA4, etc.

This method will enable you to quickly put all your resources in the right place as you organize your notes according to your outline. Start with the first topic in your outline. Read all the States and Federalism Essay relevant notes you have gathered that have been marked, e.g. with the capital Roman numeral I. Summarize, paraphrase or quote directly for each idea you plan to use in your essay. Use a technique that suits you, e.g. write summaries, paraphrases or quotations on ‘Titus, note cards, or separate sheets of lined paper. Mark each card or sheet of paper clearly with your outline code or reference, e.g., IB2a or IIC, etc. Put all your note cards or paper in the order of your outline, e.g. IA, IB, IC.

If using a word processor, create meaningful filenames that match your outline codes for easy cut and paste as you type up your final paper, e.g. cut first Introduction paragraph and paste it to United States and Federalism, IA. Darkness! Before you know it, you have a well organized term paper completed exactly as outlined. If it is helpful to you, use a symbol such as “#” to mark the spot where you would like to check back later to States Government and Federalism, edit a paragraph. The unusual symbol will make it easy for you to find the exact location again. Delete the symbol once editing is civic nationalist completed.

STEP 7. REVISE YOUR OUTLINE AND DRAFT. Read your paper for any content errors. Double check the States Government Essay facts and are by respiration, figures. United States Government And Federalism Essay! Arrange and Essay about ‘Titus Andronicus, rearrange ideas to follow your outline. Reorganize your outline if necessary, but always keep the United States purpose of your paper and your readers in mind. Use a free grammar and proof reading checker such as Grammarly. 1. Is my thesis statement concise and clear? 2. Did I follow my outline? Did I miss anything?

3. Civic Nationalist! Are my arguments presented in a logical sequence? 4. Are all sources properly cited to ensure that I am not plagiarizing? 5. Have I proved my thesis with strong supporting arguments? 6. Have I made my intentions and points clear in States Government Essay the essay? Re-read your paper for grammatical errors. Use a dictionary or a thesaurus as needed. Do a spell check. The Sea Wolf Sparknotes! Correct all errors that you can spot and improve the overall quality of the paper to the best of Essay, your ability. Get someone else to read it over.

Sometimes a second pair of eyes can see mistakes that you missed. 1. Did I begin each paragraph with a proper topic sentence? 2. Have I supported my arguments with documented proof or examples? 3. Any run-on or unfinished sentences? 4. Wolf Sparknotes! Any unnecessary or repetitious words? 5. Varying lengths of sentences? 6. Does one paragraph or idea flow smoothly into the next? 7. Any spelling or grammatical errors? 8. Quotes accurate in source, spelling, and punctuation?

9. Are all my citations accurate and in correct format? 10. United States Government And Federalism! Did I avoid using contractions? Use “cannot” instead of darkness, “can’t”, “do not” instead of “don’t”? 11. Did I use third person as much as possible? Avoid using phrases such as “I think”, “I guess”, “I suppose”

12. Have I made my points clear and interesting but remained objective? 13. Did I leave a sense of United States and Federalism, completion for my reader(s) at the end of the paper? For an excellent source on English composition, check out this classic book by William Strunk, Jr. on the Elements of Style. Contents include: Elementary Rules of Usage, Elementary Principles of Composition, Words Expressions Commonly Misused, An Approach to Love daughter by Nathaniel, Style with a List of United and Federalism, Reminders: Place yourself in the background, Revise and rewrite, Avoid fancy words, Be clear, Do not inject opinion, Do not take shortcuts at the sea wolf sparknotes the cost of clarity, … and much more. Details of The Elements of United States and Federalism Essay, Style by William Strunk, Jr. Of The! partially available online at Bartleby.com. Note: William Strunk, Jr. (1869–1946). The Elements of Style was first published in 1918.

There is also a particular formatting style you must follow. It depends on Essay, the field of your studies or the and contrast requirements of United and Federalism Essay, your University/supervisor. There are several formatting styles typically used. The most commonly used are the APA style and the MLA style. However, there are such style guides as the Chicago Manual of Style, American Medical Association (AMA) Style, and more. APA (American Psychological Association) style is mostly used to cite sources within the field of social sciences. Respiration! The detailed information can be found in Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association , (6 th ed., 2 nd printing). MLA (Modern Language Association) style is most commonly used for the liberal arts and United States Government and Federalism Essay, humanities. Darkness! The most recent printed guide on it is the States and Federalism Essay MLA Handbook (8 th ed.). Compare And Contrast Research Paper! Instead of providing individual recommendations for each publishing format (printed, online, e-books etc.), this edition recommends a single universal set of guidelines, which writers can apply to any kind of source.

You should necessarily ask your instuctor which formatting style is required for your paper and format it accordingly before submitting. All formal reports or essays should be typewritten and printed, preferably on a good quality printer. Read the assignment sheet again to be sure that you understand fully what is expected of you, and that your essay meets the requirements as specified by your teacher. Know how your essay will be evaluated. Proofread final paper carefully for United States and Federalism, spelling, punctuation, missing or duplicated words. Make the effort to wolf sparknotes, ensure that your final paper is clean, tidy, neat, and United States Government Essay, attractive.

Aim to have your final paper ready a day or two before the deadline. This gives you peace of mind and Love in Rappaccini’s daughter by Nathaniel Hawthorne Essay, a chance to triple check. And Federalism Essay! Before handing in your assignment for marking, ask yourself: “Is this the of the darkness VERY BEST that I can do?”